13th Amendment: Abolishes slavery14th Amendment: Equal Protection15th Amendment: Extended suffrage to former slaves Added to the Constitution after the Civil War Attempted to settle disputes about the rights of former slaves and their descendants
Protection against slavery › Any form of slavery or forced labor is outlawed and is criminally punishable.
Equal Protection Amendment1. Protection Against Discrimination under the law › After defining citizenship as anyone “born or naturalized in the United States,” it guarantees everyone meeting this criterion to have “equal protection of the laws.”2. Protection from the States › States are required to defend and protect citizens natural rights as vigilantly as the national government
Right to Vote for All Citizens › Suffrage is guaranteed to all citizens regardless of “race”, “color”, or “former condition of servitude.” Vocabulary: 1. Suffrage the right to vote
Direct Election of Senators › Overturns the provision of Article I where state legislatures were to choose Senators from that state. Senators would now be elected by a popular vote of each state’s population. Vocabulary 1. Direct Election: when a straight popular vote determines the “winner”
Right to Vote for Women › Suffrage is guaranteed to women who had been denied this right by state laws.
Right to vote for District of Columbia in National Elections › Since Washington, D.C. is not in a state, it’s citizens did not have the right to vote in national elections. Washington, D.C. now has 3 Electoral Votes when choosing the President.
Abolition of Poll Taxes › States avoided the 15th Amendment by requiring people to pay a fee in order to vote. Those who could not afford it could not vote. Typically, this was African- Americans. Vocabulary 1. Abolish: To eliminate
Suffrage Extended to age 18 › Eighteen becomes the legal voting age for all those who meet the citizenship requirements.