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Extending the Bill of Rights

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Selected Amendments after the Bill of Rights that extend the rights, power, and freedom of Americans

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Extending the Bill of Rights

  1. 1. 13th Amendment: Abolishes slavery14th Amendment: Equal Protection15th Amendment: Extended suffrage to former slaves Added to the Constitution after the Civil War Attempted to settle disputes about the rights of former slaves and their descendants
  2. 2.  Protection against slavery › Any form of slavery or forced labor is outlawed and is criminally punishable.
  3. 3.  Equal Protection Amendment1. Protection Against Discrimination under the law › After defining citizenship as anyone “born or naturalized in the United States,” it guarantees everyone meeting this criterion to have “equal protection of the laws.”2. Protection from the States › States are required to defend and protect citizens natural rights as vigilantly as the national government
  4. 4.  Right to Vote for All Citizens › Suffrage is guaranteed to all citizens regardless of “race”, “color”, or “former condition of servitude.” Vocabulary: 1. Suffrage  the right to vote
  5. 5.  Direct Election of Senators › Overturns the provision of Article I where state legislatures were to choose Senators from that state. Senators would now be elected by a popular vote of each state’s population. Vocabulary 1. Direct Election:  when a straight popular vote determines the “winner”
  6. 6.  Right to Vote for Women › Suffrage is guaranteed to women who had been denied this right by state laws.
  7. 7.  Right to vote for District of Columbia in National Elections › Since Washington, D.C. is not in a state, it’s citizens did not have the right to vote in national elections. Washington, D.C. now has 3 Electoral Votes when choosing the President.
  8. 8.  Abolition of Poll Taxes › States avoided the 15th Amendment by requiring people to pay a fee in order to vote. Those who could not afford it could not vote. Typically, this was African- Americans. Vocabulary 1. Abolish:  To eliminate
  9. 9.  Suffrage Extended to age 18 › Eighteen becomes the legal voting age for all those who meet the citizenship requirements.

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