Martijn van Staveren "Feeling blue get green"
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Martijn van Staveren "Feeling blue get green"

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  • Example: (cutting off flood plains) Maeslantkering as prime example. I prefer to speak about a trend, because a process has a (by someone intended) certain goal or outcome. A trend has no clear trajectory as it could arise, but also again disappear.Represented by practices, policies and guidelines; facilitated by actors, structures, processes.
  • That’s also why ‘resilience’ is perhaps not the most clear example, as it is not really a conscious ecological application, but merely an interesting concept or metaphor that gives potential for newer and better approaches. Discussion on what is ‘green’? Sustainability, resilience, local practices? Light green, dark green. Viridian green.
  • Discussion on what is ‘green’? Sustainability, resilience, local practices? Light green, dark green. Viridian green.
  • In the Netherlands, the Oosterscheldekering marks for me the first large project that specifically incorporates green functions in flood management practices.
  • Example:MaeslantkeringTrend en geen process (datheeft outcomes)
  • Achterliggenderedenen van de trend. Which factors are conducive for the trend, which ones are obstructive
  • Systems theory: 1) allows for socio-ecological lens 2) dynamics in systems incl SES (Holling/Folke) and coupled with policy dynamicsPrefer to speak about strategies instead of policy, because that makes it applicable on all three levels.
  • Systems theory: 1) allows for socio-ecological lens 2) dynamics in systems incl SES (Holling/Folke) and coupled with policy dynamicsPrefer to speak about strategies instead of policy, because that makes it applicable on all three levels. It can also explain level interactions and the cyclical character of practices/approachesWhat exactly changes? The physical ecosystem, but also institutional setting, in this research it will be used to approach flood management approach by combining with policy dynamic tools
  • Systems theory: 1) allows for socio-ecological lens 2) dynamics in systems incl SES (Holling/Folke) and coupled with policy dynamicsPrefer to speak about strategies instead of policy, because that makes it applicable on all three levels.
  • Systems theory: 1) allows for socio-ecological lens 2) dynamics in systems incl SES (Holling/Folke) and coupled with policy dynamicsPrefer to speak about strategies instead of policy, because that makes it applicable on all three levels.
  • Three world deltas, case studies to be specified
  • Systems theory: 1) allows for socio-ecological lens 2) dynamics in systems incl SES (Holling/Folke) and coupled with theory/concepts/tools on policy dynamicsPrefer to speak about strategies instead of policy, because that makes it applicable on all three levels.
  • Systems theory: 1) allows for socio-ecological lens 2) dynamics in systems incl SES (Holling/Folke) and coupled with policy dynamicsPrefer to speak about strategies instead of policy, because that makes it applicable on all three levels.
  • \\

Martijn van Staveren "Feeling blue get green" Martijn van Staveren "Feeling blue get green" Presentation Transcript

  • Communities and Institutions for Flood Resilience Turning Tides?Feeling blue? Get green!The potential of ecology for flood management Martijn van Staveren, martijn.vanstaveren@wur.nl
  • Outline presentation• Motivation• Greening of flood management – framework• Exemplary delta: the Netherlands• Main research question (under development)• Theoretical background• Discussion/feedback from participants
  • Motivation• Over-dominant technological approach in flood management (‘blue’) led to a underestimation of ecological functions and awareness of its potential (‘green’)• A trend is now taking shape in which the role of the ecological system and its potential receives more attention• Why does this happen?
  • Greening of flood management - framework• I understand the greening of flood management as the conscious application of ecological principles in flood management strategies on different levels (local practices, national policies, international guidelines)• Two lines of thinking: considering the environment in solutions (EIA) versus departing from the environment/ecosystem in developing flood management strategies
  • Greening of flood management - framework
  • Exemplary delta: the Netherlands• Greening of flood management trend is taking shape on all levels o International guidelines: EU Framework Directive (2006) o National policy: Green Adaptation (+ niche-regimes) (2008) o Local practice: Ecoshape (amongst others) (2008 - 2012)• Based on preliminary findings, reasons for this are multiple, ranging from creative ideas, to CSR-inspired practices, spatial limitations for conventional methods, climate change adaptation policy measures, environmental awareness
  • Local practices/ideas
  • Main research question• Which key factors drive the greening of flood management strategies on local, national and international level?
  • Theoretical background• The socio-ecological flood management system as point of departure, as it integrates the physical system (delta including flood occurrence) and the social system (human responses to floods)• Combination of systems theory and concepts from policy change theory to address research question
  • Dynamics in socio-ecological systems• Interactive change in coupled socio-ecological systems (Gunderson, Holling, Folke)• Adaptive renewal cycles, resilience, and nestedness of micro and macro socio- ecological systems• What exactly changes?
  • Theory and concepts to explain policy dynamics • Transition management offers guidance in level interactions (Rotmans, van der Brugge) • Theory and concepts from policy theory to explain dynamics in strategy formulation (Meijerink) 1. Development of new ideas 2. Build coalitions to ‘sell’ ideas 3. Recognize and exploit windows of opportunity 4. Recognize, exploit, create and/or manipulate multiple venues 5. Orchestrate and manage networks
  • How to combine and conceptualize both? + = ?
  • Moderate system, regular Vietnam floods, amphibian culture Netherlands BangladeshStable system, rarely Highly dynamicfloods, risk culture system, continuous floods, flood culture
  • What did we learn so far in Bangladesh• There is a still a strong focus on technological engineering approaches (BWDB)• Attention for ecosystem-based solutions is noticed (WARPO). TRM as a local example, Green Water Defense (ADB) and Ecosystem-based Adaptation (World Bank) under development on international level, IUCN adopts a combined ecosystem-disaster-livelihood framework
  • Discussion/feedback from participants1. To which extent is a greening of flood management trend taking place in Bangladesh?2. Could you name a few examples in which the environment/ecosystem is used as a point of departure, to develop flood management strategies?
  • Local practices/ideas
  • Main research question• Which key factors drive the greening of flood management strategies on local, national and international level?