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IWRM Planning


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Presentation by Dr. Christopher Cox, Programme Director of the Caribbean Environmental Health Institute (CEHI) at the 5th Annual High Level Session of the Global Water Partnership-Caribbean (GWP-C).

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IWRM Planning

  1. 1. Integrated Water Resource Management Planning – Lessons and Future Directions Christopher Cox, PhD Programme Director Caribbean Environmental Health Institute Caribbean Water and Wastewater Association High Level Session St. Thomas, USVI 5th October 2009
  2. 2. Support to process <ul><li>GEF-IWCAM providing financing to develop “IWRM Roadmaps in countries </li></ul><ul><li>Technical and logistical support by CEHI </li></ul><ul><li>The Roadmap </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How do we prepare the plan; guidance document – lever resources, support to develop national IWRM Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NOTE: each tailored depending on needs </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. National approach – IWRM initial steps <ul><li>Visioning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National awareness workshop(s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify key issues; major strategic directions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Key policy drivers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Decide on approach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who takes lead? How to organize work. Most relevant stakeholders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Develop Roadmap </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defines why, what, who in context of IWRM Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IWRM roadmap is really a leverage document to seek specific support for development of main IWRM Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IWRM Plan </li></ul>
  4. 4. IWRM Roadmap: Plan for the process Vision Assessment Strategy IWRM Plan ” Roadmap ” The process: - from Vision to IWRM ” Plan ”
  5. 5. Where are we? <ul><li>Antigua and Barbuda </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WR Policy and Roadmap – under development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Barbados </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roadmap prepared </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To be presented at policy high-level Grenada </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roadmap prepared by CEHI; reviewed locally to make relevant to current needs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bahamas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commencement 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cuba, Dominican Republic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Governance workshops (to be determined) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dominica </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing institutional review – prepared main elements of IWRM roadmap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy developed; never adopted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project to support policy ratification; other needs identified in prior studies </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Where are we? <ul><li>Haiti </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support the HSDA initiative & watershed planning effort; environmental flows </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jamaica </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National symposium (Jan 2010) – id needs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Haiti </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support the HSDA initiative & watershed planning effort; environmental flows </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jamaica </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National symposium (Jan 2010) – id needs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>St. Kitts and Nevis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National IWRM awareness and visioning </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Where are we? <ul><li>St. Lucia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roadmap under preparation; initial draft submitted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical reviews to take place </li></ul></ul><ul><li>St. Vincent and the Grenadines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National awareness seminars – directions for targeted assistance (IWRM planning roadmap) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Union Island </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IWRM roadmap (costed) prepared by CEHI </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Who will drive from this point? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>On-ground activity being undertaken; rehabilitation of community RWH catchment – pressing need by stakeholders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Trinidad and Tobago </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To be determined (already working on a master plan) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. IWRM – relationship to LBS Protocol <ul><li>IWRM for SIDS is inclusive of both fresh and coastal water resources </li></ul><ul><li>Context of coastal waters – pollution abatement </li></ul><ul><li>LBS Protocol (Cartagena Convention) provides good framework </li></ul>
  9. 9. Challenges…lessons being learned <ul><li>Selling IWRM; concept is vague to most </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Perceived to be rather academic; tangibles not readily apparent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IWRM remains in realm of water and natural resource professionals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One size does not fit all </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Varying circumstances between countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geography (water regime), demographics, biodiversity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>How does it fit in day-to-day? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How does it affect a business bottom-line, what does it matter to communities? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What are the costs to implement? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Current national circumstances; can we afford dedicated resources? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource constraints – limits implementation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How realistic is the approach? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IWRM too ambitious to be understood? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maybe drive small but critical elements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Water-land management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Land management and administration creates dysfunction re: resource supply side </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Challenges…lessons being learned <ul><li>Needs skewed toward to service provision </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WRM perceived to deal mainly with water in the tap </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ecological aspects not well integrated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poorly understood or appreciated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mobilization needed at all levels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Private sector: water use efficiency; pollution control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil society: pollution control; water conservation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional: crafting policy; incentives; awareness raising </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilities: service provision; awareness raising </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Climate change provides a good entry point </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anticipate to be dramatic consequences for water availability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Force drive toward water security measures </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Where to next <ul><li>Solicit buy-in at highest levels </li></ul><ul><li>CWWA Ministerial HLS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness-raising; creating champions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CARICOM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consortium on water; Integrate work among CARICOM agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Streamlining work programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to interface with non-CARICOM agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Key COTED decision: Regional assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water availability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Constraints </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional and legislative aspects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clearinghouse mechanism </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Elements of a Caribbean Common Water Framework (or Regional Action Plan) <ul><li>CARICOM Consortium and allied agencies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning meeting in 2008; recent follow-up </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Key thematic areas (existing work focus): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity building: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>water resources and waste water management; operations (technical and business); policy formulation; monitoring & evaluation; applied research </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outreach and education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National awareness seminars; special events; publications (incl. web based); advocacy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical assistance and studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Applied research (many areas), water info systems; water safety planning; utility operations support; water augmentation; policy formulation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocacy and networking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Meetings and technical exchanges </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Elements of a Caribbean Common Water Framework (or Regional Action Plan) <ul><li>Gaps and opportunities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sanitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coastal waters management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water utility management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water augmentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land use planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participatory approaches to engage special interest groups in WRM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk management approaches </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Thank You…Questions Caribbean Environmental Health Institute P.O. Box 1111, The Morne Castries, St. Lucia Tel: 758 452-2501 Fax: 758 453-2721 E-mail: [email_address] Web: