Social and political organisationsEconomic resources, wealth, financial capitalInformation, technology, knowledgeNatural Resources and physical assets.
A transdisciplinary approach to understanding complex social problems in coastal ecosystem. By Dr. John Forrester from SEI York, UK
A transdisciplinary approach to understanding complex social problems in coastal ecosystems ...and of course thanks also to theEcosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) programme, funded by DfID, the ESRC, and NERC
The purpose (reminder & update)...partners in the UK, Kenya and in Bangladesh developing a conceptualframework to link ecosystem and livelihood domains to coastal resourceuse and management, and their implications for human well-being andpoverty alleviation:• How to represent social-ecological interactions across multiple scales producing feedbacks that pose challenges to sustainability of both the ecosystem services and the livelihoods that depend on these services.• How to learn from other uses of ABMs (e.g. In ecology... and also how to use ABMs to explore critical aspects of the social-ecological system).• How to use novel ideas (e.g. “structured subjectivity”) to allow actor data to inform models.• To investigate building ecosystem models that reflect actors’ “real” social data not just at static externalities but as dynamic and integral factors?
An integrative conceptual framework: “first cut” Ecosystem Services Actors’ choices feedback on each impact on ecosystem other services Ecosystem Actors’ Services Choices Ecosystem services feedback on actors’ Actors choices feedback on each other
What’s currently being modelled:Model of coastalecosystems and theirinter-relationshipsalongside theirinteractions withhuman actors andfeedbacks. Model of decision- make by human actors focusing on their attributes and inter- relationships alongside their interactions with the ecosystems.
What we did: a twin approach to modellingKISS KIDS
A twin approach to modelling: #1 ABMs• co-created & explored with local stakeholders:
The Actors within the ABM – ReAL-D... Resources, Actor Linkages, Decisions• What are the main resources* in the area that actors manage or use directly or indirectly (i.e. main resources for human well-being in the area)?• What are the ecological dynamics (i.e. trends or changes observed over time, both quantitative and qualitative)?• What are the current conditions of these resources?• How do human actions contribute or have led to the observed resource trends?* Social, Economic, Information, and Natural Resources (SEIN)
...the Actors within the ABM – ReAL-D Resources, Actor Linkages, DecisionsWhat actors play a role (or should play a role) in the management of coastaland marine ecosystems to improve human well-being and alleviate poverty?How influent are the actors onthe decision-making related tothe management and use ofmarine and coastal resourcesfor social and ecologicalbenefits?Can explore network densityand architecture, clusters,bridges, key actors andinfluence.
The Whole Ecosystem : practical problemsCan we describe ‘input’, ‘output’, and feedbacks of the system within thecontext of: global and national policies, markets, climate change, and changing demographics human activity and its impact upon ecosystem services The emerging state of the ecosystem itself: a continuum of o degrading, o maintaining, o improving conditions. Leading to our twin approach to modelling to provide an integrative framework...
A twin approach to modelling #2:Achieving the goal of ecosystem maintenance
A twin approach to modelling #2: achieving the goal of understanding poverty alleviation driversPerson State
Understanding ES & PA together• Validation is important: but can involve different things• Transdisciplinary understanding of modelling is inescapable• Models are both simulation tools and exploratory tools• Multiple models (within a single framework) are necessary • you cannot look at the coastal zone in isolation • models need to be modular