Resources Use and Human Actions in Coastal                  Bangladesh:Knowledge and Network for Sustainable   Natural Res...
Outline of the Presentation   Poverty Situation in the Coastal Bangladesh   Participatory Research and Consultations at ...
Poverty Situation in Coastal Bangladesh   Bangladesh is a small country with high    population and wide spread poverty  ...
WD-NACE Research Framework   WD-NACE looks at knowledge    structure, network and power relation    and how do they influ...
Participatory Research and            Consultations at Different Levels   Participatory    Research 3 Levels        Reso...
Key Resources in the Coastal Ecosystems   Key Resources in the Coastal    Ecosystems      Land, Water and Wetlands, Fore...
Current Trends of Resources Uses in              Coastal Ecosystems   Resources being used    Sustainably   Nepa Leaf (G...
Types of Actors and Human Actions   There are Multiple actors in relation to Coastal    Resources Uses and Management    ...
Types of Actors and Actions …Con.   Broad Categories of Human Actions are:        Collection, Uses and Management      ...
Network Architecture: Nature and Key                         Functions   Information and Knowledge Network       Sharing...
Local Level Actors and Stakeholder:       Horizontal and Vertical Linkages   Local and    Regional    Linkages        Ho...
Regional Level Actors and Stakeholder               Linkages
Regional Level Actors and Stakeholder               Linkages
National Level Actors and Stakeholder Linkages
National Level Actors and Stakeholder Linkages
National and Local Actors and    Stakeholder Linkages
Examples of few Decisions and theirImpacts on People and Ecosystems
Key Elements for Pro-poor Decision   Decisions at local, regional and national levels are to    be taken considering the ...
Key Areas for Urgent Actions, Research             and Knowledge Sharing/Network   Mangrove Forests (Sundarbans)        ...
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Resource use and human actions: Knowledge and Networks. By Dr. Dwijen Mallick from BCAS and Tahia Devisscher from SEI Oxford, UK

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Resource use and human actions: Knowledge and Networks. By Dr. Dwijen Mallick from BCAS and Tahia Devisscher from SEI Oxford, UK

  1. 1. Resources Use and Human Actions in Coastal Bangladesh:Knowledge and Network for Sustainable Natural Resources Management End Project Workshop of WD-NACE Date: 27 September 2012Venue: Welcome Collection Conference Centre, London Dwijen Mallick, Fellow of BCAS and Tahia Devisscher, Research Fellow of SEI, Oxford
  2. 2. Outline of the Presentation Poverty Situation in the Coastal Bangladesh Participatory Research and Consultations at 3 Levels  Resources Mapping, FGDs, KIIs and Knowledge and Network Analysis Resources Endowment in the Coastal Areas  Dynamics and Problems in Resources Use and Management Key Actors and Human Actions Network Architecture:  Horizontal and Vertical Linkages Decision Process and Impacts  Examples of Decisions Urgent Needs for Actions and Research  Functional Knowledge Network
  3. 3. Poverty Situation in Coastal Bangladesh Bangladesh is a small country with high population and wide spread poverty  BD made progress in poverty reduction in the recent years  Percentage of people living in poverty has come down to 32% in 2011 from 56.6% in 1990s (BBS)  But independent sources say, still over 40% people live in poverty  Of them 18% live in extreme poverty PRSP and FAO have shown the regional divide Large number of poor people live in environmentally degraded ecosystems  Riverine Charland (51%) and  Coastal districts (46%)
  4. 4. WD-NACE Research Framework WD-NACE looks at knowledge structure, network and power relation and how do they influence the behavior of actors and stakeholders for sustainable management of coastal resources and ecosystems The project tries to understand:  Resources endowment as well as the ecological and social dynamics  Actors, attributes and linkages; and  Decision process at local, regional and national levels  Knowledge and network for fair decision and sustainable management of NRs for poverty alleviation
  5. 5. Participatory Research and Consultations at Different Levels Participatory Research 3 Levels  Resources Mapping  FGDs with Resources Users and Actors Participatory Network Mapping/Analysis  Network density and Nature of Function  How do they influence and bridge among the actors and network members
  6. 6. Key Resources in the Coastal Ecosystems Key Resources in the Coastal Ecosystems  Land, Water and Wetlands, Forest (Sundarbans), Fisheries, Shrimp Farming, Agriculture, Embankments and Rural Infrastructure Social and Ecological Dynamics and Problems  Population, Poverty, over exploitation of forest and fisheries resources  Shrimp Farming and market forces  Salinity intrusion, high tide and coastal inundation, climate change and disasters Loss of agricultural productivity, food insecurity and malnutrition Scarcity of fresh water for drinking and domestic uses, health risks Loss of employment, economic activities and livelihoods
  7. 7. Current Trends of Resources Uses in Coastal Ecosystems Resources being used Sustainably Nepa Leaf (Gol Pata) and Crab cultivation Threshold level  Agriculture, Mangrove Forests (Sundarbans), Homestead Forests (Trees and Plants), portable water for drinking; polder and embankments Over Exploited  Rivers and fisheries, Shrimp farming, honey and forest products; wild lives
  8. 8. Types of Actors and Human Actions There are Multiple actors in relation to Coastal Resources Uses and Management  Community (farmers, Fishers, Forest Collectors, women) and Community Organizations Local Government Institutes and Govt. Departments  Union Parishad, Upazila Administration and line Departments: (Agriculture, Forest, Fisheries, DoE, Water Board, LGED, LGRD) Private Sectors: Trade and Business Banks and Financial Institutes NGOs and Development Agencies (BRAC, Grameen Bank, RDRS, Shushilan, Uttaran, World Vision, Caritas etc.) International Donors: AAB, Oxfam, WFP, FAO, UNDP, DFID, USAID, IPAC- Project Professional Group: Media and Human Right Groups
  9. 9. Types of Actors and Actions …Con. Broad Categories of Human Actions are:  Collection, Uses and Management  Implementation work for Conservation and Resource Management  Social Protection, Safety-net and DRR  HRD, Capacity Building and Training for Resources Conservation and Livelihood Promotion  Awareness and Information Dissemination  Legal Support and Human Right Protection  Financial Support and Micro-Credit Influential Actors  Government (high): Water Board, Department of Forest and Environment, LGRD, LGED, Upazila Parishad and Union Parishad  NGOs (medium) Like Shushilan, Caritas, Oxfam  Media and Human Right Groups have some level of influence
  10. 10. Network Architecture: Nature and Key Functions Information and Knowledge Network  Sharing knowledge and information  Advocacy and guidance between and across Capacity Network  Supporting each other for implementation of project and activities  Enforcement of regulation and laws for conservation and management of resources Information and Knowledge Network (mainly NGOs) are generally dense and have proximity with the actors Cohesion of capacity networks (of Govt. and NGOs) is lower and the capacity support flows tend to be top-down and uni- directional There are clusters and sub-groups of actors who have bridging ties between and across the actors and stakeholders
  11. 11. Local Level Actors and Stakeholder: Horizontal and Vertical Linkages Local and Regional Linkages  Horizontal and Vertical Linkages
  12. 12. Regional Level Actors and Stakeholder Linkages
  13. 13. Regional Level Actors and Stakeholder Linkages
  14. 14. National Level Actors and Stakeholder Linkages
  15. 15. National Level Actors and Stakeholder Linkages
  16. 16. National and Local Actors and Stakeholder Linkages
  17. 17. Examples of few Decisions and theirImpacts on People and Ecosystems
  18. 18. Key Elements for Pro-poor Decision Decisions at local, regional and national levels are to be taken considering the stakes and interests of all stakeholders and actors  Both ecological (conservation and regeneration) and social benefits (Employment, income, livelihood and poverty alleviation) must the considered Decisions making is very often influenced power-elites Making decisions that benefit the poor and marginal communities is difficult  Strong Linkage (vertical and horizontal) and networks of actors and stakeholders can help taking fair and just decision  Institutional integration is very crucial for fair decision  Participation of the Poor and Marginal Groups Knowledge and information are key input for Whole Decision process  Both socio-economic, ecological as well as qualitative and quantitative information are required for good decisions
  19. 19. Key Areas for Urgent Actions, Research and Knowledge Sharing/Network Mangrove Forests (Sundarbans)  Resources Conservation  Co-Management  Ecological Adaptation  Alternative Livelihoods Wetlands and Fisheries  Understanding impacts of CC on fish and wetland bio-resources  Conservation of fishes and aquatic resources  Alterative livelihood for the fishers and fry collectors Addressing salinity, drinking water and health risk management Agriculture and Food security (R&D; new varieties of crops and better farm management) Social Protection, DRR and CCA  Capacity building, Knowledge and network, technology and institutional support
  20. 20. Thanks

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