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Blood Pressure


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This presentation briefly gives an overview of the problem of bood pressure, what causes it, its side-effects and how to treat it. It raises a pertinent question, whether managing blood pressure with …

This presentation briefly gives an overview of the problem of bood pressure, what causes it, its side-effects and how to treat it. It raises a pertinent question, whether managing blood pressure with common drugs availabe is really overcoming the disease? If no, suggests an alternative through good lifestyle, better immunity and taking good nutritional food. Suggests taking Aloe Vera regularly as one alternate method.

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  • 1.  
  • 2. Blood pressure : It is the force that the blood circulating in our blood vessels exerts on its walls. It decreases as the blood moves through the arteries, the capillaries, and the veins. Blood pressure is the arterial pressure in the larger arteries Dr. Sunita Gupta
  • 3. The measure of blood pressure: It is not a static figure. It changes in response to a person’s stress, nutritional factors, drugs, or diseases he has. It also varies between heartbeats High blood pressure, or Hypertension , It is a medical condition in which the blood pressure becomes chronically elevated. Low blood pressure, or hypotension It is a medical condition, in which a person’s blood pressure falls much below the normal levels. Dr. Sunita Gupta
  • 4. Typical values for blood pressure
    • There are several categories of blood pressure,
    Category of Blood pressure Systolic (mmHg) Diastolic. (mmHg) Optimal Up to 120 
      • Up to 80
    Normal 120-129 80-89 Mild hypertension 130-159 90-99 Moderate hypertension 160 - 179 100 -109 Severe Hypertension Above 180 Above 110
  • 5.
    • Hypertension can be classified either
      • Essential (primary),
      • Secondary, or
      • Pregnancy induced
    Dr. Sunita Gupta
  • 6.
    • Primary hypertension:
    • This type of hypertension is common amongst 91% of adults, and shows no clear cause to explain a patient's condition.
        • Often, metabolic insulin resistance "syndrome X" occurs in patients with primary hypertension in combination with
          • type 2 diabetes mellitus,
          • hyperlipidemia and
          • central obesity.
    Dr. Sunita Gupta
  • 7.
    • Secondary hypertension
    • It is more common among preadolescent children.
    • Most cases are caused due to renal disease and hormonal problems.
    • Pregnancy induced :
    • It occurs in pregnant women during the 1 st , 2 nd or 3 rd trimester of their pregnancy
    Dr. Sunita Gupta
  • 8.
    • Hypertension is detected only through a chance blood pressure checkup test.
    • It has no clear symptoms
    • However, people during the beginning, or before hypertension is diagnosed, report:
      • headaches,
      • fatigue,
      • dizziness,
      • blurred vision,
      • facial flushing,
      • difficulty sleeping due to feeling hot
      • insomnia, or
      • tinnitus.
    • .
    Dr. Sunita Gupta
  • 9.
    • The late phase of hypertension (accelerated or malignant hypertension) is characterized by
      • headaches,
      • Confusion and mental tension,
      • stress and anxiety.
      • nausea and vomiting
      • visual disturbances and blurred vision and
      • end-organ damage.
    Dr. Sunita Gupta
  • 10.
    • Several factors and conditions play a role in the development of hypertension:
        • Smoking
        • Being overweight
        • Lack of physical activity
        • Too much salt in the diet
        • Too much alcohol consumption
        • Stress
        • Older age
        • Genetics
        • Family history of high blood pressure
        • Chronic kidney disease
        • Adrenal and thyroid disorders
    Dr. Sunita Gupta
  • 11.
    • Preliminary tests are necessary to identify:
    • possible causes of secondary hypertension, and
    • to seek evidence for any end-organ damage to
      • the heart
      • the eyes (retina) and
      • kidneys.
    • Additional risk factors must also be tested for
      • Diabetes
      • raised cholesterol levels and
      • development of cardiovascular disease
    Dr. Sunita Gupta
  • 12.
    • Blood tests include:
      • Creatinine (renal function)
      • Electrolytes (sodium, potassium)
      • Glucose - to identify diabetes mellitus
      • Cholesterol
    • Additional tests required:
      • Urine Test for proteinuria.
      • Electrocardiogram (ECG) – to access normal heart function.
      • Chest X-ray - for signs of cardiac enlargement or evidence of cardiac failure.
    Dr. Sunita Gupta
  • 13. Dr. Sunita Gupta
  • 14. Dr. Sunita Gupta
  • 15.
  • 16.
    • Hypertension is a serious condition that can damage the heart and blood vessels, and can eventually lead to several other conditions, including:
      • Stroke
      • Heart failure
      • Heart attack
      • Kidney failure
      • Vision problems
    Dr. Sunita Gupta
  • 17.
      • often multiple drugs are necessary to control blood pressure adequately
      • The aim of hypertension treatment for most patients - to control blood pressure to
      • <140/90 mmHg and
      • Keeping it below 120/80 mmHg for cases with
        • diabetes or
        • kidney disease
    Dr. Sunita Gupta
  • 18.
    • Thus the treatment of a hypertensive patient can be:
      • Non-pharmacologic treatment – with Lifestyle changes
      • Through medications
    Dr. Sunita Gupta
  • 19.
    • for treating mild to moderate hypertension:
    • Weight reduction and regular exercise ( like, jogging).
    • Reducing Sugar in diet
    • Reducing sodium (salt) in the diet decreases blood pressure in about 60% of people
    • Increasing daily calcium intake has been shown to be highly effective in reducing blood pressure.
    Dr. Sunita Gupta
  • 20.
    • Discontinuing tobacco use reduces the risk of stroke and heart attack.
    • Discontinuing alcohol consumption
    • Discontinuing Coffee (caffeine) (its use does not produce chronic hypertension).
    • Additional dietary changes, like taking
      • fruits and vegetables and
      • low fat or fat-free dairy foods
    Dr. Sunita Gupta These are all beneficial in reducing high blood pressure.
  • 21. Dr. Sunita Gupta Eat lots of fruits and vegetables HEALTHY FOOD PYRAMID
  • 22.
      • Relaxation therapy reduces environmental stress, like from
        • meditation,
        • reducing high sound levels and over-illumination.
        • Muscle Relaxation
        • paced breathing
    Dr. Sunita Gupta Life Style changes can reduce the blood pressure to a safe level, But Drug Therapy can still not be avoided.
  • 23.
    • When hypertension is mild or severe, a suitable drug therapy, as recommended by doctor and lifestyle changes
    • need to go on side by side
    • This may reduce the blood pressure even by 5-6 mmHg, which can thus decrease the risk of
      • stroke by 40%,
      • coronary heart disease by 15-20%,
      • dementia, heart failure, and mortality from vascular disease.
    Dr. Sunita Gupta
      • So taking proper and regular medication, as advised, at best
  • 24. Healthy Lifestyle Change drugs, Measure If side-effects Blood-pressure develop Treat with drugs If remains high, add more drugs Dr. Sunita Gupta
  • 25.
    • Yes, one can. But, how?
    The answer my friend, is to make your own body system strong to fight the same root cause that triggers such a disease Solution: Build your body’s immunity to diseases . Conclusion: Diseases are caused because our body has lost strength and ability to fight external factors triggering disease, or body has developed immune deficiency! Dr. Sunita Gupta Yes/ No ?
  • 26.
    • An immune system is a mechanism of organs, cells and chemicals that
      • differentiates “self” from “external”,
      • identifies potential dangers and eliminates them through an immune response.
    • Some infections cause
      • No harm,
      • serious diseases,
      • permanent damage to your body and
      • death (sometimes).
    Dr. Sunita Gupta
    • Disorders in the immune system can result in
      • Serious diseases, and also
      • Death.
  • 27. Dr. Sunita Gupta
    • Immune deficiency is a state in which the ability of our body’s immune system to fight diseases is either compromised or entirely absent .
  • 28.
    • Two of the most common causes of immune deficiency.
      • Diets with insufficient protein
      • M A L N U T R I T I O N
    Dr. Sunita Gupta
  • 29. Link between poor nutrition and immune deficiency
        • deficiency of many nutrients
    • And also….
      • iron;
      • copper;
      • zinc;
      • selenium; and others
      • vitamins A, C, E,
      • Vitamin B6
      • Vitamin B12;
      • vitamin B9 (folic acid)
      • and other essential supplements.
      • Genetic mutation
      • Surgeries, leading to greater chances of infection.
      • Damaged cells,
      • Poor blood cell function and
      • Poor antibody concentrations
    Dr. Sunita Gupta Poor immunity is therefore due to….
  • 30. What can improve our immunity?
    • Things to avoid
    • Things you should take
    • Sugar
    • Coffee
    • Alcohol
    • Tobacco
    • Raw meat and food
    • Fats and oils
    • Allergy causing foods
    • Whole grains
    • Fresh fruits
    • Herbs and Vegetables, especially green and leafy
    • Proteins
    • Mineral and vitamin supplements
    • Anti-oxidants
    Dr. Sunita Gupta Which one product that nature produces contains all “should take” things in it?
  • 31. Dr. Sunita Gupta
    • Aloe Vera contains
    • 200 nutrients
    • 21 amino acids
    • Anti-septic agents
    • Anti-microbial agents
    • Vitamin B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, C, D, E
    • Carbohydrates
    • 28 Different minerals
    • All enzymes the body needs
    • Fibres
    Aloe Vera the only naturally available source of all immunity enhancing nutrients
  • 32. What makes Aloe Vera a wonder plant?
    • Cleaning toxins and dead cells from the body
    • Healing and regenerating the sick cells
    • Nourishing
      • the cells,
      • the tissues,
      • the organs,
      • the systems, and
      • the body .
    • Improving the absorption and assimilation nutrients power of body
    Dr. Sunita Gupta
  • 33.
    • 300 verities of Aloe Vera
    • 11 of them poisonous
    • Only 4 possess medicinal properties
    • Only The Barbados Miller variety out of the 4, used by FLP contains maximum useful nutrients and medicinal constituents
    • 475 samples of Aloe Vera produced commercially
    • Only 1 of the samples contains 85 %Aloe Vera:
      • 1 (FLP) (0.02%) 85 %
      • 1 (FLP) (0.02%) 95%
      • 9 ( 1.8%) 41-50%
      • 62 (13%) 31-40%
      • 190 (40%) 11-30%
      • 213 (45%) 0-10%
    Dr. Sunita Gupta Which Aloe Vera to take, which one you will choose, is evident
  • 34. Our Choice Will it your Choice too?
  • 35.
    • The doctor of the future will give no medicine. He will rather interest his patients in the care of human frame, diet, and the cause and prevention of disease.
    • Thomas Alva Edison
    Dr. Sunita Gupta THANK YOU