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Internet tips lewis 2013

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30 minute overview of the internet and how to efficiently search it

30 minute overview of the internet and how to efficiently search it

Published in: Technology, Design

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  • Anne Langley - Princeton University Libraries 09/24/13
  • Transcript

    • 1. What is the Internet What: How Big: Who creates it: How to use it: Use a search engine and natural language and specialized search language Why:
    • 2. What is the internet? • A whole bunch of computers connected together • Files written in Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) can be read on a • Web browser using a Graphical User Interface (GUI) • So when you use the interface you are really just looking at files stored on another computer somewhere in the world
    • 3. Some other terminology • URL – universal resource locator • DOI – document identifier • index.html – main page or index page in a web file directory • Browser – the software that can display internet files • Search engine – software that can search and index files on the web • Web bot, or bot – software that harvests information from the web for search engines • .edu .gov .edu .com – domains in a URL • IP address – Internet Protocol, the network a computer belongs to – a Princeton IP address
    • 4. Two kinds of searches 1 You know what you are looking for. “I have a DOI (Document Identifier), or URL (Universal Resource Locator).” 1 You are looking for something but you don’t know what you will find. “I need information about _____.”
    • 5. Tips for the first kind of searching - URLs • You don’t have to include http:// when searching, just use the domain, ie. library.princeton.edu • URLs have separate parts, the first part – library.princeton.edu is called the domain – Everything that comes after it, is really just file names in a file structure. You can use this information to navigate back to the larger website from a page you are on. – smittenkitchen.com/blog/2008/09/moms-apple-cake/ – By working backwards, the recipe for moms apple cake is a file in the 09 folder, from the 2008 folder, in the blog folder of the domain smittenkitchen.com
    • 6. Tips for the second kind of searching • Google is constantly improving, so the best palec to go to find out how to use Google, is their own site • www.google.com/insidesearch/tipstricks/in dex.html • My favorites - exact phrase searching, definition, spelling, searching Princeton website, currency conversions. There are lots – experiment!
    • 7. What if something is no longer there? • The wayback machine! • An internet archive – web.archive.org • Go here to find web pages that have been removed from the internet
    • 8. A few more tips • Use Google to find things on any site that is badly organized or indexed • If you have a bad citation, enter the title in quotations, as a Google search, and you may be able to find the correct citation • Parts of the Internet have controlled access, you may not be able to access everything, depending on what domain your computer is part of -