THE OPIUM WARS
This is the opium poppy
• Opium is the sap from the opium poppy seed pod What is opium?
• Opium is the sap from the opium poppy seed pod • Narcotic What is opium?
• Opium is the sap from the opium poppy seed pod • Narcotic • It’s usually smoked. What is opium?
• Opium is the sap from the opium poppy seed pod • Narcotic • It’s usually smoked. • Used to make morphine, demerol, metha...
Most opium was grown in India and Turkey and Traded by the British East  India Company
China had silk, tea, and porcelain. China with its 300 million people was self-sufficient.
<ul><li>British East India Company smuggled opium into China in order to get the 3 commodities. </li></ul><ul><li>China tr...
<ul><li>1841- War broke out </li></ul>
<ul><li>  UNEQUAL </li></ul><ul><li>TREATY </li></ul><ul><li>• 1+0 </li></ul>1842 TREATY OF NANJING
<ul><li>1.   Chinese paid British war losses (reparations) </li></ul>1842 TREATY OF NANJING
<ul><li>1 .   Chinese paid British war losses (reparations) </li></ul><ul><li>2.  British citizens living in China gained ...
<ul><li>1.   Chinese paid British war losses  (reparations) </li></ul><ul><li>2.  British citizens living in China gained ...
<ul><li>1.   Chinese paid British war losses (reparations) </li></ul><ul><li>2.  British citizens living in China gained  ...
<ul><li>1 .   Chinese paid British war losses (reparations) </li></ul><ul><li>2.  British citizens living in China gained ...
 
Hong Kong <ul><li>1900 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Today </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
TREATY  PORTS TIENTSIN
<ul><li>CIVIL WAR </li></ul><ul><li>Cause:  Weakness from Treaty of Nanjing </li></ul><ul><li>Time:  1850-1864 </li></ul><...
<ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OPEN    DOOR </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>POLICY </li></ul></ul></ul></ul...
The Dowager Empress  Cuxi
<ul><li>BRITISH and FRENCH against the CHINESE </li></ul>SECOND OPIUM WAR
<ul><li>BRITISH and FRENCH against the CHINESE </li></ul><ul><li>1857-1860 </li></ul>SECOND OPIUM WAR
<ul><li>BRITISH and FRENCH against the CHINESE </li></ul><ul><li>1857-1860 </li></ul><ul><li>In  Convention of Beijing,  B...
<ul><li>Righteous and Harmonious Fists </li></ul>BOXER  REBELLION
<ul><li>Righteous and Harmonious Fists </li></ul><ul><li>Attacks on foreigners </li></ul>BOXER  REBELLION
<ul><li>Righteous and Harmonious Fists </li></ul><ul><li>Attacks on foreigners </li></ul><ul><li>European multinational fo...
Hong Kong was returned to China in 1997. Macao was returned in 1999.
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Opium Wars

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Opium Wars

  1. 1. THE OPIUM WARS
  2. 2. This is the opium poppy
  3. 3. • Opium is the sap from the opium poppy seed pod What is opium?
  4. 4. • Opium is the sap from the opium poppy seed pod • Narcotic What is opium?
  5. 5. • Opium is the sap from the opium poppy seed pod • Narcotic • It’s usually smoked. What is opium?
  6. 6. • Opium is the sap from the opium poppy seed pod • Narcotic • It’s usually smoked. • Used to make morphine, demerol, methadone What is opium?
  7. 7. Most opium was grown in India and Turkey and Traded by the British East India Company
  8. 8. China had silk, tea, and porcelain. China with its 300 million people was self-sufficient.
  9. 9. <ul><li>British East India Company smuggled opium into China in order to get the 3 commodities. </li></ul><ul><li>China tried to stop the trade. </li></ul>The First Opium War
  10. 10. <ul><li>1841- War broke out </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li> UNEQUAL </li></ul><ul><li>TREATY </li></ul><ul><li>• 1+0 </li></ul>1842 TREATY OF NANJING
  12. 12. <ul><li>1. Chinese paid British war losses (reparations) </li></ul>1842 TREATY OF NANJING
  13. 13. <ul><li>1 . Chinese paid British war losses (reparations) </li></ul><ul><li>2. British citizens living in China gained extraterritoriality . </li></ul>1842 TREATY OF NANJING
  14. 14. <ul><li>1. Chinese paid British war losses (reparations) </li></ul><ul><li>2. British citizens living in China gained extraterritoriality . </li></ul><ul><li>3. Weakened the Qing (Manchu) Dynasty over next 60 years. </li></ul>1842 TREATY OF NANJING
  15. 15. <ul><li>1. Chinese paid British war losses (reparations) </li></ul><ul><li>2. British citizens living in China gained extraterritoriality . </li></ul><ul><li>3. Weakened the Qing (Manchu) Dynasty over next 60 years. </li></ul><ul><li>4. BRITISH GAINED THE ISLAND OF </li></ul><ul><li>HONG KONG. </li></ul>1842 TREATY OF NANJING
  16. 16. <ul><li>1 . Chinese paid British war losses (reparations) </li></ul><ul><li>2. British citizens living in China gained extraterritoriality . </li></ul><ul><li>3. Weakened the Qing (Manchu) Dynasty over next 60 years. </li></ul><ul><li>4. BRITISH GAINED THE ISLAND OF </li></ul><ul><li>HONG KONG. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Treaty ports- Shanghai + 11 others </li></ul>1842 TREATY OF NANJING
  17. 18. Hong Kong <ul><li>1900 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Today </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 19. TREATY PORTS TIENTSIN
  19. 20. <ul><li>CIVIL WAR </li></ul><ul><li>Cause: Weakness from Treaty of Nanjing </li></ul><ul><li>Time: 1850-1864 </li></ul><ul><li>Leader: Hung Hsiu-ch’uan </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths: 20 million </li></ul>Taiping Rebellion
  20. 21. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OPEN DOOR </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>POLICY </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>THE UNITED STATES
  21. 22. The Dowager Empress Cuxi
  22. 23. <ul><li>BRITISH and FRENCH against the CHINESE </li></ul>SECOND OPIUM WAR
  23. 24. <ul><li>BRITISH and FRENCH against the CHINESE </li></ul><ul><li>1857-1860 </li></ul>SECOND OPIUM WAR
  24. 25. <ul><li>BRITISH and FRENCH against the CHINESE </li></ul><ul><li>1857-1860 </li></ul><ul><li>In Convention of Beijing, Britain got Kowloon Peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Legalized the opium trade </li></ul>SECOND OPIUM WAR
  25. 26. <ul><li>Righteous and Harmonious Fists </li></ul>BOXER REBELLION
  26. 27. <ul><li>Righteous and Harmonious Fists </li></ul><ul><li>Attacks on foreigners </li></ul>BOXER REBELLION
  27. 28. <ul><li>Righteous and Harmonious Fists </li></ul><ul><li>Attacks on foreigners </li></ul><ul><li>European multinational force </li></ul>BOXER REBELLION
  28. 29. Hong Kong was returned to China in 1997. Macao was returned in 1999.
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