Opium Wars
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  • 1. THE OPIUM WARS
  • 2. This is the opium poppy
  • 3. • Opium is the sap from the opium poppy seed pod What is opium?
  • 4. • Opium is the sap from the opium poppy seed pod • Narcotic What is opium?
  • 5. • Opium is the sap from the opium poppy seed pod • Narcotic • It’s usually smoked. What is opium?
  • 6. • Opium is the sap from the opium poppy seed pod • Narcotic • It’s usually smoked. • Used to make morphine, demerol, methadone What is opium?
  • 7. Most opium was grown in India and Turkey and Traded by the British East India Company
  • 8. China had silk, tea, and porcelain. China with its 300 million people was self-sufficient.
  • 9.
    • British East India Company smuggled opium into China in order to get the 3 commodities.
    • China tried to stop the trade.
    The First Opium War
  • 10.
    • 1841- War broke out
  • 11.
    • UNEQUAL
    • TREATY
    • • 1+0
    1842 TREATY OF NANJING
  • 12.
    • 1. Chinese paid British war losses (reparations)
    1842 TREATY OF NANJING
  • 13.
    • 1 . Chinese paid British war losses (reparations)
    • 2. British citizens living in China gained extraterritoriality .
    1842 TREATY OF NANJING
  • 14.
    • 1. Chinese paid British war losses (reparations)
    • 2. British citizens living in China gained extraterritoriality .
    • 3. Weakened the Qing (Manchu) Dynasty over next 60 years.
    1842 TREATY OF NANJING
  • 15.
    • 1. Chinese paid British war losses (reparations)
    • 2. British citizens living in China gained extraterritoriality .
    • 3. Weakened the Qing (Manchu) Dynasty over next 60 years.
    • 4. BRITISH GAINED THE ISLAND OF
    • HONG KONG.
    1842 TREATY OF NANJING
  • 16.
    • 1 . Chinese paid British war losses (reparations)
    • 2. British citizens living in China gained extraterritoriality .
    • 3. Weakened the Qing (Manchu) Dynasty over next 60 years.
    • 4. BRITISH GAINED THE ISLAND OF
    • HONG KONG.
    • 5. Treaty ports- Shanghai + 11 others
    1842 TREATY OF NANJING
  • 17.  
  • 18. Hong Kong
    • 1900
            • Today
  • 19. TREATY PORTS TIENTSIN
  • 20.
    • CIVIL WAR
    • Cause: Weakness from Treaty of Nanjing
    • Time: 1850-1864
    • Leader: Hung Hsiu-ch’uan
    • Deaths: 20 million
    Taiping Rebellion
  • 21.
            • OPEN DOOR
            • POLICY
    THE UNITED STATES
  • 22. The Dowager Empress Cuxi
  • 23.
    • BRITISH and FRENCH against the CHINESE
    SECOND OPIUM WAR
  • 24.
    • BRITISH and FRENCH against the CHINESE
    • 1857-1860
    SECOND OPIUM WAR
  • 25.
    • BRITISH and FRENCH against the CHINESE
    • 1857-1860
    • In Convention of Beijing, Britain got Kowloon Peninsula
    • Legalized the opium trade
    SECOND OPIUM WAR
  • 26.
    • Righteous and Harmonious Fists
    BOXER REBELLION
  • 27.
    • Righteous and Harmonious Fists
    • Attacks on foreigners
    BOXER REBELLION
  • 28.
    • Righteous and Harmonious Fists
    • Attacks on foreigners
    • European multinational force
    BOXER REBELLION
  • 29. Hong Kong was returned to China in 1997. Macao was returned in 1999.