Uncle Sam says: I occasionally do a little boxing, myself.
Imperialism china, japan 1750 1914 - 2014 updated
NatioNalism &NatioNalism &
iN ChiNa aNdiN ChiNa aNd
JapaN, 1815-1915JapaN, 1815-1915
China closed to
-One port open
Opium WarOpium War
British determined to break Chinese trade isolation
Sell Opiumin ChinaSell Opiumin China:
to create certaincertain demand, and
to avoid spending gold and silver
for Chinese products.
By 1838 about 40,000 chests of
opium shipped to China per year.
New Manchu law:New Manchu law:
NO MORENO MORE
OPIUM SALEOPIUM SALE
OR USE INOR USE IN
1839 - Chinese seized & destroyed
British opium in Canton harbor.
British government considered this
an ACT of WAR!!!ACT of WAR!!!
1839-1842- “First Opium War”
Treaty of Nanjing =Treaty of Nanjing = FirstFirst
““UNEQUAL TREATYUNEQUAL TREATY””
The British acquired Hong Kong as a colony,
not just trading rights!
ExtraterritorialityExtraterritoriality: British in China
would be subject to British laws only; not
Korea, Vietnam and Burma were
released from Chinese tributary relationship
Silver began flowing outout of China.
Missionaries permitted to teach
British gained rights to create more opium
Other countries wanted same
privileges more “unequal”
““SPHERES ofSPHERES of
European nations’ exclusive
trading rights to parts of
subjugation and humiliation
of China for 100 years.
ALL OF CHINA forced to OPEN TOALL OF CHINA forced to OPEN TO
EUROPEAN RELIGION & TRADEEUROPEAN RELIGION & TRADE
World sawWorld saw
unable tounable to
keep Britishkeep British
out: weak.out: weak.
Taiping RebellionTaiping Rebellion (1850-1864)
&& Boxer RebellionBoxer Rebellion (1900)
ChineseChinese NATIONALISNATIONALIST “secret societies”T “secret societies”
Tried to drive out theTried to drive out the WesternersWesterners &&
overthrow theoverthrow the ManchuManchu.
Put down byPut down by Western troopsWestern troops..
Why did the West want the ManchuWhy did the West want the Manchu
““in power?”in power?”
Mandate of Heaven
1. Taiping1. Taiping
Village schoolteacher who hated Manchu
Claimed to be the brother of Jesus
Wanted to abolish private property and give equality for
Nationalistic UprisingNationalistic Uprising
Expel declining Qing Dynasty (Manchu)
His armies captured Nanjing; almost took Beijing
20-30 million killed.
2.2. Boxer Rebellion 1899-1900Boxer Rebellion 1899-1900
Wanted Expulsion of allWanted Expulsion of all
Foreigners from ChinaForeigners from China
Japanese, Russian, German, American, British,Japanese, Russian, German, American, British,
Italian and Austro-Hungarian troops put downItalian and Austro-Hungarian troops put down
the uprisingthe uprising END of QING DYNASTY!END of QING DYNASTY!
US Open Door PolicyUS Open Door Policy (1900)
Wanted same rights for
the US: “Me, too!”“Me, too!”
US pledged to “protect the“protect the
integrity of China.”integrity of China.” (Wassat?)
The American public saw
this as “a treaty of
friendship and trade with
The “The Last Emperor”The “The Last Emperor”
Pu Yi (1908-1911)Pu Yi (1908-1911)
Was replaced by a
Republic: 1911Republic: 1911
under the leadership
Sun Yat-senSun Yat-sen
Video: “The Last
Sun Yat-senSun Yat-sen
Founded the Republic
of China based on the
“Three Principles of the
By 1914,By 1914,
had ended its isolation,had ended its isolation,
ended its dynastic period,ended its dynastic period,
and become a republic.and become a republic.
It was not industrialized, norIt was not industrialized, nor
was it imperial.was it imperial.
Matthew Perry & USMatthew Perry & US
1853: U.S. sent a fleet to end Japan’s self-
imposed isolation & open it to trade.
Britain, Russia, and Holland later negotiated
similar trade treaties with Japan.
The intrusion of the West = turning point for
The Tokugawa shogunateTokugawa shogunate
overthrownoverthrown for allowing
western nations into Japan!.
Meiji means “enlightened
Tozama Daimyo, Industrial Leaders &Tozama Daimyo, Industrial Leaders &
Wealthy Farmers overthrew theWealthy Farmers overthrew the
Tokugawa ShogunateTokugawa Shogunate..
New government based on
Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) &Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) &
Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905))
Cause: Conflict over Korea
Results: Japan won and increased its
influence in Korea & took Taiwan.
Cause: Conflict over Korea & Manchuria
Japan won and increased its influence
in these areas.
Japan’s global respect & prestigeJapan’s global respect & prestige
increased… and so did theirincreased… and so did their
CONFIDENCE as players on the worldCONFIDENCE as players on the world
Annexation of KoreaAnnexation of Korea
Japan forced Korea into colonialforced Korea into colonial
statusstatus and took total control of
its government and society from
By 1914,By 1914,
Japan had become anJapan had become an
industrialized nationindustrialized nation,,
a regionala regional militarymilitary &&