Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Imperialism china, japan 1750 1914 - 2014 updated


Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Imperialism china, japan 1750 1914 - 2014 updated

  1. 1. NatioNalism &NatioNalism & imperialismimperialism iN ChiNa aNdiN ChiNa aNd JapaN, 1815-1915JapaN, 1815-1915
  2. 2. CHINA Manchu Emperor: Qing Dynasty China closed to Foreign Trade: -One port open -Limited Access -Silver only
  3. 3. Opium WarOpium War (1839-1842)(1839-1842) Causes:Causes:  British determined to break Chinese trade isolation Sell Opiumin ChinaSell Opiumin China: to create certaincertain demand, and to avoid spending gold and silver for Chinese products.
  4. 4. Opium!Opium!  By 1838 about 40,000 chests of opium shipped to China per year. New Manchu law:New Manchu law: NO MORENO MORE OPIUM SALEOPIUM SALE OR USE INOR USE IN CHINA!CHINA!  1839 - Chinese seized & destroyed British opium in Canton harbor.  British government considered this an ACT of WAR!!!ACT of WAR!!!  1839-1842- “First Opium War”
  5. 5. OpiumOpium WarWarss Treaty of Nanjing =Treaty of Nanjing = FirstFirst ““UNEQUAL TREATYUNEQUAL TREATY””  The British acquired Hong Kong as a colony, not just trading rights! ExtraterritorialityExtraterritoriality: British in China would be subject to British laws only; not Chinese.  Korea, Vietnam and Burma were released from Chinese tributary relationship /control  Silver began flowing outout of China.  Missionaries permitted to teach Christianity.  British gained rights to create more opium addicts!
  6. 6. Other countries wanted same privileges  more “unequal” treaties ““SPHERES ofSPHERES of  INFLUENCEINFLUENCE”” European nations’ exclusive trading rights to parts of China. subjugation and humiliation of China for 100 years.
  8. 8. Significance? World sawWorld saw ChinaChina unable tounable to keep Britishkeep British out: weak.out: weak. ChineseChinese themselvesthemselves overthrewoverthrew thethe Manchu…Manchu…
  9. 9. Taiping RebellionTaiping Rebellion (1850-1864) && Boxer RebellionBoxer Rebellion (1900)  ChineseChinese NATIONALISNATIONALIST “secret societies”T “secret societies”  Tried to drive out theTried to drive out the WesternersWesterners &&  overthrow theoverthrow the ManchuManchu. Put down byPut down by Western troopsWestern troops.. Why did the West want the ManchuWhy did the West want the Manchu ““in power?”in power?” Mandate of Heaven
  10. 10. 1. Taiping1. Taiping RebellionRebellion  Hong Xiuquan  Village schoolteacher who hated Manchu  Claimed to be the brother of Jesus  Wanted to abolish private property and give equality for women Nationalistic UprisingNationalistic Uprising Expel foreigners Expel declining Qing Dynasty (Manchu)  His armies captured Nanjing; almost took Beijing  20-30 million killed.
  11. 11. 2.2. Boxer Rebellion 1899-1900Boxer Rebellion 1899-1900 *NATIONALISTS**NATIONALISTS* Wanted Expulsion of allWanted Expulsion of all Foreigners from ChinaForeigners from China Japanese, Russian, German, American, British,Japanese, Russian, German, American, British, Italian and Austro-Hungarian troops put downItalian and Austro-Hungarian troops put down the uprisingthe uprising  END of QING DYNASTY!END of QING DYNASTY!
  12. 12. US Open Door PolicyUS Open Door Policy (1900) Wanted same rights for the US: “Me, too!”“Me, too!” US pledged to “protect the“protect the integrity of China.”integrity of China.” (Wassat?) The American public saw this as “a treaty of friendship and trade with China” …
  13. 13. The “The Last Emperor”The “The Last Emperor” Pu Yi (1908-1911)Pu Yi (1908-1911) Was replaced by a Republic: 1911Republic: 1911 under the leadership of Sun Yat-senSun Yat-sen Video: “The Last Emperor” rated R
  14. 14. Sun Yat-senSun Yat-sen  Founded the Republic of China based on the “Three Principles of the People” Nationalism Liberalism Peoples’ Livelihood
  15. 15. By 1914,By 1914, ChinaChina had ended its isolation,had ended its isolation, ended its dynastic period,ended its dynastic period, and become a republic.and become a republic. It was not industrialized, norIt was not industrialized, nor was it imperial.was it imperial.
  16. 16. JAPANJAPAN
  17. 17. Commodore Perry Arrived… Black Ships
  18. 18. Matthew Perry & USMatthew Perry & US ““GunboatGunboat DiplomacyDiplomacy””  1853: U.S. sent a fleet to end Japan’s self- imposed isolation & open it to trade.  Britain, Russia, and Holland later negotiated similar trade treaties with Japan.  The intrusion of the West = turning point for feudal Japan: The Tokugawa shogunateTokugawa shogunate overthrownoverthrown for allowing western nations into Japan!.
  19. 19. Meiji RestoRation, 18671867 Meiji means “enlightened rule”  Tozama Daimyo, Industrial Leaders &Tozama Daimyo, Industrial Leaders & Wealthy Farmers overthrew theWealthy Farmers overthrew the Tokugawa ShogunateTokugawa Shogunate.. New government based on “Modernization,“Modernization, Westernization,Westernization, Industrialization.”Industrialization.”
  20. 20. Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) &Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) & Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905))  China-  Cause: Conflict over Korea  Results: Japan won and increased its influence in Korea & took Taiwan.  Russia-  Cause: Conflict over Korea & Manchuria  Results:  Japan won and increased its influence in these areas. Japan’s global respect & prestigeJapan’s global respect & prestige increased… and so did theirincreased… and so did their CONFIDENCE as players on the worldCONFIDENCE as players on the world stage…stage…
  21. 21. Annexation of KoreaAnnexation of Korea Japan forced Korea into colonialforced Korea into colonial statusstatus and took total control of its government and society from 1910-1945. Manchukuo
  22. 22. By 1914,By 1914, Japan had become anJapan had become an industrialized nationindustrialized nation,, && a regionala regional militarymilitary && imperialimperial power.power.