Interpreting The Online Phenomenological Experience 1.0 11 Sept 06
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Interpreting The Online Phenomenological Experience 1.0 11 Sept 06

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IPA Conference 2006 (Brighton, September, 2006)

IPA Conference 2006 (Brighton, September, 2006)

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Interpreting The Online Phenomenological Experience 1.0 11 Sept 06 Interpreting The Online Phenomenological Experience 1.0 11 Sept 06 Presentation Transcript

  • Interpreting the online phenomenological experience Aleks Krotoski SPERI University of Surrey IPA Conference 2006 University of Sussex, 12 September
  • The Internet as an experiential phenomenon • The Internet and online community – Disproximate grouping – Belongingness – Openness and honesty • The Internet and identity: Anonymity – Self-presentation – Mutability/Multiplicity – Self-efficacy • Norms?
  • Internet Methods • Advantages – Access – Phenomenon-relevant • Semi-structured interviews – Synchronous modes (Stromer-Galley, 2003; Mann & Stewart, 2000; Chase, 2000) – Saves transcription time – Quality, not quantity?
  • Online methods • Disadvantages – Lack of non-verbal cues “Online, I can’t see the other person’s face, hear their tone of voice, or get any sense of who they are beyond the words I see scrolling up my own screen. This does not mean the interview is less interesting. Through their words and through my interaction with them. I could sense joy, anger, passion, bitterness, happiness. In fact, I was surprised and impressed by the intensity of conversations.” (p. 71, Markham, 1998) • Role of emotional shortcuts? – Deception – Research interferences – Sampling: knowing where to look
  • An example -the context • Online games • Identity
  • Participants • 10 female players • 5 wheelchair users • Research Question: elicitation of Possible Selves through online interaction? • Collection: online and telephone interviews
  • Comparison I • Telephone Interview: “I suppose just thinking that I can do things, yeah. You know, you start to be able to play a game and you think, well I can play that as well as someone else can. So, yeah, that, that does help. A positive attitude, I suppose, it does make you feel more positive in general, definitely.” (Marcus)
  • Comparison II • Online interview: “I've been imagining myself being able to walk, fly, pilot a starship for a long time. Being in a virtual world, able to walk or fly, isn't too new a concept for me. I'd say, for me, my experience in a wheelchair probably makes it as difficult to reorient my view of walking as it is for someone who does walk -- I'd like to think I have an edge in the "no preconceived mindsets of...how to work in strange, difficult environments." (Aaron)
  • Comparison III • Online interview: “It did give me huge satisfaction to be better than others who I know dont [sic] have my problems in R[eal] L[ife].” (Peter) “From an interest... standpoint, it has definately solidifed [sic] what my true interests lie in. Unlike the usual game...player, I want to understand more about the craft, how games are made, and how they do...bring people together.” (Mandy)
  • Conclusion • Lack of tangents • Stratification between participant and researcher • Active construction (self-presentation) • Themes closely related to the interview questions
  • Thank you Aleks Krotoski SPERI University of Surrey A.Krotoski@surrey.ac.uk IPA Conference 2006 University of Sussex, 12 September