Dative

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Dative

  1. 1. Dative Case
  2. 2. Cases <ul>Recall that Russian has six cases: <li>Nominative
  3. 3. Prepositional
  4. 4. Accusative
  5. 5. Genitive
  6. 6. Dative
  7. 7. Instrumental </li></ul>
  8. 8. After dative, we will have been introduced to every case
  9. 9. But our work's not over yet!
  10. 10. Dative Case
  11. 11. Dative Case Dative case expresses the indirect object of the sentence.
  12. 12. Dative Case “Dative” comes from the Latin word for to give or given. You can think of the indirect object as the thing that something is being given to .
  13. 13. Dative Case And you should most definitely distinguish the direct object (which takes the accusative) from the indirect object. If you give something (1) to something (2), (2) goes in the dative case.
  14. 14. Direct object I am giving flowers .
  15. 15. Direct object I am giving flowers . = direct object I am giving flowers to the mothers of the fallen dead . = indirect objects
  16. 16. Indirect Objects I am giving Lida flowers . I am giving flowers to Lida . I am reading to Lida . Lida is giving Shurik an apple.
  17. 17. Dative Case But how do you change the endings?
  18. 18. Dative Case Masculine or neuter: -у/-ю
  19. 19. Masculine/Neuter Студ е нт у Ш у рик у Пер у
  20. 20. Dative Case Feminine: -е
  21. 21. Feminine Д е вушке Л и д е Уч и тельниц е
  22. 22. When practicing the dative, because it's the giving case, it helps to know “give” in Russian Давать (irregular, 1 st conjugation; stem: да-) Я даю Ты даёшь Они дают
  23. 23. Lida is giving Shurik an apple ( я блоко)
  24. 24. Л и да даёт я блоко Ш у рику.

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