THE PASSIVE VOICE UNIT 5
IMPORTANT ASPECTS <ul><li>Structure: be + past participle. </li></ul><ul><li>What do we use it for? </li></ul><ul><li>When...
Turning active sentences into passive <ul><li>Active: They  built  this house in 1486. </li></ul><ul><li>Passive: This hou...
VERBS WITH TWO OBJECTS <ul><li>In  active sentences  you can find two possible structures: </li></ul><ul><li>A Verb +  ind...
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Passive Voice

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Passive Voice

  1. 1. THE PASSIVE VOICE UNIT 5
  2. 2. IMPORTANT ASPECTS <ul><li>Structure: be + past participle. </li></ul><ul><li>What do we use it for? </li></ul><ul><li>When the agent (who or what causes the action) is obvious, unknown or unimportant. </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. A lot of money was stolen in the robbery. </li></ul><ul><li>When we want to say what happens to the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. His father was killed in the war. </li></ul><ul><li>When we want to say who does or what causes the action, we use by + noun. </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. The English Channel was crossed first by Louis Bleirot . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Turning active sentences into passive <ul><li>Active: They built this house in 1486. </li></ul><ul><li>Passive: This house was built in 1486. </li></ul><ul><li>Careful! Intransitive verbs do not take passive structures, for instance die, arrive, happen, exist, sleep, have, come, occur, fit, lack, live, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Check your Grammar Reference and English Grammar in Use to see how the verbs change from active to passive. </li></ul>
  4. 4. VERBS WITH TWO OBJECTS <ul><li>In active sentences you can find two possible structures: </li></ul><ul><li>A Verb + indirect object + direct object </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. She gave her sister the car . </li></ul><ul><li>B Verb + direct obj + preposition + indirect obj </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. She gave the car to her sister . </li></ul><ul><li>The passive sentence will be as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>A Her sister was given the car.(IO=S) </li></ul><ul><li>B The car was given to her sister. (DO=S) </li></ul>

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