The wiki way of learning: Supporting vocabulary, grammar and writing skills in ESL classroom.
To discuss the benefits of using wikis in ESL classroom To familiarize ESL instructors with the use of wiki technology To present and practice a number of successful examples of collaborative wiki activities (vocabulary-writing) To motivate instructors to use the wiki platform as an e-portfolio
Since 2000 wikis have been used as a sourceof information and as a tool for collaborativelearning in the educational settings.Teachers in all over the world use WIKIShttp://educationalwikis.wikispaces.com/Examples+of+educational+wikis
Students To develop research projects (share links, bibliography, resources) To write essays, reviews, articles To write reflections on the learning process To Interact with peers-teacher
Teachers To build a knowledge base To share reflections regarding teaching practices, recourses To create an e-portofio On-line teacher training platform
Students perceptions of Wiki-based collaborative writing for learners of English as a foreign language (2010), National Kaohsiung Normal University, Taiwan 86% preferred writing on wiki that in a word document 71.4% they were more aware of their language use 73.5% considered Wiki helpful to work on ideas and to plan the organization into outlines
83.7% considered Wiki-mediated collaborative writing to be able to enhance peer interaction. 75.5% their writing ability was enhanced through member revising records in history on wiki. Many participants reported that they learned vocabulary, spelling, and phrases as well as sentence structure by reading the work of others on the Wiki pages and learning from the writing produced by their peers.
Wikis encourage interaction-active engagement. (Alm, 2006; Franklin & Van Harmelen, 2007).
Wiki has potentials for motivating students(Egbert, 2003; Fotos, 2004; Warschauer, 1996)
Lee (2012, University of New Hampshire) revealed: that collaborative engagement in wikis, peer feedback and scaffolding Enhanced writing skills Changed students attitude towards writing Build confidence in writing
Mak and Coniam (2008,Secondary school, Shatin Pui Ying College Hong Kong) students wrote more than what was required. sentences were more complex and creative than usual.
Eola and Oskoz (2010,East Coast university) Collaborative writing improved written grammar as well as the structure and the content of writing. Castaneda & Cho (Ohio University, 2010) Wiki writing improved grammatical knowledge of Spanish forms of: imperfet and preterite & imperfect.
Woo et al. (2011, Hong Kong, Primary School) Results showed that engagement in creative problem solving and peer critique helped students to use their critical thinking and creative reasoning skills.
Arnold (2012)Group members took responsibility for the text and made formal revisions and content changes.Kessler and Bikowski (2010)80% of the students demonstrated autonomy as collaborative learners by either adding new information on the wiki project, either deleting/elaborating information.
Activity Title: Write a paragraph about a talentedperson.Level: Intermediate.Learning Objective: To assist students developing descriptive writing skills.Language focus: vocabulary for success-talented people).Grammar Focus: Present Perfect.
Introduction of the topic / setting the scene Upload to wiki pictures of famous talented people and ask students which one do they admire and why? Exposure to good samples of writing in keeping with the lesson objectives (companion- internet). Analysis of the sentence structures, vocabulary and writing conventions contained in the samples.
Clarification of writing task.(remind students the parts of a paragraph). Individual or group brainstorming.(use wiki forum to exchange ideas about talent vs practice. Initiate a debate or ask students to participate in a survey: http://www.survs.com/app/9/wa/welcome?wosid=BcEcz44pJGs zRW0fPGyecw Selection or rejection of ideas. Sorting and ordering of ideas.
First draft. Discussions with other students and / or the teacher. (invite teacher and your peers to become members of your wiki page and ask for feedback. Second and subsequent drafts. Go back to history and revise your teacher’s and peers edits
"Vocabulary is not a developmental skill or one that can be seen as fully mastered. The expansion and elaboration of vocabularies is something that extends across a lifetime." (Kamil & Hiebert, 2005)Tools: QUIZLET, VISUWORDS FLASH STASH, CONCORDANCER http://quizlet.com/ http://flashcardstash.com/ http://www.visuwords.com/ http://www.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/index.xml