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Listening & speaking in esl classes


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Listening & speaking in esl classes

  1. 1. Teaching Listening and Speaking Skills in the ESL classes By Arundathie Abeysinghe Lecturer in English International Aviation Academy SriLankan Airlines
  2. 2. Listening skills • Teaching listening skills is a difficult task for any ESL teacher • Successful listening skills are acquired over time • Listening skills need lot of practice • At times, it's frustrating for students • There are no rules as in grammar teaching
  3. 3. What are the inhibitors? • Often it is the mental block • While listening, a student suddenly decides that he or she does not understand what is being said on the listening exercise • Sometimes they get distracted by external noises
  4. 4. How can students overcome their inhibitors? • Key to help students improve their listening skills is to convince them that not understanding is OK • Majority of students do not understand during the first few days • Students need to listen to English as often as possible • Listen for short periods of time instead of long listening exercises
  5. 5. Basics of exercises • Take an example from life – you want to be healthy and get in shape • If you try to walk five kilometers on the first you may not be able to do so • But if you walk one kilometer on the first day you will be successful • On the second day walk two kilometers • Gradually increase the distance you walk
  6. 6. Listening basics • Listening is also a similar exercise • Listen 5-10 minutes on the first day • Gradually increase the time of listening • Listening exercises should be given several times a week • Listen to a short conversation in a radio station or a short educational tape • Do not listen to a long lecture or conversation for a long period of time • If listening exercises are given several times a week students will get used to them
  7. 7. Listening tips • Listen to something you enjoy – a nice song, an interesting talk • Listen for key words - help you understand general ideas, e.g. a trip to California – “ a trip to California with my family last month” • Listen for context – the situation explained during the conversation
  8. 8. Speaking skills • Speaking is the primary mode of communication • All humans learn to speak as part of their natural biological development • An important component of the language teaching • Speaking exercises are integral in the adoption of another language
  9. 9. Components of a Speaking Exercise • Contextualized practice - clear the link between linguistic form and communicative function • Opportunity to personalize language - students can express their own ideas, feelings, preferences and opinions • An awareness of the social use of language - appropriate social behavior and the language that accompanies it • Opportunity to build confidence - build ease and confidence in students to produce language quickly and automatically
  10. 10. Main features of speaking • Importance of accuracy • Predictable organization and sequencing • Using correct pronunciation and grammar • Creating an effect on the audience • Using appropriate vocabulary • Using an appropriate opening and closing
  11. 11. •Thank you!