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Water Rescue Techniques

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  • 1. Water Rescue Techniques http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com
  • 2. Water drowning Incidents
    • Water drowning incidents generally occur because victims either knowingly enter the water, or otherwise find themselves in the water and unable to remove themselves from the dangers associated with that body of water.
    • There is always a possibility of more victims becoming stranded because of the good intentions of caring citizens, and/or untrained rescue personnel, trying to help.
  • 3. Objectives of Water Rescue
    • The purpose of emergency response, a water rescue shall be defined as any incident that involves the removal of victim(s) from any body of water other than a swimming pool. This shall include rivers, creeks, lakes, washes, storm drains, or any body of water, whether still of moving.
    http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com
  • 4. Safety Consideration of Rescuer
    • Rescuing a drowning person is the last resort and you should do everything possible to avoid getting into a dangerous situation in the first place.
    • If you have to make a rescue attempt, think of your own safety first and never put yourself in danger.
    • If the rescue is too dangerous, wait until the emergency services arrive.
  • 5. Golden Rule of Water Rescue
    • Never place yourself close enough to be grabbed by a panicky victim.
    • Always place distance and device between rescuer and the victim.
    http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com
  • 6. Basic Principles 0f Water Rescue Operation
    • Must secure the immediate area and assure that no more citizens enter the water. Well intentioned, untrained citizens can quickly become victims.
    • Made quick assessment of the hazards associated with the water i.e. speed, temperature, debris and possible contamination.
    • Consider the potential hazards to rescuers and victims.
    • Consider the risk/benefit factor and the gain versus loss if the worst happens.
    • If the benefit is high, and the risk to rescuers is low, move forward with the action plan.
    • If the risk is high to rescuers and the benefit is low, wait for Technical Rescue Team, before committing personnel to the rescue.
    • The Rescue options will be considered and executed in order from low risk to high risk. “ Reach-Wade-Throw-Row”.
  • 7. Rescue Plan of action
    • The first unit on scene needs to size-up the situation, give an on-scene report and assume command. A command checklist is an excellent resource to have, especially for these low-frequency calls. As quickly as possible, command needs to determine the number and condition of victims. If a rescue is deemed necessary, consider the need for additional personnel and equipment.
    • A plan of action now needs to be formed. From lowest to highest risk, the options are reach, throw, row, go and helo. Reaching and throwing are considered non-technical rescue actions. Only technical rescue technicians with proper training should attempt row, go and helo.
    • The objective of the rescue operation is to make contact with the victim, apply protective equipment and remove the victim to a safe area.
    • This is obviously the most hazardous time for the rescuers. Command must continually monitor the situations that could adversely affect the rescue, such as a rise in water, top loads, suspended loads or shifting of the vehicle.
    • Once the victim has been removed to a safe area, medical personnel should be on scene to evaluate and transport to the hospital if necessary.
    http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com
  • 8. Sectorization of Rescue Operation
    • Upstream Group: Responsible to watch for and advise of any obstacles and/or hazards (i.e. top loads, suspended loads) that may be floating downstream and may hinder the rescue operation.
    • Downstream Group: Responsible to be prepared to rescue victims and rescuers that may be swept downstream. All members in this group should have a throw rope bag in hand and deployed on both side to the bank.
    • River Right/Left Group: Responsible for rigging the opposite end of a rope rescue system being set up.
    • Rescue Group: Responsible for developing an action with Command. Once action plan has been developed, rescue group will execute the plan in the safest possible manner.
    • Medical Group: Responsible for providing First Aid treatment to victims removed from the water.
  • 9. Rescue Methods
    • Step - 1 : Reach
    • Step - 2 : Wade
    • Step - 3 : Throw
    • Step - 4 : Row
    http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com
  • 10. Reach
    • With a long stick, a scarf, clothes or anything else. Crouch or lie down to avoid being pulled in.
  • 11. Wade
    • Test the depth with a long stick before wading in and then use the stick to reach out. Hold on to someone else or the bank.
    http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com
  • 12. Throw
    • A rope is best - you can then pull in the person. Otherwise throw something that will float - a ball, a plastic bottle, a lifebouy...this will keep the person afloat until help comes.
  • 13. Row
    • Use a boat if there is one nearby and if you can use it safely. Do not try to pull the person on board in case they panic and capsize the boat.
    http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com
  • 14. For more topics: Please visit: http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com Thank you for your time