European Neighborhood policy (ENP)European Foreign and SecurityPolicy Presented by: Zaur Natsvlishvili Achiko Sudadze
Different neighbors, different relationsCandidate Countries (Turkey, Iceland, Montenegro, Serbia, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia)Potential candidates (Albania Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo)Neighbours – European neighbourhood policy
ENP: key developments :March 2003 - May 2004: the European Commission proposed the main lines of aNeighbourhood Policy and how it should workMay 2004: the European Commission presented Country Reports on seven ENP countriesJune 2004: the 25 EU Heads of State and Government endorsed the Commissions StrategyPaperRemainder of 2004: the European Commission and those seven ENP countries negotiated ENPAction Plans setting out the countries short to medium-term reform prioritiesFebruary – July 2005: these ENP Action Plans – for Israel, Jordan, Moldova, Morocco, thePalestinian Authority, Tunisia and Ukraine – were adopted and implementation of the reformsbeganLate 2004 – late 2006: after presenting Country Reports on these countries in Spring2005, negotiations for ENP Action Plans also with Armenia, Azerbaijan, Egypt, Georgia andLebanon.EU and partner country further enriched with regional and multilateral co-operation initiatives:February 2008: Black Sea SynergyJuly 2008: the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (EUROMED)May 2009: the Eastern Partnership (EaP)
ENP: Aims and principles• mutual interest in supporting reform and modernisation, withthe goal of promoting mutual prosperity, stability and security• Partnership-for-reform• Joint ownership (agreed priorities)
ENP: Common values & interestsGood governance, prosperity, stability & security • Democracy, human rights, rule of law • Market economy and sustainable development • Sectoral reforms • Joint response to common challenges e.g. prosperity gaps, migration, crime, environment, health, terrorism ...
ENP Action Plans – main areas Same chapters in all, content is specific to each country:• Political dialogue and reform• Economic and social cooperation and development• Trade related issues, market and regulatory reform• Cooperation on Justice, Liberty and Security• Sectors: transport, energy, informationsociety, environment, research and Development• The human dimension notably people-to-peoplecontacts, civil society, education, public health.
Deeper integration Deeper political integration Deeper economic integration
Promoting politicalcooperation and reform Supporting “deep democracy” A partnership with societies Intensifying political dialogue and cooperation
Supporting “deep democracy” free and fair elections; freedom of association, expression and assembly and a free pressand media; the rule of law administered by an independent judiciary and right toa fair trial; fighting against corruption; security and law enforcement sector reform (including the police)and the establishment ofdemocratic control over armed and security forces.
A partnership with societiesCivil societyMedia freedom and free access toinformationHuman rights and fundamentalfreedomshuman rights dialogues
Intensifying political dialogue and cooperation international and regional questions conflict prevention and crisis management terrorism, weapons of mass destruction and illegal arms exports CFSP (Common Foreign and Security Policy) ESDP (European Security and Defence Policy)
Ensuring justice, Liberty and security (JLS)• judicial cooperation in civil and criminal matters and judicial reforms;• improving transparency and cooperation in the fight against corruption;• fighting against racism and xenophobia;• strengthening cooperation on preventing and combating terrorism;• improving cooperation in fighting against organised crime;• cooperating in fighting money laundering, financial and economic crime;• developing dialogue on migration related issues and ensuring effective management ofmigration flows;• cooperating to prevent and combat illegal immigration;• improving partners capacity for migration management and refugee protection;• improving partners border control capacity• enhancing partners document security.
Promoting economic integration and reformGaining access to the EU’s internal marketPromoting economic and social reformsTackling poverty and addressing social challenges