DefinitionIs an economic and political union of 27 independent member stateswhich are located primarily in Europe.
Main Objectives Promote economic and social progress and a high level of employment and to achieve balanced and sustainable development.Maintain and develop the Union as an area of freedom, security and justice.
Member States of the European Union Belgium (1952) Greece (1981) Hungary (2004) France (1952) Portugal (1986) Latvia (2004) Germany (1952) Spain (1986) Lithuania (2004) Italy (1952) Austria (1995) Malta (2004) Luxembourg (1952) Finland (1995) Poland (2004) Netherlands (1952) Sweden (1995) Slovakia (2004) Denmark (1973) Cyprus (2004) Slovenia (2004) Ireland (1973) Czech Republic (2004) Bulgaria (2007 United Kingdom (1973) Estonia (2004) Romania (2007)
History of the European Union 1945 - 1959 A peaceful Europe – the beginnings of cooperation. 1960 - 1969 The ‘Swinging Sixties’ – a period of economic growth 1970 – 1979 A growing Community – the first Enlargement
History of the European Union 1980 - 1989 The changing face of Europe - the fall of the Berlin Wall. 1990 - 1999 A Europe without frontiers 2000 - Today A decade of further expansion
Treaties of the European UnionThe Treaties of the European Union are a setof international treaties between the EuropeanUnion (EU) member states which sets out theEUs constitutional basis.
InfrastructureThe developing European transport policies willincrease the pressure on the environment inmany regions by the increased transportnetwork.
AgricultureThe policy has the objectives of increasingagricultural production, providing certainty infood supplies, ensuring a high quality of life forfarmers, stabilizing markets, and ensuringreasonable prices for consumers.
Education and ScienceIn its first 20 years it has supported internationalexchange opportunities for well over 1.5 millionuniversity and college students and hasbecome a symbol of European student life.
Pros and Cons Advantages- High reduction of war probability.- All European countries entering the E.U. are bound to restrictions that arefavorable to their economy and development.- A European currency that reduces monetary instability, eliminatesexchange rates and favors trade.- Europe strengthens each member country because it is bound to othermember countries and is therefore stronger against other big economies.- Europeans can move around freely within the European Union andtherefore seek for jobs in other countries than there own.
Pros and Cons DisadvantagesReduction of sovereignty when European Institutions ask countries to givesome of their sovereign powers to the E.U. which doesnt always benefit to every country