The Arab Gulf States

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A presentation briefing about the Arab Gulf States.

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The Arab Gulf States

  1. 1. The Arab Gulf States<br />
  2. 2. Basic: Which are the Arab Gulf states?<br />Kingdom of Saudi Arabia <br />United Arab Emirates<br />Sultanate of Oman<br />Qatar<br />Bahrain<br />Kuwait<br />Iraq<br />
  3. 3. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia<br />Area – 2,149,690 km2 (14th largest in the world)<br /> Population -  27,136,977 (2010 estimate)<br />Currency – 1 Saudi Rial(SAR)= 100 halalah<br />Government - Islamic Absolute Monarchy<br />King – Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz<br />Capital (and largest city) - Riyadh<br />
  4. 4. ….continued<br />Saudi Arabia is named after the ruling Al Saud family, which came to power in the 18th century, the country includes the Hijaz region - the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and the cradle of Islam.<br />Saudi Arabia sits on more than 25% of the world's known oil reserves. It is capable of producing more than 10 million barrels per day.<br />Jeddah – It is the second biggest city in the country. It is also a major port.<br />
  5. 5. Sultanate of Oman<br />Area - 209,550 km2(70th)<br /> Population -  2,845,000 (2009 estimate)<br />Currency – 1 Omani Rial(OMR)= 1000 biaza<br />Government - Islamic Absolute Monarchy<br />Sultan – Qaboos bin Said Al Said<br />Capital (and largest city) - Muscat<br />
  6. 6. ….continued<br />The oldest independent state in the Arab world.<br />Tourism is on the rise in Oman. Oman's attractions include a largely-untouched coastline, mountains, deserts and the burgeoning capital Muscat, with its forts, palaces and old walled city.<br />Matrah Harbor<br />
  7. 7. UnitedArabEmirates<br />Area - 83,600 km2(116th)<br /> Population -  8,190,000 (2009 estimate)<br />Currency – 1 Dirham = 100 fils<br />Government – Constitutional Monarchy<br />President – Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan<br />Capital – Abu Dhabi<br />
  8. 8. ….continued<br />The late Sheikh Zayed, ruler of Abu Dhabi and president of the UAE at its inception, was quick to seize on the potential of the oil industry. He oversaw the development of all the emirates and directed oil revenues into healthcare, education and the national infrastructure.<br />The most important cities & ports are:-<br />Abu Dhabi – Port Zayed<br />Dubai – Port Rashid<br />Sharjah – Port Khalid<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10. Qatar<br />Area - 11,437 km2(164th)<br /> Population -  1,696,563 (2010 estimate)<br />Currency – 1 Riyal(QAR)= 100 dirhams<br />Government – Absolute Monarchy<br />Emir – Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani <br />Capital (and largest city) – Doha<br />
  11. 11. ….continued<br />Qatar, a former pearl-fishing centre and once one of the poorest Gulf states, is now one of the richest countries in the region, thanks to the exploitation of large oil and gas fields since the 1940s.<br />Possessing more than 15% of the world's proven gas reserves, Qatar has ambitions to become a global energy giant.<br />The most important ports & cities:<br />Doha - The capital & the center of commerce.<br />Um Saeed – The main oil exporting & refining terminal. <br />
  12. 12. Bahrain<br />Area - 750 km2 (184 th)<br /> Population -  791,000 (2008 estimate)<br />Currency – 1 Bahraini dinar(BAR)= 1,000 fils<br />Government – Constitutional Monarchy<br />King – Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifah<br />Capital (and largest city) – Manama<br />
  13. 13. ….continued<br />Bahrain - which name means "two seas”.<br />It was one of the first states in the Gulf to discover oil and to build a refinery; as such, it benefited from oil wealth before most of its neighbors.<br />Bahrain - a chain of around 30 islands - is a haven for tourists from the region, who take advantage of its relaxed social environment.<br />The most important cities & ports are:-<br /> Manama- It is the capital. Port Salman is in Al-Manama. <br />Al-Muherraq- The old capital.<br />
  14. 14. Area - 438,317 km2(50th)<br /> Population - 31,234,000 (2009 estimate)<br />Currency – 1 Iraqi Dinar(IQD)= 1000 fils<br />Government – Parliamentary Republic<br />President – JalalTalabani<br />Capital (and largest city) – Baghdad<br />Iraq<br />
  15. 15. Iraq is an area once home to some of the earliest civilizations: Akkadian, Assyrian,  Babylonian, Hellenistic, Parthian, Sassanid and Abbasid empires, and part of the Achaemenid, Roman, Rashidun, Umayyad, Mongol, Safavid, Afsharid, Ottoman.<br />The major cities & ports are:-<br />Baghdad<br />Ashar (port of Basrah)<br />Kirkuk (oil-rich city)<br />Iraq is one of the major exporters of dates in the world.<br />Port of Basrah<br />…..continued<br />
  16. 16. Ancient city of Babylon<br /> Tigris City of Kirkuk <br /> Euphrates<br />
  17. 17. Kuwait<br />Area – 17,820 km2(157th)<br /> Population -  3,566,437 (2010 estimate)<br />Currency – 1 Kuwaiti Dinar(KWD)= 1,000 fils<br />Government – Constitutional Monarchy<br />King – Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah <br />Capital (and largest city) – Kuwait City<br />
  18. 18. Kuwait is derived from the Arabic "akwat", the plural of "kout", meaning fortress built near water.<br />Kuwait was the first Arab country in the Gulf to have an elected parliament.<br />The most important cities & seaports:-<br />Kuwait City- The capital & the center of commerce of Kuwait. It has Shuweikh seaport, the international airport & the university.<br />Al-Ahmadi- Also called “City of Oil”.<br />….continued <br />
  19. 19. Did you know? <br />That Kuwait, although one of the smallest countries in the world, has the highest currency?? 1 Kuwaiti Dinar=3.5336 U.S $!!<br />
  20. 20. Thank u for watching my presentation!!!<br />Made By:-<br /> Zain-ul-abedin Siddiqui<br />Thank you for your vote!! <br />

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