Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Cost-Effectiveness of PCI with Drug ElutingStents vs. Bypass Surgery for Patients with      Diabetes and Multivessel CAD: ...
Disclosures• FREEDOM was supported by U01 grants  #01HL071988 and #01HL092989 from the National  Heart Lung and Blood Inst...
Background                                      Time to Death/MI/Stroke                                        PCI/DES    ...
Patient Flow                         1900 patients randomized               947 assigned to          953 assigned to PCI  ...
Economic Study Analysis PlanPrimary Endpoint:  • Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio expressed as    cost per quality-adj...
Costing MethodsPCI and CABG Procedures:• Cath lab and CABG-related procedure costs based on  measured resource utilization...
Index Procedure Resource Use*                                               CABG                    PCIPCI procedures    1...
Index Hospitalization Costs                             Δ = $8,622                             (p<0.001))                 ...
5-Year Follow-up Resource UtilizationRates per 100 person-years20                                            P<0.001      ...
Annual and Cumulative Costs: Years 1- 5Annual$25,000                                                                      ...
Annual Differences in Life Years and QALYs      Time Since                     Δ Life Years    Δ QALYs     Randomization  ...
Markov ModelFor the Projection of Post-Trial Life Years, QALYs and Costs• Monthly risk of death based on age, sex and race...
In-Trial and Projected Survival             1            0.053 life years                                                 ...
Lifetime Cost-Effectiveness Results                                    $20,000                                            ...
Cost-Effectiveness of CABG vs. PCI           Sensitivity Analysis – No CABG Effect Beyond 5 Yrs            1              ...
Cost-Effectiveness of CABG vs. PCI SYNTAX Score Tertiles                  Low (<23)                          Mid (23-32)  ...
Subgroups                                                     Prob.   Subgroup         Δ Costs   Δ QALYs    ICER          ...
Summary (1)• CABG is associated with initial costs ≈ $9,000/patient  higher than PCI• Partially offset by lower costs asso...
Summary (2)• Results were robust to a broad range of  sensitivity analyses regarding the duration of  the CABG effect on b...
Conclusions• For patients with diabetes and multivessel  CAD, CABG provides not only better long-  term clinical outcomes ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Cost-Effectiveness of PCI with Drug Eluting…

381

Published on

Valentin Fuster. AHA 2012 Congress - American Heart Association.Find more articles on our web site.

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
381
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Cost-Effectiveness of PCI with Drug Eluting…"

  1. 1. Cost-Effectiveness of PCI with Drug ElutingStents vs. Bypass Surgery for Patients with Diabetes and Multivessel CAD: Results from the FREEDOM Trial Elizabeth A. Magnuson, Valentin Fuster, Michael E. Farkouh, Kaijun Wang, Katherine Vilain, Haiyan Li, Jaime Appelwick,Victoria Muratov, Lynn A. Sleeper, Mouin Abdallah, David J. Cohen Saint Luke’s Mid America Heart Institute University of Missouri-Kansas City Kansas City, Missouri
  2. 2. Disclosures• FREEDOM was supported by U01 grants #01HL071988 and #01HL092989 from the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute Other support  Drug eluting stents were provided by Cordis, Johnson and Johnson and Boston Scientific  Abciximab and an unrestricted research grant were provided by Eli Lilly and Company  Clopidogrel was provided by Sanofi Aventis and Bristol- Myers Squibb
  3. 3. Background Time to Death/MI/Stroke PCI/DES 30 CABG Death/Stroke/MI, % Logrank P=0.005 20 PCI/DES CABG 10 5-Year Event Rates: 26.6% vs. 18.7% 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 Years post-randomization
  4. 4. Patient Flow 1900 patients randomized 947 assigned to 953 assigned to PCI CABG 36 no procedure 9 no procedure(withdrawn) (withdrawn) 911 underwent 944 underwent revascularization revascularization 893 initial 18 initial 939 initial 5 initial CABG PCI PCI CABG Median follow-up duration: 47 months
  5. 5. Economic Study Analysis PlanPrimary Endpoint: • Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio expressed as cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained » Costs and QALYs were discounted at 3% annuallyGeneral Approach – 2 Stages: • In-trial analysis based on observed survival, health state utility (EQ-5D), and costs derived from reported health care resource use during the trial period • Lifetime analysis based on projections of survival, quality-adjusted survival and costs beyond the trial period
  6. 6. Costing MethodsPCI and CABG Procedures:• Cath lab and CABG-related procedure costs based on measured resource utilization (procedure duration, balloons, stents, wires, etc.) and current unit costs DES cost = $1500/stent• Ancillary hospital costs based on regression models developed from 2010 MedPAR data for FREEDOM- eligible patients  Clinical events and complications rather than LOS were used as key predictors to avoid distortions due to marked differences in LOS across different countries/health care systemsAdditional costs: CV and non-CV rehospitalizations, MD fees, outpatient CV care/testing and medications, cardiac rehabilitation and nursing home stays
  7. 7. Index Procedure Resource Use* CABG PCIPCI procedures 1 66.6% 2 30.9% 3-4 2.3%Drug-eluting stents 4.1 ± 1.9 Paclitaxel-eluting 45.6% Sirolimus-eluting 51.7% Other drug-eluting stents 2.7%Procedure duration (mins) 248 ± 78 107 ± 6.7Total Procedure Cost $9,739 ± $2,453 $13,014 ± $5,173* Per protocol population (includes planned staged procedures)
  8. 8. Index Hospitalization Costs Δ = $8,622 (p<0.001)) $34,467 $25,845 * ITT population (includes planned staged procedures)
  9. 9. 5-Year Follow-up Resource UtilizationRates per 100 person-years20 P<0.001 P=0.521510 P<0.001 17.2 14.6 12.8 10.8 5 6.8 3.3 0 1.7 0 PCI Procedures CABG Procedures CV Hospitalizations Non-CV Hospitalizations CABG PCI
  10. 10. Annual and Cumulative Costs: Years 1- 5Annual$25,000 Cumulative $70,000 $60,000$20,000 Δ costs = $7878 $50,000$15,000 Δ costs = $3641 $40,000 $30,000$10,000 $20,000 $5,000 $10,000 $0 $0 Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 CABG Annual Cost PCI Annual Cost CABG Cumulative Cost PCI Cumulative Cost
  11. 11. Annual Differences in Life Years and QALYs Time Since Δ Life Years Δ QALYs Randomization (CABG-PCI) (CABG-PCI) (Years) 1 -0.008 -0.033 2 -0.010 -0.034 3 -0.0006 -0.029 4 +0.015 -0.004 5 +0.053 +0.031
  12. 12. Markov ModelFor the Projection of Post-Trial Life Years, QALYs and Costs• Monthly risk of death based on age, sex and race- matched data from US life tables calibrated to the observed 5 year mortality for the PCI population  CABG effect based on a landmark analysis for years 2-5: mortality hazard ratio for CABG vs. PCI = 0.60• Base case: Gradual attenuation of CABG effect  Mortality hazard ratio increases from 0.60 to 1 in a linear fashion between 5 and 10 years; no impact of CABG beyond 10 years• Long-term costs and utility weights obtained from regression models developed from trial data
  13. 13. In-Trial and Projected Survival 1 0.053 life years CABG 0.8 PCI 0.6 1.266 total life years Survival gained with CABG (0.794 when discounted at 3% annually) 0.4 0.2 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Years post-randomization
  14. 14. Lifetime Cost-Effectiveness Results $20,000  Cost  Cost  QALY  QALY ∆Long-term Cost (CABG – PCI) $10,000 $0 Cost = $5392 ∆QALY = 0.663 years $8132/QALY gained with CABG -$10,000  Cost $50,000 per QALY  Cost  QALY  QALY -$20,000 -2 -1 0 1 2 ∆QALYs (CABG – PCI)Costs and QALYs discounted 3% annually
  15. 15. Cost-Effectiveness of CABG vs. PCI Sensitivity Analysis – No CABG Effect Beyond 5 Yrs 1 No CABG Effect Years 5 - 10 0.754 total life years 0.8 gained with CABG (0.439 when discounted at 3% annually) 0.6Survival 0.4 CABG PCI 0.2 Δ Costs $9,485 Δ QALYs 0.351 0 ICER $27,022 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Years post-randomization Pr < $50K/QALY= 82.4%
  16. 16. Cost-Effectiveness of CABG vs. PCI SYNTAX Score Tertiles Low (<23) Mid (23-32) High (>32)$20,000$10,000 $0-$10,000-$20,000 -2 -1 0 1 2 -2 -1 0 1 2 -2 -1 0 1 2 Δ Costs $8,784 Δ Costs $4,160 Δ Costs $973 Δ QALYs 0.407 Δ QALYs 0.997 Δ QALYs 0.315 ICER $21,582 ICER $4,172 ICER $3,088 Costs and QALYs discounted 3% annually
  17. 17. Subgroups Prob. Subgroup Δ Costs Δ QALYs ICER < $50,000 Male (n=1328) $3,059 0.778 $3,932 99.8 Female (n=527) $9,249 0.510 $18,135 77.3Age <60 (n=624) $11,190 1.160 $9,647 99.8Age 60-69 (n=621) -$1,765 0.276 Dominant 80.5Age ≥70 (n=610) $6,892 0.349 $19,748 71.9 US (n=351) $4,701 1.120 $4,197 98.1Non-US (n=1504) $5,622 0.576 $9,760 96.5
  18. 18. Summary (1)• CABG is associated with initial costs ≈ $9,000/patient higher than PCI• Partially offset by lower costs associated with repeat revascularization and to a lesser extent cardiac meds• At 5 years, CABG improved quality-adjusted life expectancy by ~ 0.03 years while increasing total costs by ~ $3,600/patient• Over a lifetime horizon, CABG associated with 0.66 QALYs gained and ~$5,400/patient higher costs yielding an ICER of $8,132/QALY gained
  19. 19. Summary (2)• Results were robust to a broad range of sensitivity analyses regarding the duration of the CABG effect on both survival and costs• Results were also consistent across a wide range of subgroups
  20. 20. Conclusions• For patients with diabetes and multivessel CAD, CABG provides not only better long- term clinical outcomes than DES-PCI but these benefits are achieved at an overall cost that represents an attractive use of societal health care resources• These findings provide additional support for existing guidelines that recommend CABG for diabetic patients with multivessel CAD
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×