Forest OwnershipChange and Parcelization In the Hudson River Watershed<br />Andrew W. Roe<br />Dr. Shorna Broussard Allred...
Threatened Private Forestlands<br />New York State <br />is projected to lose<br />1.6 million acres (8.9%) <br />of its f...
Threatened Forested Watersheds<br />The top 15 watersheds with increased housing density projected by 2050<br />(From Stei...
Research Questions<br />How is forestland  currently owned and used in the Hudson River watershed?<br />Where and how is f...
The Hudson River Watershed<br />Albany<br />NYC<br />Morning, Looking East over the Hudson Valley from Catskill Mountains<...
Hudson Watershed Landcover (2001)<br />Total Area: 10.8 million Acres <br /> 6.0% Developed<br />14.6% Agriculture<br />63...
Forest Landscape Change<br />“A continuum of forest loss”<br />(Best and Wayburn, 2001)<br />“Forest Cover Complacency Syn...
Forestland Parcelization<br />Tied to geography, household events, economics, lifestyle choices and market forces<br />(Kl...
How Parcelization Affects Privately Owned Forests<br />Smaller properties:<br />Limit economies of scale<br />Reduce acces...
How Parcelization Can Affect Privately Owned Forests<br />Parcelization may also lead to:<br />Changes in total forest are...
Quantifying Parcelization<br />National trends in private forestland ownership and parcel size <br />	(Birch, 1996; Leathe...
Project Methods<br />How is forestland  currently owned and used?<br />Determined acreage totals and distributions of curr...
Data Sources<br />2000-2010 County Sales Records *<br />Each sales record shows:<br />Buyer and seller names<br />Acreage<...
Acreage
Property classification
Land and building valuations
Coordinates of the property</li></ul>* Excluding 161,000 acre land deal between Finch Pruyn timber Co and The Nature Conse...
Property Use Classifications<br />Private Wild and Forest Lands- plantations, timber tracts, and forest lands without resi...
Existing Private Forest and Potential Woodland<br />
Current Land-Use Across the Watershed(2009)<br />Total Number of Properties<br />Total Acreage of Properties<br />
Watershed Property Transfers (2000-2010)<br />All Types of Properties: <br />986,425 parcels		4,742,833 acres<br />Forest ...
Private Forest and Potential Woodland Transfers in Each County (2000-2010)<br />(Insert Map)<br />
Divided Woodlands vs. Total Woodlands Sold in Each County<br />(Insert Map)<br />
Size Differences in Property Transfers<br /># of Sales per class<br />Size Classes (in Acres) of Properties Transferred<br />
Land Use Transitions (2000-2010)<br />All Land Transfers <br />
Parcelized Land Use Transitions<br />Non-Parcelized<br />Properties<br />Parcelized<br />Properties <br />
Changing Ownership<br />
Unplanned Property Transfers<br />
New Construction <br />on Recently Vacant Land<br />Redo 2000-2010 Acres of new construction map<br />
Conclusions<br />How is forestland  currently owned and used in the Hudson River watershed?<br />Private Forest and Potent...
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Forest Ownership Change and Parcelization In the Hudson River Watershed

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Presentation given by my M.S. student Andrew Roe at the Society of American Foresters National Covention, 2010.

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Forest Ownership Change and Parcelization In the Hudson River Watershed

  1. 1. Forest OwnershipChange and Parcelization In the Hudson River Watershed<br />Andrew W. Roe<br />Dr. Shorna Broussard Allred<br />
  2. 2. Threatened Private Forestlands<br />New York State <br />is projected to lose<br />1.6 million acres (8.9%) <br />of its forestland <br />to urban development <br />by 2050 <br />(Nowak and Walton, 2005)<br />
  3. 3. Threatened Forested Watersheds<br />The top 15 watersheds with increased housing density projected by 2050<br />(From Stein et al., “Forests on the Edge” USFS 2005)<br />(Stein et al., USFS 2005)<br />
  4. 4. Research Questions<br />How is forestland currently owned and used in the Hudson River watershed?<br />Where and how is forestland ownership changing?<br />What does this mean for the future of forests and forestry?<br />
  5. 5. The Hudson River Watershed<br />Albany<br />NYC<br />Morning, Looking East over the Hudson Valley from Catskill Mountains<br />-Frederic Edwin Church, 1844<br />
  6. 6. Hudson Watershed Landcover (2001)<br />Total Area: 10.8 million Acres <br /> 6.0% Developed<br />14.6% Agriculture<br />63.5% Forest<br />36.9% Deciduous<br />23.3% Evenly Mixed<br /> 3.4% Coniferous<br />4.3% Open Water<br />(USGS GAP Analysis 2001)<br />
  7. 7. Forest Landscape Change<br />“A continuum of forest loss”<br />(Best and Wayburn, 2001)<br />“Forest Cover Complacency Syndrome”<br />(LaPierre and Germain, 2005)<br />The Hudson Valley in Winter from Olana<br />-Frederic Edwin Church, 1871<br />
  8. 8. Forestland Parcelization<br />Tied to geography, household events, economics, lifestyle choices and market forces<br />(Kleiman and Erickson 1996, DeCoster, 1998, Mehmood and Zhang 2001, King and Butler 2005, Donnelly and Evans 2008)<br />Rates are not constant or connected to changes in overall population or income levels (Germain et al. 2006)<br />Does not necessarily lead to forest loss or fragmentation<br />(Kleiman and Erickson 1996)<br />
  9. 9. How Parcelization Affects Privately Owned Forests<br />Smaller properties:<br />Limit economies of scale<br />Reduce access <br />Are treated as “backyards” instead of “forests”<br />
  10. 10. How Parcelization Can Affect Privately Owned Forests<br />Parcelization may also lead to:<br />Changes in total forest area (Holdt and Civco 2004)<br />(Gobster and Rickenbach 2003)<br /> (Kleiman and Erickson 1996)<br />New owners and new values (Egan and Luloff, 2000)<br />Greater numbers of owners and regulations (Wear et al. 1999)<br />Changes in forest composition (Germain et al. 2007)<br />
  11. 11. Quantifying Parcelization<br />National trends in private forestland ownership and parcel size <br /> (Birch, 1996; Leatherberry, 2001; <br /> Butler and Leatherberry, 2004; Zhang et al., 2005). <br />County-level calculations of forest parcel number and size<br /> (Drzyga and Brown, 1999; LaPierre and Germain, 2005; <br />Germain et al., 2006; Mundell et al 2010)<br />Individual parcel change typologies <br /> (Germain et al., 2007; Donnelly and Evans, 2008)<br />(Donnelly and Evans, 2008)<br />
  12. 12. Project Methods<br />How is forestland currently owned and used?<br />Determined acreage totals and distributions of current property status using 2009 Tax data<br />Where and how is forestland ownership changing?<br />Quantified extent of property ownership change using Sales data from 2000-2010<br />Mapped changes and examined using GIS<br />
  13. 13. Data Sources<br />2000-2010 County Sales Records *<br />Each sales record shows:<br />Buyer and seller names<br />Acreage<br />Property classification before sale<br />Property classification at sale<br />If the sale was part of an existing parcel (“Parcelized”)<br />Other comments about the sale<br />Coordinates of the property<br />2009 County Tax Rolls<br />Each tax record shows:<br /><ul><li>Owner name
  14. 14. Acreage
  15. 15. Property classification
  16. 16. Land and building valuations
  17. 17. Coordinates of the property</li></ul>* Excluding 161,000 acre land deal between Finch Pruyn timber Co and The Nature Conservancy, 2007<br />
  18. 18. Property Use Classifications<br />Private Wild and Forest Lands- plantations, timber tracts, and forest lands without residential or agricultural uses.<br />Potential Woodland:<br />Agricultural- property used for the production of crops or livestock<br />Rural Residential- property with 10 or more acres of land and year-round residence , may be used for agricultural production or recreation.<br />Seasonal Residences- property with seasonally occupied dwelling units<br />Rural Vacant land- land without dwelling units or productive farmland<br />Hunting and Fishing Clubs- privately owned land managed for game fish and game.<br />
  19. 19. Existing Private Forest and Potential Woodland<br />
  20. 20. Current Land-Use Across the Watershed(2009)<br />Total Number of Properties<br />Total Acreage of Properties<br />
  21. 21. Watershed Property Transfers (2000-2010)<br />All Types of Properties: <br />986,425 parcels 4,742,833 acres<br />Forest and Potential Woodland Properties: <br />193,620 parcels 3,285,272 acres <br /> (19.6%) (69.3%)<br />Parcelized Forest<br />and Potential Woodland: <br /> 17,914 parcels 347,424 acres <br /> (9.5%) (10.6%)<br />
  22. 22. Private Forest and Potential Woodland Transfers in Each County (2000-2010)<br />(Insert Map)<br />
  23. 23. Divided Woodlands vs. Total Woodlands Sold in Each County<br />(Insert Map)<br />
  24. 24. Size Differences in Property Transfers<br /># of Sales per class<br />Size Classes (in Acres) of Properties Transferred<br />
  25. 25. Land Use Transitions (2000-2010)<br />All Land Transfers <br />
  26. 26. Parcelized Land Use Transitions<br />Non-Parcelized<br />Properties<br />Parcelized<br />Properties <br />
  27. 27. Changing Ownership<br />
  28. 28. Unplanned Property Transfers<br />
  29. 29. New Construction <br />on Recently Vacant Land<br />Redo 2000-2010 Acres of new construction map<br />
  30. 30. Conclusions<br />How is forestland currently owned and used in the Hudson River watershed?<br />Private Forest and Potential Woodland exist in the highest quantities in the northern parts of the watershed<br />
  31. 31. Conclusions<br />Where and how is forestland ownership changing?<br />
  32. 32. Conclusions<br />What does this mean for the future of forests and forestry?<br />
  33. 33. Future Research <br />
  34. 34. Thanks!<br />Questions?<br />Suggestions?<br />Andrew Roe<br />Cornell University<br />Department of Natural Resources<br />awr45@cornell.edu<br />

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