Forest Ownership Change and Parcelization In the Hudson River Watershed

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Presentation given by my M.S. student Andrew Roe at the Society of American Foresters National Covention, 2010.

Presentation given by my M.S. student Andrew Roe at the Society of American Foresters National Covention, 2010.

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  • 1. Forest OwnershipChange and Parcelization In the Hudson River Watershed
    Andrew W. Roe
    Dr. Shorna Broussard Allred
  • 2. Threatened Private Forestlands
    New York State
    is projected to lose
    1.6 million acres (8.9%)
    of its forestland
    to urban development
    by 2050
    (Nowak and Walton, 2005)
  • 3. Threatened Forested Watersheds
    The top 15 watersheds with increased housing density projected by 2050
    (From Stein et al., “Forests on the Edge” USFS 2005)
    (Stein et al., USFS 2005)
  • 4. Research Questions
    How is forestland currently owned and used in the Hudson River watershed?
    Where and how is forestland ownership changing?
    What does this mean for the future of forests and forestry?
  • 5. The Hudson River Watershed
    Albany
    NYC
    Morning, Looking East over the Hudson Valley from Catskill Mountains
    -Frederic Edwin Church, 1844
  • 6. Hudson Watershed Landcover (2001)
    Total Area: 10.8 million Acres
    6.0% Developed
    14.6% Agriculture
    63.5% Forest
    36.9% Deciduous
    23.3% Evenly Mixed
    3.4% Coniferous
    4.3% Open Water
    (USGS GAP Analysis 2001)
  • 7. Forest Landscape Change
    “A continuum of forest loss”
    (Best and Wayburn, 2001)
    “Forest Cover Complacency Syndrome”
    (LaPierre and Germain, 2005)
    The Hudson Valley in Winter from Olana
    -Frederic Edwin Church, 1871
  • 8. Forestland Parcelization
    Tied to geography, household events, economics, lifestyle choices and market forces
    (Kleiman and Erickson 1996, DeCoster, 1998, Mehmood and Zhang 2001, King and Butler 2005, Donnelly and Evans 2008)
    Rates are not constant or connected to changes in overall population or income levels (Germain et al. 2006)
    Does not necessarily lead to forest loss or fragmentation
    (Kleiman and Erickson 1996)
  • 9. How Parcelization Affects Privately Owned Forests
    Smaller properties:
    Limit economies of scale
    Reduce access
    Are treated as “backyards” instead of “forests”
  • 10. How Parcelization Can Affect Privately Owned Forests
    Parcelization may also lead to:
    Changes in total forest area (Holdt and Civco 2004)
    (Gobster and Rickenbach 2003)
    (Kleiman and Erickson 1996)
    New owners and new values (Egan and Luloff, 2000)
    Greater numbers of owners and regulations (Wear et al. 1999)
    Changes in forest composition (Germain et al. 2007)
  • 11. Quantifying Parcelization
    National trends in private forestland ownership and parcel size
    (Birch, 1996; Leatherberry, 2001;
    Butler and Leatherberry, 2004; Zhang et al., 2005).
    County-level calculations of forest parcel number and size
    (Drzyga and Brown, 1999; LaPierre and Germain, 2005;
    Germain et al., 2006; Mundell et al 2010)
    Individual parcel change typologies
    (Germain et al., 2007; Donnelly and Evans, 2008)
    (Donnelly and Evans, 2008)
  • 12. Project Methods
    How is forestland currently owned and used?
    Determined acreage totals and distributions of current property status using 2009 Tax data
    Where and how is forestland ownership changing?
    Quantified extent of property ownership change using Sales data from 2000-2010
    Mapped changes and examined using GIS
  • 13. Data Sources
    2000-2010 County Sales Records *
    Each sales record shows:
    Buyer and seller names
    Acreage
    Property classification before sale
    Property classification at sale
    If the sale was part of an existing parcel (“Parcelized”)
    Other comments about the sale
    Coordinates of the property
    2009 County Tax Rolls
    Each tax record shows:
    • Owner name
    • 14. Acreage
    • 15. Property classification
    • 16. Land and building valuations
    • 17. Coordinates of the property
    * Excluding 161,000 acre land deal between Finch Pruyn timber Co and The Nature Conservancy, 2007
  • 18. Property Use Classifications
    Private Wild and Forest Lands- plantations, timber tracts, and forest lands without residential or agricultural uses.
    Potential Woodland:
    Agricultural- property used for the production of crops or livestock
    Rural Residential- property with 10 or more acres of land and year-round residence , may be used for agricultural production or recreation.
    Seasonal Residences- property with seasonally occupied dwelling units
    Rural Vacant land- land without dwelling units or productive farmland
    Hunting and Fishing Clubs- privately owned land managed for game fish and game.
  • 19. Existing Private Forest and Potential Woodland
  • 20. Current Land-Use Across the Watershed(2009)
    Total Number of Properties
    Total Acreage of Properties
  • 21. Watershed Property Transfers (2000-2010)
    All Types of Properties:
    986,425 parcels 4,742,833 acres
    Forest and Potential Woodland Properties:
    193,620 parcels 3,285,272 acres
    (19.6%) (69.3%)
    Parcelized Forest
    and Potential Woodland:
    17,914 parcels 347,424 acres
    (9.5%) (10.6%)
  • 22. Private Forest and Potential Woodland Transfers in Each County (2000-2010)
    (Insert Map)
  • 23. Divided Woodlands vs. Total Woodlands Sold in Each County
    (Insert Map)
  • 24. Size Differences in Property Transfers
    # of Sales per class
    Size Classes (in Acres) of Properties Transferred
  • 25. Land Use Transitions (2000-2010)
    All Land Transfers
  • 26. Parcelized Land Use Transitions
    Non-Parcelized
    Properties
    Parcelized
    Properties
  • 27. Changing Ownership
  • 28. Unplanned Property Transfers
  • 29. New Construction
    on Recently Vacant Land
    Redo 2000-2010 Acres of new construction map
  • 30. Conclusions
    How is forestland currently owned and used in the Hudson River watershed?
    Private Forest and Potential Woodland exist in the highest quantities in the northern parts of the watershed
  • 31. Conclusions
    Where and how is forestland ownership changing?
  • 32. Conclusions
    What does this mean for the future of forests and forestry?
  • 33. Future Research
  • 34. Thanks!
    Questions?
    Suggestions?
    Andrew Roe
    Cornell University
    Department of Natural Resources
    awr45@cornell.edu