COFISA: Foresight
    for Provincial Innovation


            Gauteng
    A Baseline Data Snapshot
Eskom Convention Centre...
Data sources
• COFISA baseline data study
  – In progress for E Cape, W Cape and Gauteng (IsambuloAMI)
  – Meta-data for ~...
Topics

•   Population, Poverty and Basic Services
•   Education
•   Gauteng PGDS
•   Industry
•   Research and Development
Population, Poverty
and Basic Services
Gauteng
                                            population growth
                                12


               ...
Net loss or gain of people in each province
                through inter-provincial migration over the five
             ...
Population by age group
                  (2001)
Age distribution by
                 population group
Black African
                       Coloured




 White            ...
Urban and non-urban
distribution by province
Age dependency
%age of households
living in informal dwellings
%age of households
with mains electricity
%age of households
with access to piped water
%age of households
with municipal refuse removal
%age of households
using bucket or no toilets
Poverty profile
                                  Poverty index: composite of:
                                     –   Fe...
Education
Percentage school
attendance of 7-15 year olds
Highest level of
educational attainment (>20 yrs)
University growth points:
                                   Publications
•   University of Pretoria                   •  ...
Gauteng Provincial
    Growth and
Development Strategy
Provincial innovation
       systems in South Africa
“But what emerges from the work so far
suggests that regional or loca...
Gauteng PGDS,
            Trade and Industry Strategy
•   Emphasises the role of innovation:
     – Realignment of manufac...
Industry
Industrial
                                   specialisations
                             (Provincial share >20% of natio...
Farming operations
            (2001)
Gross agricultural
          income
Research &
Development (R&D)
Technology
                 Achievement Index (TAI)

The provincial TAIs ranking as follows:
• Top:
     Gauteng, Western ...
Summary
These data seem to indicate that:
• Other provinces’ most productive (& innovative?) people
  migrating to Gauteng...
Thank
   You
bday@scientia.co.za
Poverty indicators
(proportion: score out of 100)
Knowledge intensity
                                           and innovation
Industrial activity   R&D investments       ...
%age of households
with access to piped water
%age of households
with access to piped water
HIV prevalence
(antenatal clinic attendees)
Educational attainment
     20+ years (2001)
Percentage of households
using electricity for lighting
Percentage of households
using electricity for cooking
Gauteng Baseline Snapshot November 2007
Gauteng Baseline Snapshot November 2007
Gauteng Baseline Snapshot November 2007
Gauteng Baseline Snapshot November 2007
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Gauteng Baseline Snapshot November 2007

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Gauteng Baseline Snapshot November 2007

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Gauteng Baseline Snapshot November 2007

  1. 1. COFISA: Foresight for Provincial Innovation Gauteng A Baseline Data Snapshot Eskom Convention Centre, Midrand, 15th November 2007 Peter Greenwood & Bob Day Non-Zero-Sum Development
  2. 2. Data sources • COFISA baseline data study – In progress for E Cape, W Cape and Gauteng (IsambuloAMI) – Meta-data for ~800 datasets, at different degrees of disaggregation – CeSTII innovation data disaggregated to provincial level by December • Gauteng baseline data – Only ~180 datasets currently (freely) available with data that is disaggregated down to the province or finer – Our sources for Gauteng: • Human Sciences Research Council • Statistics South Africa • Gauteng Provincial Government
  3. 3. Topics • Population, Poverty and Basic Services • Education • Gauteng PGDS • Industry • Research and Development
  4. 4. Population, Poverty and Basic Services
  5. 5. Gauteng population growth 12 10 Gauteng Population (millions) 8 6 4 2 0 1996 2001 2007 Year
  6. 6. Net loss or gain of people in each province through inter-provincial migration over the five years preceding October 2001 500000 400000 300000 Population 200000 100000 0 -100000 -200000 -300000 EC LP FS KZN MP NC NW WC GP -400000 Province Source: Statistics South Africa, Census 2001
  7. 7. Population by age group (2001)
  8. 8. Age distribution by population group Black African Coloured White Indian/Asian
  9. 9. Urban and non-urban distribution by province
  10. 10. Age dependency
  11. 11. %age of households living in informal dwellings
  12. 12. %age of households with mains electricity
  13. 13. %age of households with access to piped water
  14. 14. %age of households with municipal refuse removal
  15. 15. %age of households using bucket or no toilets
  16. 16. Poverty profile Poverty index: composite of: – Female-headed households Tshwane Metsweding – Social security – Illiteracy – Rate of unemployment Joburg – Household income – Crowding West – Dwelling type Rand – Sanitation Ekurhuleni – Water – Electricity – Refuse removal – Malnutrition Sedibeng
  17. 17. Education
  18. 18. Percentage school attendance of 7-15 year olds
  19. 19. Highest level of educational attainment (>20 yrs)
  20. 20. University growth points: Publications • University of Pretoria • University of Witwatersrand – Biological Sciences – Chemical Sciences – Mechanical and Industrial – Mathematical Science Engineering – Mechanical and Industrial – Information, Computing and Engineering Communication Sciences – Resource Engineering – Nursing Sciences – Architecture and Urban Environment – Public Health and Health Services – Dentistry – Medical Physiology – Medical Physiology – Medical Microbiology – Economics and Business – Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences • University of South Africa • Tshwane University of Technology – Education – Publication data only at faculty level
  21. 21. Gauteng Provincial Growth and Development Strategy
  22. 22. Provincial innovation systems in South Africa “But what emerges from the work so far suggests that regional or local innovation systems exist, if at all, only in Gauteng and Western Cape, and possibly in KZN, but nowhere else.” REGIONAL AND LOCAL INNOVATION SYSTEMS A study on behalf of NACI March 2007 (unpublished) So: an innovation system exists in Gauteng, but only just?
  23. 23. Gauteng PGDS, Trade and Industry Strategy • Emphasises the role of innovation: – Realignment of manufacturing; – Smart industries; – Financial and business services • Some objectives: – Higher-value added production in manufacturing – Expansion of high-tech industries and technological activities • But: – Some objectives rely on a functioning knowledge economy – How should relationships between producers and users of knowledge manifest themselves at the local level? – How may the provincial government contribute to generating positive dynamics? – What are the systemic requirements for innovation? – What is the innovation strategy?
  24. 24. Industry
  25. 25. Industrial specialisations (Provincial share >20% of national total) • Gauteng • Western Cape – Manufacturing – Agriculture, forestry and • Metals, metal products, fishing machinery, equipment – Food, beverages and • Other non-metal mineral tobacco products – Textiles, clothing and • Electrical machinery and leather goods apparatus – Finance and business • Radio, TV, instruments, services watches, clocks • Furniture and other manufacturing – Construction • Eastern Cape – Wholesale and retail trade, – Transport equipment catering and accommodation – Finance and business services
  26. 26. Farming operations (2001)
  27. 27. Gross agricultural income
  28. 28. Research & Development (R&D)
  29. 29. Technology Achievement Index (TAI) The provincial TAIs ranking as follows: • Top: Gauteng, Western Cape, and KwaZulu-Natal • Average: Mpumalanga, Free State, and North West • Bottom: Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, and Limpopo (DST 2005, 28)
  30. 30. Summary These data seem to indicate that: • Other provinces’ most productive (& innovative?) people migrating to Gauteng (& Western Cape) • Origin of poverty rural – urban poverty inherited • Gauteng has 2nd lowest levels of poverty in RSA, but growing? Is migration a threat or an opportunity? • Many scientific growth areas in HEIs, but how relevant to future needs of RSA (poverty and exports)? • Innovation System exists in Gauteng, but only just? • More work needed to turn (many?) provincial knowledge- intensive competencies into innovation • What is the innovation strategy? • Gauteng dominates manufacturing, construction, retail trade, financial and business services. How much R&D and innovation in these sectors? • 90% urban population, few farming units and limited land, yet highly productive (& innovative?) agricultural sector
  31. 31. Thank You bday@scientia.co.za
  32. 32. Poverty indicators (proportion: score out of 100)
  33. 33. Knowledge intensity and innovation Industrial activity R&D investments Patents: IOM Patents: SOU Metals, metal Basic metals Basic metals Basic metals products, machinery and equipment Electrical machinery Insulated wire and cable Insulated wire and and appliances cable Radio, TV, Medical appliances and Radio, TV, Radio, TV, instruments, instruments and appliances instruments, instruments, for measuring, checking, watches and watches and clocks watches and clocks testing, navigating and clocks other purposes; Instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes, except industrial process control equipment; Optical instruments and photographic equipment
  34. 34. %age of households with access to piped water
  35. 35. %age of households with access to piped water
  36. 36. HIV prevalence (antenatal clinic attendees)
  37. 37. Educational attainment 20+ years (2001)
  38. 38. Percentage of households using electricity for lighting
  39. 39. Percentage of households using electricity for cooking
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