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ICT for Development


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ICT for Development is a TEDxKabul Talk presentation presented on 11 Oct 2012 Kabul, Afghanistan. The Presentation describes the key areas of development in the ICT sector. It also describes the involvement of woman in the development on ICT.

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ICT for Development

  1. 1. Information and Communications TechnologyICT & Socio-economicDevelopment and Growth Karen E. Black Senior ICT Advisor, Deloitte TED-ex Kabul October 11, 2012
  2. 2. The Afghan ICT Sector ICT Contribution to GIRoA Revenues in• ICT is one of USD (Millions) 2002-2011 Afghanistan’s best 200 190.15 success stories 180 167.33 160 – Has attracted over 140 131 US$2B in investment 120 – Second biggest 100 100 85 90.93 contributor to treasury 80 66.28 – Employs over 110,000 60 people 40 19.37 – Pays among the highest 20 12.15 2.23 wages in the country 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Source: ATRA
  3. 3. Afghan ICT Infrastructure Fiber Infrastructure Mobile Coverage• OFC 64% complete (2,017 of 3,100 km) • Six competitive MNOs• Central and NE spurs to begin Jan 2013 • 18.8M subscribers• Interconnected to five neighbors • 70% penetration; 88% coverage Sources: MCIT, TAT, and LINREasia • CAGR of and 77.95% since 2002
  4. 4. Internet = Income3G Mobile Broadband In six developing countries, mobile• Three 3G licenses awarded telephony increased GDP between• 3G service in several cities 3.7% and 6.2%. Source: Deloitte• Allows broadband Internet access from smartphones and web-enabled devices• Ahead of Pakistan and IranBroadband Wireless Access• Five spectrum permits to A 10% increase in broadband be awarded to ISPs Internet penetration in developing• Allows “last mile” access to countries is estimated to correspond the Internet for enterprises to a 1.38% increase in GDP. and institutions Source: The World Bank
  5. 5. Central Asian ICT Hub
  6. 6. ICT is an ENABLER• Of legitimate governance• Of socio-economic development and growth• Of empowerment and equality
  7. 7. “80% of the benefits of ICT come from its use …” Source: Atkins Mobile Money - Salary payment - Electronic wallet - Loan repayment - SILK-Afghanistan - Crop prices, spot market - Bill payment - AfREN/KREN - Weather, news and trends e-Finance “ICTs play a catalytic role in e-Agriculture creating opportunities for ICT4EDU people in every walk of - Telemedicine - MoPH HMIS ICT4Health ICT life, especially for those - Mobile medical apps among us who are vulnerable Women and disadvantaged … while AoS providing the framework for NIXA- ITU Year of Women and Girls in ICT long-term sustainable- Etisalat mHawala Gender Program- TechWomen Afghanistan development.”- Internet cafes for women and girls -- UN Secretary General- Internet schools for girls National Internet Exchange of Dr. Hamadoun Touré Afghanistan - Local content Research and - Local traffic innovation
  8. 8. What’s In Your Head? What do all these items have in common? They were invented BY WOMEN!
  9. 9. ICT = Empowerment• Decrease Access to • Fundamental human right discrimination, injustice, an • Absolutely critical to the Information empowerment of women d inequality• Allow for innovation and opportunity• Create positive change• Give women a voice Women are a Gender Equality Afghan stabilizing Creates Women and innovative force Stability and Need ICT for Afghanistan Prosperity and the world• “Investing in women • “Equality is a socio- results in substantial economic imperative” returns.” ICT is a an • “Countries with greater• Stronger women = Enabler equality have stronger stronger communities economies.”
  10. 10. The Digital Gender Divide• ICT can empower women ONLY IF gender dimensions are identified, understood, and addressed. (UNESCO, 2003)• ICT can reinforce and reproduce patterns of gender segregation. (ILO, 2001)• Unless the digital gender divide is specifically addressed, ICT may exacerbate existing inequalities and create new ones. (Sandys, 2005)• ICT policy must ensure women benefit from ICT. (UNESCO, 2003)• Technologies should suit women rather than forcing women to adapt to technology. (Rathgeber to UN, 2009)• Access, training, and relevance are key. (UNESCO, 2003)
  11. 11. “We Can’t Afford to Ignore Half the Population”• Half the world’s seven billion people are female• Women represent 40% of the workforce worldwide• Over 50% of the worlds university students are women• Women face formal and Afghan Population by Age and Gender informal barriers that 00-04 05-09 hinder their potential 10-14 15-19 20-24• Women entrepreneurs 25-29 30-34 lack the skills, technology, 35-39 40-44 45-49 networks, and access to 50-54 55-59 Female Male finance to be successful 60-64 65+ 0 500,000 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,000 2,500,000 3,000,000 Source: Afghan Central Statistics Organization Source: Cherie Blair
  12. 12. What are You Missing?According to the United Nations, if women weregiven the opportunity to achieve their fullpotential, the Asia-Pacific economy could earn$89 billion annually.