Chap 23 the informative speech
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Chap 23 the informative speech

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O’ Hair, Dan, Stewart, Rob, Rubenstein, Hannah, A Speaker’s Guidebook, Bedford St. Martin (2009)

O’ Hair, Dan, Stewart, Rob, Rubenstein, Hannah, A Speaker’s Guidebook, Bedford St. Martin (2009)

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Chap 23 the informative speech Chap 23 the informative speech Presentation Transcript

  • 23 The Informative Speech
  • Objectives of Informative Speaking
    • To communicate knowledge.
    • To raise audience awareness about a topic.
    • To provide additional information to audience’s current knowledge base.
    • To shape perceptions.
    • To demonstrate how something works.
    • To describe an event.
  • Types of Informational Speeches
    • About objects or phenomena
    • About people
    • About events
    • About processes
    • About issues
    • About complex concepts
        • Table 23.1
  • Defining Information
    • Etymology: By illustrating the root or historical meanings of the term
    • Operational: By explaining what it does
    • Negation: By describing what it is not
    • Example: By providing concrete examples of it
    • Synonym: By comparing it with something it is like
  • Speeches of Demonstration
    • “How-to” speech, be prepared to use objects, models, or diagrams to demonstrate the process.
    • Choose topics that are unusual – items that you’ve never seen demonstrated before which you know how to do.
  • Speeches of Explanation
    • Provide detailed descriptions of persons, places, or things.
    • Provide reasons or causes for the concept.
    • Demonstrate relationships between two things.
    • Offer interpretation and analysis about the item.
  • Strategies for Reducing Confusion
    • Use analogies to build on prior knowledge
    • Demonstrate underlying causes
    • Check audience for understanding
    • Appeal to different learning styles
  • Organizing the Informative Speech
    • Choose the speech pattern that best fits the type of informative speech you are giving.
    • Organize your main points appropriately to the speech pattern.
    • Match your audio/visual aids to the speech pattern.
  • Matching Speech Type & Pattern
    • OBJECTS – spatial or topical
    • PEOPLE – topical, narrative, or chronological
    • EVENTS – topical, chronological, causal, or narrative
    • PROCESSES – chronological, spatial, or causal
    • CONCEPTS – topical, causal, or circular
    • ISSUES – topical, chronological, causal, circular
  • Bibliography
    • O’ Hair, Dan, Stewart, Rob, Rubenstein, Hannah, A Speaker’s Guidebook , Bedford St. Martin (2009)