Theory of Morality
1
We make moral judgements of behaviour by consulting
our conscience (which could be defined as “the
intersection of the min...
Realmofthesoul(motivation)
Realmofthesoul(motivation)
Realm of the mind (knowledge)
Realmofthesoul(motivation)
Realm of the mind (knowledge)
Wrong
Right/
Misguided
Right
Right
Right
RightRight/
Misguided
Wr...
Realmofthesoul(motivation)
Realm of the mind (knowledge)
Wrong
Right/
Misguided
Divine
Right
Right
Right
RightRight/
Misgu...
Moral judgements are not always black and
white.
• Some behaviours are hard to judge because:
– Interactions between motiv...
When we are choosing our own behaviour,
it is our conscience that guides us.
• Our own moral intentions could be said to e...
Self-interest
• Self interest is never good, but it doesn’t seems as bad if the
consequences are net neutral or net positi...
Lessons
• By tapping into the connectedness of all things, we can make
better moral judgements.
• If we wish to judge, the...
Theory of morality
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Theory of morality

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Theory of morality

  1. 1. Theory of Morality 1
  2. 2. We make moral judgements of behaviour by consulting our conscience (which could be defined as “the intersection of the mind and the soul”.) • We do this by comparing a behaviour’s motivation with its impact. • When motivation and impact are perceived to be good, we judge an action to be “right”. • When motivation and impact are perceived to be bad, we judge an action to be “wrong”. 2
  3. 3. Realmofthesoul(motivation)
  4. 4. Realmofthesoul(motivation) Realm of the mind (knowledge)
  5. 5. Realmofthesoul(motivation) Realm of the mind (knowledge) Wrong Right/ Misguided Right Right Right RightRight/ Misguided Wrong/ Ambiguous Wrong/ Ambiguous
  6. 6. Realmofthesoul(motivation) Realm of the mind (knowledge) Wrong Right/ Misguided Divine Right Right Right RightRight/ Misguided Wrong/ Ambiguous Wrong/ Ambiguous Malevolent
  7. 7. Moral judgements are not always black and white. • Some behaviours are hard to judge because: – Interactions between motivation and impact can be paradoxical. – We are often working with incomplete information about how a person has weighed the consequences of their behaviour. 8
  8. 8. When we are choosing our own behaviour, it is our conscience that guides us. • Our own moral intentions could be said to emanate from the “realm of the soul”. • Our assessment of the net impact of our behaviour on other lives emanates from the “realm of the mind”. • Individual moral decisions are therefore always personal and subjective, as they can only be made within the parameters of what is known. • Because “what is known” can have infinite variations, there are no moral absolutes. • Moral absolutes require infinite knowledge of the connection of all things. 9
  9. 9. Self-interest • Self interest is never good, but it doesn’t seems as bad if the consequences are net neutral or net positive. • It is well known that the more we can remove ourselves from the consequences of our actions, the easier it is to act in self interest. • Capitalism and globalisation remove us from the consequences of our actions. 10
  10. 10. Lessons • By tapping into the connectedness of all things, we can make better moral judgements. • If we wish to judge, the first thing we must do is increase our knowledge of the unique circumstances of the moral dilemma. • We need to build societies and ways of living in the world that bring us into greater contact with the consequences of our decisions. • Ultimately, because we can’t know the connectedness of all things, we must: – Focus on the “now”. – Direct our moral intentions towards those we are with (regardless of species). – Do the right thing by them. • If all of us do this, we will create a self-perpetuating cycle of good. 11

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