A LETTER FROM THE CHAIR TO THE PRIME MINISTER This IS the third annual report ofthe Natjonol Round Table. i hope that it will convey to you an lmpressrop thot the Round Table has grown rapidly toward maturity - that it has defined and engaged some ofthe major issues ofsustainable development in Canada and abroad, and that progress on several fioonts is now palpable. 3ur foremost commitment throughout the year was preparat!on for the United Nations Conference on the Envrronment and Development - the “earth sum,&’ - which culminated In the meeting of heads ofstote in Rio dejoneiro injune. The Round Table’s Committee on Foreign Poky ontrcrpated the importance of LIKED over three years ago. Tile conference was expected to be a major opportunity for advancement ofsustainable devei’opment oround the globe. This interest and concern wus first signoiied to you in our inaugural annual report ofJune 1990. The Round Tobie tendered formal advice to you in March i 992, addressing Issues ofstrotegy as well GS substance. At your suggestion we hod useful dialogue with the Minister of External Afairs, the Minister of the Environment, and senior oflc;als who were engaged K UNCED preparations. Two of our meriloers, Pierre Morc]ohnson ondjim MocNeili, joined the Canadian delegotron to UNCED, and were active participants in RIO. in the aftermath it is clear that the Canadian deiegction, with your strong ieadershjp, had o major and positive impact on the outcome. Your initiative OS the first signatory ofrhe Convention on Biodiversrty was noticed around the world, and mcy have been a crucial step in the recruitment of other s’gnctor;es. For this, as we/l as many other srgnificont :nterventions, you and your support team ore to be congratulated. it is too e&y yet for on appraisal of UNCED. Many who poped for global unanimity and funding on o scale commensurate with the problems are disappointed. Realists will recognize, however, that co,mmrtment to revolutionary change which must ultimately embrace all nations connot be achieved ovemigr?t.
The successes and failures of UNCED will become filly apparent in the months and years to come.While some Important parts ofthe famewok fir a sustainabie global ecology and economy havebeen concejved, no doubt much ingenuity, effort and expense wrli be required to consummate theachievements and provide remedies for the fiilures.for Canad/ans the most important outcome may be the widespread realfzotion that we have aremarkable opportunq to influence decisive/y the courSe ofevents on a global scale, to make theBrundtiand ‘vIs:on a reality. The momentum generated at the Earth Summz must be sustained. Wemust not become combiacent, but must work to implement the goals and agreements reached otthe &mm/t The Round Tab/e will launch its own initiatives in this regard and will be responsive toyour suggestions.This report sets other important achievements ofthe Round Table and the issues which are currentlyengaging our attention and effort i hope that you will share my conviction that we are continuing tomeet the expectations for advancement ofsustainable development that you adopted f&r yeanago and which have continued to guide your actions.DR. GEORGE CONNELL
enge -. e ha:/e entered the world’s fourth, great We know :hat in the time It will take today’s children to become grandparentsrevolJtion The first three - the agricultural, incusirtal, ano information revolutions - were we wil hae to construct an entlre dupli- cate world to accommodate a doubling ofdlfCereO-:. They reorganized society to produce no~.e effectively. The fourth great social population If all peoples have the eccnomlc ability to participate, if sustain-upneaval, the ecologIca revolution, will, we hooe, -eorganize society to produce without sole development IS achieved, it couldcestrucriveness. But it will do so only if we steer the gathering momentum away from its prese? the most magnificent opportunity hdmarklnd has ever had. There IS a poten-cdl-rent destructive path. t al for everyone to benefit; for repatriating If we are not successful, if we fail to estab- to the disadvantaged a decent quality of 11s~a sustainable society, a deepening ,iv!ng; for stimulating economic well-being shadcw w II be thrown across all life on In all paTs of the world; for guaranteeing th’s o’anet Our choice is not whether we the cant nclance of species. w,sh this revolution to take place. There is no s-:opp~ng it. Our only choice, is in how The destrLdive trends which we are we shape It. seeing have therr origins in the industrial revolution The means of diverting them, We know the power for ruin of the of ach evlng sustainable development, will changes 8, motion: n the defacement of our come from the Information revolution - ,worlc, the disinheritance of peoples, the from our ability to gather, process, and el mlnat!on of species, the proliferation of cissem nate information, from empowering poverty We are only beginning to grasp people with knowledge and responsibility, the oower to create reciprocating, plane- and f-cm developing skills to Innovate and :ar-y well-being that can spring from a mob811ze response. ;IISICI- o1 balance, harmony, and interde- oende-ce; an emphasis on sharing and co- As w#:h all revolutions, however. institu- operation; a heightened sense of economic tions tha; once worked so well, so often nter-reliance; and an accelerating determi- now are stiff and sillted, ill-sulted to the ?atlon to find and presence an equilibrium. thalle-ge of change. In large part our major Institutions acquired their present contours 117the industrial age. In historical terms, the information revolution came upon us so quickly that we have not yet had time to fully adapt. And now a new revo,htlon is forcing upon us still different demands
THE CHALLENGEThe round table movement is unique to The fundamental difficulty with so many of Hlerarchlal structures for authority areCanada. it tries to reach across all institu- our institutions is that they reflect characterstlc of our institutions, yet wetional lrnes, be they governmental, mlndsets rooted in industrial society that know that we need broadly-basedbusiness, occupational, social, political, channelled everything: information, action, empowerment if we are going to respondenv ronmental, or regional, in order to status, and authority. Ecological impacts, successfu ly to current needs. Time andencourage the flexibility of response however, overFlow channels. Once an agair the United Nations’ Worldnecessary for the transition to a sustain- lnstitutlon has made a decision the ecolog- CornmIssion on Environment andable society. In particular, it seeks to ical lmoacts spread out, inundating areas Development (the Brundtland Report)identify more clearly the economic far removed from the origlnal decision. stressed the need for establishing a muchpathways to sustainable development. Each decision is like a stone thrown Into a wider responsibility. pool creating widening circles of conse-The Nat onal Round Table on the quences which multiply, interact and The concept of sovereignty has beenEnvironment and the Economy is just one IreInforce change. Tracking, assessing, and sacrosanct since the settling of Northround table. There is also a round table for dealing with those ripples is not something America. In Canada it carries over inevery province and territory and at the that our institutions have been well modified form from the federal level intomuncipal level there are more than a equipped to do, especially when it takes the prov,ncial. But exclusivity works againsthundred round tables with additional ones then Into the jurisdiction of some other the Interdependence that is so much abeing formed each year. Institution or into an area where they lack part of ecological realities. expertise.To quote oending federal legislation, the We -se the adversarial system in parlia-NatIonaN Round Table “IS to play the role Those mlndsets resulted tn immense indus- ment, In the courts, and in labour-manage-of catalyst in identifying, explaining and trial and social advances. Standardizatlon as ment relations to resolve differences. Butpromoting, in all sectors of Canadian a goal n everything from education to whatever the outcome it still leaves bothsociety and in all regions of Canada, princi- product on lines resulted in efficiency, sides as adversaries. What the ecologyples and practices of sustainable develop- predictability, and the ability to control needs is not adversaries but benefactors;ment....” The act defines sustainable devel- q&ty. However, to cope with the ecolog- consensus decision making which enlistopment as “development that meets the ical revolution we also need the ability to supporters, not adversarial struggles whichneeds of The present generatron without enhance diversity. create wnners and losers.compromlsing the ability of future genera-Yons to meet their own needs.” Vertlcai categories for government Competitlon IS invaluab!e as an incentive minIstrIes, the sciences, corporate depart- to i-norove and to develop effclencies. But ments, professional specialties, and just sornetlmes it overshadows the requisite about everything else, mark our society. co-operation so desperately needed in the Yet to deal with the ripple effect of ecology ecolog;cal impacts we need to be sensitive to horizontal relationships.
Central authority in government and Conflict is often seen as an essential business allows for consistency in action, a dynamic of society. In fact a recent publi-comprehens,ble profile to outsiders which catlon dealing with sustainable develop-can instIll confidence, and a coherent role ment credited It with raising issues,for subordinates. But central authorities forming new constituencies, and effectinghave difficulty dealing with the multiplicity social change. However, what the ecologyand complexrty of ecological issues. They urgently needs is not more conflict, butare too far away from the specifics. harmony.Decentrallzation takes decision makingmuch closer to the problems and to In the past, regulation has been one of thepossible solutions. principal instruments in resolving conflict. It has simply set down what must, or mustSince the time of Thomas Hobbes, promo- not, be done. However it will be counter-tion of individual rights has been the productive to rely too much on regulation.touchstone of progressive thinking. The ecological revolution will be teemingHowever the touchstone in the ecological with potential conflict and If regulation isrevolution will be collective rights. For the fundamental means of dealing with it,instance the enhancement of diversity, by there will be such a glut of laws, directives,definition, Involves collective rights guidelines, and assessments that the nationbecause it deals with producing benefits will tie itself I? knots trying to wend itsnot for specific Individuals but for all way through them all - to say nothing ofpeople. the morass of litgation that would accom- pany them.Looked at another way, under the systemof common law n English Canada, what is It will be far preferable to establishnot prohibrted is permitted. Consequently, common goals, common attitudes, aall regulation almed at ecologIcal sustain- common understanding. In other words,ability restricts what otherwlse would be far better tc emphasize harmony throughpermitted and Immediately IS, again by education by identifying the economicdefinition, an infringement of private rights advantages of sustarnability and the- rights to property or to freedom of benefits of a fess destructive existence.action of irdividua!s or companies. Finally, the main measure of economicTension between Individual and collective progress over the past two centuries hasrights will not end. But sustainability will be been the measurement of quantity ofslowed unless t’lere are clearly enunciated which gross domestic product is now themutual targets. prime example. The main measure of progress in the ecological revolution will be much more difficult to quantify; it will be the ability of the economy to sustain the quality of llfe In all Its forms.
THE c ALLENGE The ilat,onal Round Table was created rn 1988. If lnstitutlors are organs within the body polit c, inen it is the lnterstlclal spaces that are the focds of the round table movement. Those ape the spaces across which lie the connect o-s, Ln o%en constricted, to and from the institutions. It is because connections are cons’ricted th;t the body politic has reacted slug@y over the past thirty years to ecological warnings The task of the round tables is to help strengthen the connections, to help vitallze tne body, because it will need to improve its -eflexes significantly If IT is to cope a; all weI1 Lvi:h the ecological revolution The techniques used by the National In -he past year it has participated in Round Table are stralghtforward: to draw studies covering a broad range of issues; its membersi-ip from across the full launched two very large education spectrum of Canadian life so that it can programs, one aimed at formal and the brlrg dmversit’y, horizontal relatronships, and other at Informal education; co-operated w der;ng!ng expertise to any issue and to in what can broadly be described as any relationship; to act as a catalyst and forums for learnlng through workshops, co-3rd nator among people and institu- confe-ences internships and training tions for those very same reasons, but also programs; organlzed dialogues among to encourage commitment to sustainable Interested oarties in forestry and tourism; development, empowerment among those c.apped two years of debate and analysis anxious to participate, and decentralizatlon ?N th a repo-t to the Prime Minister recom- of dec’sio- making; and to conduct its menaing positions for Canada to take at operatsons by consensus so as to enlist -:he Unrted Nations Conference on the support, foster co-operation and promote Envt-ocmer,t and Development held in harmony ,ine at RIO de Janeiro: engaged with others r pubi shlng a variety of handbooks and Its members include corporate executives, -eports, and developed a strategic plan, an community activists, federal and provincial Integral part of which involved what has go;iernment ministers, scientists, labour beeq caliec a “roundtabling exercise,” a leaders economists, private envlronmen- series of regional consultations across tal’sts, academics, the former secretary Canada ti-at Invited broad and diverse general of tne Brundtland commlss1on, g-oclps of people to drscuss what should farm ard fisheries representatives, and be tre direction and prloritles ofthe abo-igIna oeoples. Natioral Round Table. Above a!l It was a year that emphasized tnat peoole everywhere It- Canada are eager to participate in furthering sustain- able development. And that they are Iknowledgeable about the challenges we face A ) they need IS direction and oppor- ruritv
strateg imperatia:es s a first step after its inception, the National Round Table setobjectives which would promote sustainable deve’opment. Ii declared that fundamental to them ,s an awarenessthat. “The natural world and its component life foons and the ability of that world to regenerate ,tself throughits own evolution has basic value. Within and among human societies, fairness, equality, diversity. and self-reliance are pervasive characteristics of development that is sustainable.”THE OBJECTIVES ARE TO ESTABLISH: *Stewardship *Conservation l Scientific and Technological Innovation We must preserve the capacity of the We must maintain and enhance essential We most support education and biosphere to evolve by managing our ecologIcal processes, biological diversity research and development of technol- social and economic activities for the and li’e support systems of our environ- gies, goods and setvices essential to benefit of present and fuuture generations. ment and natural resources. maintaining environmental quality, social and cuitural values and economic growth. l Shored Responsibility ~Energy and Resource Management Everyone shares the responsibility for a Overall, we must reduce the energy and *international Responsibility sustainable society. All sectors must work resource content of growth, harvest We must think globally when we act towards ti?is common purpose, with each renewable resources on a sustainable loca!ly. Global responsibility requires being accountable for its decisions and basis and make wise and efficient use of ecological interdependence among actions, in a spirit of partnership and otir non-renewable resources. provinces and nations, and an obligation open cooperation. to zccelerate the integration of environ- *Waste Management men& social, cultural and economic *Prevention and Resilience We must first endeavour to reduce the goals. By working cooperatively within We must try to anticipate and prevent production of waste then reuse, recycle Canada and internationally, we can future proo!ems by avoiding the negative ancl recover waste by-products of our develop comprehensive and equitable environmental, economic, social and lndllstrlai and domestic activities. so’utlons to problems. cultural impacts of policy, programs, decisions an development activities. ~Rehabilitation and Reclamation *Global Development Consistent With All Recognlz ng that there will always be Our future policies, programs and devel Other Objectives enwronmental and other events which oprrent must endeavour to rehabilitate Canada should support methods that are we cannot anticipate, we should also and reclaim damaged environments. consltent with the preceding objectives strive to increase social economic and when assisting developing nations. envlronmental resilience in the face of change.
Last year, folIowIng a series of “round- The National Round Table also identified Through its first two-and-a-half years, thetabling” consultations across Canada, the the kinds of actlvlties that it will undertake. National Rounc Table maintained commit-National Round Table adopted the follow- tees which were responsible for develop-ing strategic Imperatives as priorities for It will focus on: ing initiatives, presenting them to Plenaryguiding its activltles: *too/s fir measunng and for approval, and then implementing them. promoting sustainable development;I. Acknowledging the need for growth Last year the Natlonal Round Table *sector-o/ issues; and sufiicient to meet human needs and changed the system. Now the Plenary asp/rations, *cross-sectoral Issues. develops inltlatives and assigns them to a but also: task force for rmplementation. Currently2. Rap/d/y reducing the energy and resource Under “Tools” it will concentrate on four there are task forces on Consensus content ojgrowth; areas: Decision Making, Economic Instruments, *accountabIlIty,3. increasing equity wIthin nations and Sustainabilrty and Prosperity, Biodiversity, between developed and developing *indicators o~s~~stainoble development; and Education. In addition, there are a nations; *economic incentives: and number of initiatrves undertaken jointly4. Reducing high rates of population growth; *consensus deck/on making. with other organlzatlons..5. Reducing certarn forms of consumption;6. Conserving and enhancing the resource Under “Sectoral Issues” it considers energy base; and resource management to be most7. Estabkhing more open information critical for Canada and consequently it will systems; deal with:8. Encouraging hrgh rates of investment to lsustainobie forests; restore capital which has been iost; *sustainable energy use;9. Changing lnstxutlons In ways that will ensure environmental and economic issues *sustainable agricuiture: are integrated during decision making. *fresh water Under “Cross-sectoral Issues” it adopts an ecosystemic approach to planning by concentrating on subjects that pass, as a common thread, through various sectors. For instance biodlversity, global warming, poverty, ant acid rain are cross-sectoral issues. And so were the three issues on which the National Round Table focused its advice to the Prime Minister concerning Canada’s position at the Earth Summit at Rio de Janeiro because each was common to the majority of the agenda items placed before the conference
he National Round Tan;e has declared that it will be an agent ofoarge for sustainable development - by being a catalyst, partner, advisor, promoter, Inter-preter, contributor, researcher, and clearlnghouse for nformatlon. In short, by being andaoirg everythIng it can as a multi-dlsclplinary. multi~jurisdictlonal, and multi-interest bodythat has but one mandate: to reconcile divergent nte*ests to the primacy of sustainabledevelopment. To that end it engaged in the fol’owlng initiatrves last year. REPORTING TO THE PRI lNlSTER The National Round -Fable presented to term.” It offered a number oi suggestions the Prime Minister a “Memorandum of which, if Implemented woulc: Advice” on what Canada s role could be at the United Nations Conference on the l Improve the ability of International insti- Environment and Development n Rio de tutions to integrate ecological issues Janeiro. The NRT’s Task Fo-ce on Foreign with political, social, a-d economic Policy commissioned severa, research issues; papers and dedicatec almost two years of its thinking to deve!oaing the memoran- 0 provide new approaches -.o technologi- dum which was based on :he premise that, cal co-operation berween -he industriai- “Progress toward sustainable development lred and the less developec nations: and IS truly meaningful only if It IS conceived and practised on a global scale.” * for the forseeable future olace the direct cost of progress cn a global scale upon Recommendations centred on only three the Industrialized nations ano commit issues - namely reform of International Canada to a leadershIp role 17 moblllzlng institutions, technological co-operation, financial resources to ach eve sustainable and financial resources - necause they deveiopment at home and abroad. were the ones upon which the success of all agenda items depended and because The Prime Minister responded by letter “Significant progress on these issues would saying, “. it is clear that the Round Table facilitate agreements in orher areas and has produced a high calibre and thought- would create durable In+astructure, provoking set of recommendations. They relationships and resources for the long will be of tremendcus assistance....”
INITRATIVES COLLABORATING IN SECTOR DIALOGUES The National Round Table acted as a The Tourism Industry Assoclatlon of catalyst to establish a forest round table Canada agreed to take a ‘cad role with the with the broadest collection of Interests National Round Table in setting up a ever assembled. There are th-ee objec- dialogue on sustaInable developmen: in tives: to develop a vision ard orlnclples for the sector and, together with the Rcund sustaInable development 17 Canada’s Tables of P.E.I. and Saska:chewan, formed forests: to have each part cipant develop a Steering Committee to lnaugu*ate the an action plan for its cont.-lbution to first meeting of 2 I Stakehclde-s n Halifax sustainable development; and to make In early 199 I, including groups such as recommendations to governments and provincial ministries, the Canadian other jurisdictions. There are 25 partici- Automobile Association, the Canadian pants including representatives from tndus- Wildlife Federation, a representative of try, unions, the Aboriginal Forestry First Nations groups, Heritage Canada and Association, the NRT, and the Serra Club. the Canadian Parks Service. As part of So far there IS agreement on 26 principles phase one, the goal of the group was to and some particrpants have developed hammer out a set of guIdelInes and codes individual plans or codes of practice. of practice for sustainable developrrent which could be adopted by al Stakeholders In the Tourism secTor. In a report prepared by Lou D’Arrour, retained to co-ordinate the D,alogue, these Principles and Practrces were initially applied to specific sectors w thin the Tourism industry such as: Accommodation, Foodseruice, Tour Operators and Ministries of Tourism. These Codes and Guidelines for Sustainab’e Tour SM were enthusiastically acceptec at the Tourism Industry Association of Canaca’s Annual meeting in February, 1992. With Provincial Round Taoles tn Saskatchewan, Prince Ecward Is’anc, Manitoba, and Alberta endorsing this initia- tive, discussions are now underway to implement the Codes and Guidelines as Phase II of this Dialogue process It IS hoped that Phase II will be ‘uncec n pat-t by the Environmental Partnersh p Fund under the Green Plan, for which a proposal is currently be ng preoared.
PROMOTING EDUCATION initiatives to solIcit lndivldual and commu- nity involvemer.: and, at the same time, to reinforce exrstlng programs and initiativesSustainable development applies to all The Shad Valley Program at the University across Canada. PartrcioACTlON woulddisciplines and should be taught in elemen- of British Coltmbra IS a summer course in carry responsibility for implementation.tary and secondary schools not as a technology and entrepreneurship for inter- The program would Include year-roundseparate field of study but as part of most ested senior high school students. The public service messages, televisionacademic subjects. At the instigation of the National Rcund Table introduced into the programs, educatIonal and motivatronalNational Round Table a Sustainable program a sustainable development materials for community leaders, multi-Development Education Program was module that offers crltical analysis of scien- stakeholder coalrtlons, and commmunitylaunched to develop programs for educa- tific and technological practices. The goal is participatory events. Through Its Educationtors and student teachers, and to evolve twofold: to encourage students to practise Task Force, the NRT IS seeking to involveguidelines for integrating sustainable devel- a more sustarnable entrepreneurship in provincial and rerrltorlal round tableopment concepts and principles into science, technology, and commerce; and to colleagues.curricula. A board of 23 directors was develop a working model for teachingestablished, funds were raised, the sustainable development that can be usefulprogram was affiliated with the to other educatlonal programs.Conference Board of Canada for manager- The National Round Table’s Task Force onial and administrative purposes, an execu- Education soliclted advice on what ittive director was hrred, the philosophy of should be doing by inviting interestedthe program was defined, a plan of action parties to present their views at hearings inwas developed, and consultation and Winnipeg and Ottawa. Twenty-SIX partici-research is underway. pants who were predominantly educators and environmentalists accepted the invita- tion in addition to representatives from the Sustainable Development Education Program, the Canadran Council ofAs a result of a coliaborative effort among Ministers, ano provincial round tables inthe National Round Table, British Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba,Pat-ticipACTION, and the Department of Ontario, New Brunswick, andthe Environment, the development of a Newfoundland. Their advice wassocial marketing strategy was proposed extremely helpful to the task force as itthat aims at fostering responsible citizen- prepared Its actlon plar.ship as a means of furthering sustainabledevelopment The proposal IS a directresponse to recommendations of theBrundtland Commissron and Canada’sNational Task Force on the Environmentand the Economy, and to the newlyrevised World Conservation Strategy.They call for expansive campaigns of publiceducation, debate, and public participation.The proposal recommends 20 different
jNU+BATiVESDEVELOPING TOOLS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMEMTThe declslon was taken to pub!ish a bookon too s for sustainabillty which will be an The Yational Round Table is convrnced The ob,ective of the National Roundintrcd,ctlon to techniques for Implement- rhat proper incentives wiil encourage Table s to develop a framework withinlng sustalnable development. It will economc activity that is clean, efficient, which socral health, and economic indica-concet-trate on the four focal areas for and competrtive and at the same time WIII tors can best be integrated to measurethe tools established under the National encourage innovation and prodclct devel- p-ogress toward sustainable development.Round Table’s strategic imperatives, opment, promote sustainable develop- To t-Is eld it commissloned backgroundnamely: accountability, consensus decision -rent, and improve Canada’s overall oapers. conducted a workshop, andmaklng, economtc instruments, and indica- competitive position. In preparing its pubils-eo a report discussing performancetors of sustainable development. To recorrmendations, it will focus on air, indicators concerning the production anddeve op Its thinking and to prepare mater- water, a?d earth. use of energy. Investigation is continuing.ral, :he NatIonal Round Table undertookrhe followlng initiatives. Air The NRT began work with a coalition of partne-s Vom industry, government, and The ;lat onal Round Table will bring the environmental movement and is for-ward suggestions for a renewed frame-As a preparatory step. the National Round concentrating on climate change, acid rain, worl< of decision making in the publicTaole conducted several project planning urban sn-og, and stratospheric ozone. In sector that WI/I hold decision makers moreand skill deve!oping workshops. It then adortio- to recommendations, the coalitror closely to account for the impact of theiressablls-ed a task force whose primary WI/~ produce a report to Canadians. dec SIOX on the environment.objective is to promote sustainable devel- wateropmen: through the use of consensus rle NRT began negotiations withdec,sro? making (CDM) in Canada. To prospective partners to establish a coali-achieve tnis, the Task Force IS bringing ~IOI that will examine the impact of fulltogether all Round Tables in Canada to cost accounting and pricing of water use,co’lectively develop a practical and conclsc cost ef$ectlve technological innovation, andhandbook that will outline principles, crite- ‘3Us ness opportunities.ria and guidelines, A second !nitiatlve ofthe Task Force IS the development of alarger book which WI/I describe theorres Explo-atron of options began with theand practfcal applications in greater detail. foc#Js or rural renewal, sustainable agricul-The Task Force wil! aiso contribute a tu-e, ecological integrity in ruralc-apter on CDM to the book on tools for la-dscapes, and biological diversity. Ansustalr,abllity. nvenrory paper will be prepared on the Issues and on the economic instruments that cobId be used.
INITIATIVES PARTICIPATING IN STUDIES AND REPORTS A study on the “Impacts on Waste In 1990 the National Round Table and Management Practices of Federal Policies, other participants convened the Sustaining Programs, and Legislation” was under- Wetland Forum which produced a report taken, and has been refee-red to often described as a comprehensive Environment Canada for consideration backgrounder for sustaining wetlands. and implementation. More than 6,000 copies of ti-e report were distributed. Since then, the Canadian Wetlands Conservation Task Force has monitored implementation ofthe report’s The National Round Table is examining 73 recommendations, reviewec action on opportunities and barriers to an economic wetlands conservation, provided advice and ecological renewal in rural Canada. concerning the report, and IS preparing The intention is to assemble information additional reports recommending follow- from which recommerdatlons for further up actions. Participants in the Task Force action can be developed. The National are the National Rounc Table, the Round Table sees an intriguing potential Canadian Federation of Agriculture, the for linking sustainable agr!cJlture, sustain- Canadian Pulp and Paper Association, the able communities, lancscape ecology, and Canadian Wildlife Service, the Canadian brodiversity into a gradual revltallzatron of Institute of Planners, Ducks Unlimited, and rural Canada. The examlnatlon was WildlIfe Habitat Canada. precipitated by the growing urgency for alternative economic development in rural areas, a strong sense of resource and landscape stewardshlp among producers, A task force on biodiverslty was estab- pending international trade agreements, lished and charged with ;wo responsibili- and an accelerating concern for the ties: the first is to malntaln an overarching competitiveness of the agrl-food sector. capacity to address biodsversity Issues in any of the other initiatives urdertaken by the National Round Table; the second IS to examine the work being done by other agencies, and the inventory of Information After the National Round Table Initiated that already exists, to determine whether formal discussions with representatives of there is a unique role for tie Natlonal the Office of the Auditor General of Round Table to play that will further the Canada, a principal from that office was cause of biodiversity ir Canada. seconded to the National Round Table to assist in the drafting of an issue paper on accountability and reporting on sustainable development in the public service. eighteen
An Examination of Environmental Regulotion and A Report on jobs, Training, ond Sustainable Competitiveness DevelopmentIn November the National Round Table A study group drawn from dlvene inter- The -eport ~111 explore the links amongand the Institute for Research on Public ests was formed to examine recent asser- jobs, susta nability, and competitrvenessPolicy establlshed a Senior Advisory tions that environmental regulations can and the Issues which stem from theseCommittee to oversee research on links create competrtive advantage. The group interrelatior,shlps.between sustainable development, is focusing on the pulp and paper industrycompetitiveness, and human well-being; in an effort to gain a better understanding A Report on Environmental Industriesand to generate a deeper awareness of of the relatIonshIp between environmental In order to emphaslze business opportuni-sustainable development as a contributor protection and competitiveness. It will ties for enterprises involved in end-of-popeto Canadian competitiveness in the global conduct case studies of the industry in the abatement equipment and the design ofmarketplace and in the overall quality of United States, Finland, Sweden, Japan, and new processes and technologies forlife. This initiative will culminate in a Canada. envlronmental protection, the reportsymposium In the Fall of I992 on the provrdes an overview of trends emergingtheme “Sustarnability: the Key to A Paper on Economic Instruments in the envrronmental industry in Canada.Compet’tiveness in the 2 1st Century”. In The paper will outline specific competitive The report offers a discussion of Canada’spreparation are the following: srtuations where effective economic instru- role as a potential competitor in the ments will promote sustainability and environmental Industry with a view toA Report on Sustoinobitity and the Financial efficiency. enhancrng how it may achieve these goals.Services IndustryThe report will identify the information A Study on Infrastructure, Sustainability, and A Report on Sustainable Development, Trade, andrequired by Industy to assist in the Prosperity Competitivenessmanagement of risk. It will recommend The primary purpose of the study is toguidelines for management to improve its The repot-t will examine the impact on identify key issues and tensions thatassessment of risk. competjtiveness of lower environmental permeate infrastructure planning so that standards :n otner jurisdictions. Concern they can be addressed in the search for an over this Issue has heightened as a resultA Report on Lender Liability economrcal’y prosperous and sustainable of negotiations for a North American FreeCurren; uncertainty over the potential society. Trade Agreemen;.liability of investors and lenders makes itdifficult for some worthwhile projects to A Report on Government Incentives andattract capital. Consequently the report Sustainable Development An Examination of Environmental Assessment andwill examine liability in the context of The report WIII highlight the relationships Com?Jetitivenesscontaminated sites and, through a multi- between Government incentives and An examrnatron of the proliferation ofstakeholder task force, recommend sustainable development. Agriculture, environmental assessment processes inmeasures to Improve the investment and which 1swrdely perceived as a sector Canada IS being conducted to determlnecompetitive &mate. where tncentrves impede progress toward their Impact on Canada’s international sustainable economic practices, serves as a competitiveness. One objective is to case study. identify opportunities for rationalization and jurisdictlonal harmonization. Included in the examination will be a review of such processes ‘n otner countries.
CREATING FORUMS FOR LEARNINGThe Nat’onal Round Table and the At the request of the Department of The Youth Science Foundation and theCanadian Chamber of Commerce under- Indtsiry, Science and Technology, the Natlonal Round Table sponsored fivetook to sponso- environmental manage- Nat onal Rolind Table is helping to design awards worth a total of $2,500 at themen: workshops for small and medlum- a training program that will sensitize the Canaaa-Wide Science Fair. The awards aresize? business operators. Learning and department’s 700 commerce officers to for the projects that best exemplifyteat-ing materials were developed and env ronmental management issues. An sustainab’e development practices. Lastfour pilot wo-kshops were held. In the NRT representative also sits as an advrsor year tiie awards winners were:forthcorn ng year five to ten workshops on the department’s steering committee I. Sandy Geddeswill oe offered. The existence of about on environmental protection. The commit- Booth Merrorlal Junior Secondary (B.C.)900,000 small businesses In Canada under- tee offers guidance for implementing the 2. Anthony Howelines the mpcr-tance of this initiative. memorandum of understanding between Sea Vew ,Lnior Secondary (B.C.) Industry Sc ence and Technology and the 3. Laura Ralph federal Department of the Environment. ,ames A. Magee Community School (Or;.) 4. Erika MandersAt tne Inv:ation of the Canadian Centre Ilort- Is and Secondary School (B.C.)for Management Development, a National 5. Mark Kirchhof In partnersi-ip with Environment Canada, Barrie Central Collegiate (Ont.)Round -able “epresentative sits as amemoe- of the centre’s advisory commit- the Department of Industry, Science andtee that deals with retraining programs in Tec’?nology, and the International Institutethe area of sustainable development. The for SustaInable Development, the National Round Table held a conference on “Trade, CARTS IS an affiliation of Round Tablecentre IS the federal organization responsi- the Environment and Competitiveness”. Secretariats with representation from theble for tralnlng senior civil service Discussion centred on the links between harional, Provincial, and Territorial Roundmanagers JP to the level of deputy minister. trade and ecology and the incorporation of Tables. CARTS holds a formal meeting ecological concerns into such trade- each year to discuss trends in sustainable governing associations as the the European development. The I99 I CARTS meeting Community, the OECD, GATT, and free was held In November in Vancouver, trade between Canada and the United British Co:umbia. Among the sessions States and possibly with Mexico. It also were workshops on Economic Instruments considered the influence on producers of and Sustainable Communities. There was ris’ng ecologlcal consciousness among also a special session on UNCED which purchasers A book about the conference resulted n a joint communique being will be publisned with an update of the crafted ant passed on to the Prime situation as it currently stands. Mlnlnster. Additlo?al meetings are held throughout tne year to allow Round Tables to keep abreast of each others work.
INITIATIVES PUBLISHING BOOKS, GUIDES, NEWSLETTERS, AND VIDEOS On the Road to Brazil: The Earth Summit -which assists Canadians in understanding the The NRT’s Communications Department issues before the United Nat:ons publIshed 10,000 boxed sets of five Conference on the Environment and handbooks on sustainable development Development at Rio de Janeiro. It IS a and distributed them to a targeTed collection of papers on the summit audience. Each set contained: produced by the United Na;;ions Association In Canada com>lned wth The Notional Waste Reduction Handbook - edited versions of two researc- papers which identifies new waste management commissioned by the NRT to ass/St It n strategies for Canadian mun;c:pal ;les. IT developing recommendations for t-e was sponsored by the Federation of Prime Minister. Canadian Municipalities, and Browning- Ferris Industries Ltd. Preserving Our World: A Consumer’s Guide to the Brondtland Report -which is aimed at re’ping Discussions on Decision Making Practices for Canadians understand the nature cf Sustainable Development - which is a practical sustainable development. IT is a -epubllca- guide illustrating approaches to dlf5cuit tion of Warner Troyer’s handbook wi-ich environmental decisions affectirg compa- first appeared in I990 and was lncldded in nies, unions, governments, non-govern- the boxed set with sponsorship from mental organizations, and professIonal Canadian Pacific Hotels and Resorts organizations. It was sponsored by Procter & Gamble Inc. and includes rrater al donated by the Manitoba Round Tar,le and the British Columbia Rohnc Table. In partnership with author Mark Roseland, Sustainable Development: A Manager’s the National Round Table pub ished Handbook - which is designed to assist “Towards Sustainable Communities A managers in grading the pe-iormance of Resource Book for Municipa’ aid Local their organizations in relation to s,stain- Governments” which wili be d’strlb,:ed able development, and to guide them in across Canada in August 1992. IT wil qave undertaking a “do-it-yourself’ envlronmen- a strong focus on tools to address s,th tal audit. it was sponsored “y the Royal issues as atmospheric change, air qua1 ty, Bank of Canada. the greening of cities, procurement policies, and community development.
Trude, Lcnoi~ id/i, h d/i CoinyMiti~5enes.r: (II:Su5f ffiniig G,h 01/ii , i’g i/c$eri[lj The National Round Table Review, aThis book, edited by John Kirton and The Nationa! Round Table published a kit national newsietter that ran to 28 pages inSarah Richardson, provides a tlmely that shows young peop e how to simulate its Spring issue, IS published quarterly andoverview of the issues and perspectives a round table usng a ‘ocal ecological issue distributed free of charge to more thaninvolved in pursuing trade agreements that and adopting the roles of interested 12,000 businesses, environmental groups,respect the precepts of sustainable devel- parties such as company officials, unionists, academic institutions, governmentopment. This volume, due to be released ecologists, government officials, and agencies, municlpal;aes, media, provincialin the fall, is based on the edited version citizen advocates. The kit can be used by and municipal round tables, and individualsof twenty-one major presentations made teachers in classrooms or by young people Its purpose is to provide a nationalat the Toronto Conference on “Trade, in clubs or informal groups. It can engage audience with news and analysis concern-Competitiveness, and the Environment” participants In communication and negotia- ing sustainable cevelopment.(November 4, I99 I) hosted by the tion skills not necessarily taught in formalNational Round Table Foreign Policy education systems ~ such as debate,Committee. This conference brought consensus decision makIng, and conflicttogether the leading Canadran and resolution. In its continuing effort to promote aware-International stakeholders from the ness of sustainable development amonggovernment, business, environmental, and Canadian youth, the NatIonal Round Tableacademic communities to exchange views is preparing a music vice0 for release inon the multifaceted linkages between the fall of I992 featuring Juno Awardtrade and the environment. The National Round Table is preparing for winner the Infidels and other special guests publication a “Youth Action Gurde for performing lyrics and music specially Sustainable Develooment” to provide commissioned by the NRT to highlight young people with a s:mple straightfor- pressing ecological concerns. ward overview of globa, issues and theirWith the assistance of the Canadian interdependence. The guide will examine fli2inzntfd 1 I Iif,J?I/f Ii;‘, i ain,jQ uter Dlske/tijLabour Congress as a co-sponsor, the the issues and suggest possible approachesNational Round Table neared completion and solutions aimed at achieving sustain- The National Round Table produced aof a book designed to help workers better ability. It will offer widely diverse views of computer diskette that uses a combinationunderstand ti-e issues surrounding sustain- youths from around the world and will be of graphics and text to help explain theable development, especially. as they apply a followup to the AIESEC Global Seminar round table process. The interactivein the workplace. Series and World Theme Conference features allow a viewer to choose what to (AIESEC - Association internationale des see and what questions to have answered. etudiants en sciences, economrques et commerciales) PUblil sem i .Il;//i~~,.,/‘;‘7n~‘l?/.~ Throughout the year four, 30.second messages aboldt sustaInable development were aired in both English and French over Radio Quebec, CFCF I2 Montreal, TVA R/vi&-e-du-loup, NTV Newfoundland, and STV in both Regina and Saskatoon.
“No one we’d get that far” _ o..the laeest Society, and various other Company Ltd., the past president environmental groups, compa- of the Canadian Pulp and Paper nies, and associations. There Association, and a member of were twenty-five in all and they posed as great a challenge to I the National Round Table. operating by consensus as He is himself is an example of anyone might conceive. what the National Round Table is trying to achieve as it seeks toind Yet, a year and six meetings overcome institutional barriers toalmost anything a try - but few e Forest Round Table has sustainable development - as d to twenty-six “Principles he is the first to admit during a stainable Development”; conversation in his St. Catharines ants are completing office idual action plans to imple- = x. &$presentative,‘So did%& S; harvesting practices and cantly of all, it has devel- oped a remarkable esprit de corps. ABORIGINAL FORESTRY Association ’ I - “I got a lot of pride out of I all this,” says Houghton and that He has changed both “profes- feeling seems to be widespread. sionally and personally”, he says. Houghton is chairman of Like many executives in the Quebec and Ontario Paper forestry industry, Houghton t w e n r y - f o u r
area while the chief executive “It used to be,” says Houghton, for management, whose “that we’d look at timber and primary responsibility is to keep our only thought was how the company solvent and would we get that tree from the competitive, is focusing fiercely forest to the mill as efficiently as on achieving maximum cost possible.” Now he says we’re efficiency in unit operations.” concerned to a much greater extent than ever before with ‘When I joined the National protecting topsoil and the Round Table a year and a half various species that grow in an ago I began being exposed to a area, guarding against runoff and whole new set of values,” erosion, ensuring regeneration, Houghton says. “Whether or maintaining wildlife, and consid- not I agreed with them, I had to ering recreational and aesthetic accept that they were real.” issues. And after a year on the Forest Round Table “I have a different perspec- tive of Canada’s forests than I had before.” He also sees that partici- pants with non-business backgrounds on the Forest ‘Round Table “are coming to accept that there is an ‘economic side” to Canada’s forests that is desperately important to the country and extremely diffi- cult to balance in the face of He calls these “values” and as he global competition. talks it becomes apparent that they are more than professionalworked his way up through small ( public opinion and could develop “I’m sure that’s true,” says considerations. They’ve alsocompany towns where he says an instinctive reaction to criticism Elizabeth May, national represen- become increasingly central tothere were few community that depicted outside critics as ill tative of the Sierra Club of his personal life - “partly,” he‘challenges to his convictions. If informed. “They just don’t Canada and the person who is says, “because I’ve learned a lotyou consider one large pulp and understand,” was the standard credited with almost single and partly because I’ve discov-paper company - the fifth reaction, Houghton says. handedly stopping the spraying ered these values have morelargest in Canada - as an institu- of pesticides in Nova Scotia. importance than I’ve been willingtion in microcosm, then it is “By the same token”, he adds, “We were aware of the to give them before.”apparent how, in at least one “environmentalists often ,don’t economic side before,” she says, Houghton asked only one thingway, institutions can become appreciate the discomfort (to “but the sustained interaction of the people he invited to joinresistant to outside influence. put it mildly) of sitting at a with industry representatives has the Forest Round Table. TheyPeople who followed the route boardroom table trying to justify helped develop a broader had to accept that there was athat he did could be somewhat the extra expense of diverting a appreciation of economic intrica- relationship between theremoved from the firing line of logging road around a sensitive cies”. economy and the environment. t w e n t y - f i v e
A S A M P L I N G If Hinton provided the glue, the next meeting did the bonding. It took place in the towering old growth forest of the Carmanah Valley on the west coast of Vancouver Island. It was very emotional for everyone, says Houghton. Mutual respect had been growing; as had individual credibility. Carmanah supplied inspiration. Now people were finding themselves committed to succeeding - and they did. By the time they completed their sixth meeting in Timmins, Ontario, they had their twenty- six principles. -“They discovered that they could agree on seventy-five to eighty per cent of the things where they thought they’d never get agree- ment,” Houghton says. “The other twenty-five per cent they may never agree on. But the fact One of the first things the group ( It was the third meeting at Company, and ‘the discussion that they could agree on so did was form a steering commit- Hinton, Alberta, about 30 led to a knock-down drag-out much so readily made them tee and one of the first fight on herbicides, proba- realize that when it came down things the committee did bly the best exchange of to deciding, they had come to was invite Professor views on that subject that I positions they didn’t know they Hamish Kimmins, of the have seen. Everyone took had arrived at and hadn’t even Department of Forest off their gloves. Everyone recognized.” Ecology at the University took turns talking and of British Columbia, to act everyone took turns listen- “It was a bonding experience,” as moderator for meetings. ing. No one moved for an says May, “and we ended up hour, right there in the with a good set of principles. The first meeting was held woods, just bearing down No one thought we’d get that in June 199 I and its main on that subject But at the far It’s been one, of the best achievement, according to end of this discussion you multi-stakeholder experiences Houghton, is that “it didn’t could see both sides I’ve ever had.” blow up.” Instead of budging just a little bit I immediately confronting tough kilometres from the entrance to decided to stick with the group Claire Dansereau, forest and issues such as clearcutting, pesti- Jasper National Park that the after that.” environment planner for the cide use, and biodiversity, partici- group began to click “We were “I think that was the meeting IWA, has a similar assessment. pants decided to try and estab- in the woods,” says Joe O’Neill, that furnished the glue that “We started off being very lish a set of principles to guide vice-president of woodlands for brought the group together,” general and (became) very their actions. the Miramichi Pulp and Paper says Houghton. specific and hard-nosed, and
that was a result of the trust pants asked for comment from a As for the forest Round Table,developed in the room. I spent a member of the National Round “There may be other ways oflot of time wondering why that Table secretariat who was getting agreement. But this istrust was there, and it’s real trust, serving as staff to the Forest sure proving to be a good way.it’s not, put on for the time we Round Table. You can reach consensus. It’s aare together. I think that where “You are the actors,” he said. compromise, but it’s a helluva lotthe trust came from was the fact “No matter to whom you make better than where we startedthat we had to have an Action your recommendations, you are from. And for a company it’sPlan. Action plans allowed the the ones who’ll have to imple- much more efficient than aprocess to focus and become ment them. You are it.” confrontational approach.”effective much more quickly.” As well as preparing recommen- dations, they decided to hold a seventh meeting in the fall of I992 at Miramichi, New Brunswick, and to take on a heavy issue - clearcutting. This will be where, as MEMBERSHIP IN THE FOREST ROUND TABLE Houghton likes to say, the rubber Moderator, Hamish Kimmins will hit the road. Canadian Federation of Professional Forestry Associations,* Chris Lee The object, he Canadian Federation of Woodlot Owners, Peter DeMarsh Canadian Forestry Association , Glen Blouin says, will not be Canadian Nature Federation, Paul Griss to declare Canadian paperworkers Union, Keith Newman clearcutting either good or bad. Canadian Parks and Wilderness, SocietyDiana Keith Canadian Pulp and Paper Association,+ David Barron“(We all) went to the table it will be to try and establish a Canadian Silverculture Association, Dirk Brinkmanthinking that we had something process by which decisions can Canadian Wildlife Federation, Gary Blundellto teach. I think we all now be made on how to log a site. Canadian Wildlife Service, Gerry Lee Council of Forest Industries of British Columbia, Tony Shebbeareknow that we had something to “In some cases clearcutting will Forest Caucus Canadian Environmental Network, Lois Corbettlearn. Most people have realized be okay. In some cases it won’t Forest Products Branch, ISTC, Bruce Gouriaythat you have to learn to listen, be. How do you rate things, Forestry Canada,* Tom Lee Fur Institute of Canada, Gerry Wildebut now we have to learn to including aesthetics and all the IWA Canada*Claire, Dansereaulearn as well. We can’t just hope other values I’ve been talking Miramichi Pulp and Paper Inc., Joe O’Neillto change people’s minds. We about, to make sure you’re National Aboriginal Forestry Association, Harry Bombay Ontario Forest Industries Association, Marie Rauterhave to allow our minds to be making the right decision?” Sierra Club of Canada, Elizabeth Maychanged by the process we’re in;” Task Force on the Churches and Corporate Responsibility, Peter Chapman He won’t comment on their University Forestry Schools, Rod CarrowBut Timmins wasn’t the end of Weldwood of Canada Ltd., Don Laishley chances of success. But he will Wildlife Habitat Canada,* David Neavethe road. The question facing say that the process so far National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy,* John Houghtoneveryone was, “What’s next?” “reinforces my belief that.if you NRTEE Secretariat, Steve ThompsonThe suggestion was made that get honest and dedicated peoplethey should compile recommen- together, you can make things A Steering Committee (*) was drawn from leaders of stakeholder groups listeddations and one of the partici- happen.” above, and the National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy.
PAR+!CIPANTSMany Volunteers Contribute to our Efforts lmperlal 0 NRT RESOURCE PEOPLETCle Cha~rmw and Members of the National Round lnco LimIted Brian KohlerTable on the Environment and the Economy acknowl- lnfomerrlca Limited Health, Sofe:y and lndustnol Relations Trornrng Fundedge tx part cipation of the followng individuals and 11 and Waters DIrectorate Envtronment Canada Dr. Eva Rosilger.o-ganlrations who volunteered their time and expertise nterlatlonal Institute for Research on Public Policy Canod:a? Ccuncii ofMwsten of the Envrunment (CCME)I” the supper. of the work of the National Round nterxtional Institute for Peace Through TourismTable ,ane Hawugg Enterprises Ltd. Toby Price. ;wi:onment Canada -afand Enterprises Ltd. Len Good. Environment CanadaAll Provincla and Ten-torial Round Tables -eve- BrothersProvincial and Territorial Governments -es Assoc~a:~ons Touristiques RBgionales Associbes Bob SoDuck du Quebec Monrtoba Rcund Table on the Envronment and the EconomyAlberta Envlwnmental Law CentreAlberta To-+m -owe-Martlr Company Inc Chales 7ayles. Pot Delbridge Assonotes lncAtlantic Canada Opportunities Agency Ya:Ne~l & Associates Bzrry Bcwa:er, Energy Mines and ResourcesBanff Centre br Management Manltox Department of Industry Trade and TourismB C M~p~srry of Development, Trade ano Tourism YcCatiny, Tetlault Peter %her Energy, Mines and ResourcesBrowning-Feris Industries Ltd. ‘“l&II Univenity Kathleen Ps-neroy, Pomeroy & Neil Consulting Inc.Canada Trust Mcraster University National Economic Research Associates Paul Gnss, Canadian Nature FederavonCanadian Ba-iers AssociattonCanadian Certw for Management Development N B Deperrment of Tourism, Recreation and Heritage Mike Rot~nson, Universr~ @-CalgoryCanad,an Chamber of Commerce Wxth SouP Institute i-an;c~s Bregha,Canal an Councli of Mjnlsters on the Environment Yorthern Telecom Ltd. The ,Rowson Academy ofAquaoc Snences(CCKE) ! S Department of the Environment U 8 3ew.rtment of Tourism and Culture Ann ck Boisset, McGIII UniverwyCanac an Ecology AdvocatesCanaC an Employment and Immigration Advisory Office of the Auditor General And* Beau ieu, /&CII UniversityCouncl, Ontario Energy/ Environment Caucus Dr. ,ohn G. Xrake, McMoster UniversityCanadian Energy Research lnstltute Oniar~o Mlnlstiy of Tourism and RecreationCanadian Env ronmental Network PEI Department of Tourism and Parks Bnan <elly. Northern Telecom Inc.Canadian Federation of Agriculture Pemb1na lnstltute George LafoldCanadian Institute of Planners +rk.ns Moore Sharon A-c-ews, Fwnce CanodoCanadtan Labour Congress Pe:ro CaladaCanadian Naiure Federation Po&tlon Probe Ror Edwarcs, F~nonce ConadoCanadian Pacific Hotels and Resorts Proctor and Gamble John E. Cox john E Cox Assoc&esCanadtan Pet-oleum Association (CPA) QLEDX & Ontario Paper Company Ltd.Canadian Pet-oleum Products Institute loyal Eank of Canada CameTon Smit?Canadian PL’S and Paper Association Scmeco In:. Yak Weoge, Yukon lndron Development CorporationCanadlap WIldlife Service State or EnvIronmental Reporting Jir Rx-say, lndustv, Scrence ood TechnologyCenter for international Studies, Univ. of Toronto SUE Repo-tingCo:ton * Temple Design Saskatclewan Economic Diverslficatiop and Trade MI&ael Jenkins, Indus*q, Scrence and TechnologyCo~rcll for -ocal Environmental lmtlatives Shell Cacada Limited Dr John S YacDonald, MacDonald & DetfwilerCeoartrent of Energy, Mines, and Resources Toronto Waterfront TrustDeoartn-ent of Industry, Science and Techrology Tourism Canada Department of Industry Science John Ki-ton, Trinity UnrvewvDucks Unlimited Canada and Technology AId+ Samier, Saumier F&es Conseiiccole Nat on& d’Administration Publlqwe (ENAP) Tow sm Industry Assoclat!on of AlbertaEnergy Probe Tour sm Industry Association of Canada TIT EganEwronmelt Canada Totiirism Incustry Association of PEI W.C (Charle) Fergilson, lnco LimitedEwronmeltal Assessment Board Ontario Hydro Tourism Inc-stry Association of Saskatchewan Tourism Ontwo D Arty D&mere, Royal Bank ofCanadaEwronmental Resource CentreErnst & Yo--,g TrapsAlta “tilitles ,eff Gibbs. Envronmental Youth AllronceEsso (Gorcon Lambert) Unlted Nations Assoclatlon of Canada (UNAC) Bob Westxry, TramAlto UtilitiesFederal Env ronmental Assessment Review Office Uniers,ty of B.C.- Faculty of Law Unlberslty of Washington (Gerry Cormlck) Nornan Lockington, Dofasco Inc.F lance CanadaFord Mote- Company of Canada University of Waterloo, SustaInable Society Project Fraser VJ~lson, Ernst and Young ConsultrngFor -te< Canada Corp. Unwe-sity of Western Ontario Jane Hawkrgg,jone Howtigg Enterprises Ltd.F-iends cr the Earth (CANNET) VHB Research & Consulting Inc.Globa Economics LImited Western Economic Diversificat!on David Baker, Pnvy Councrl OficeGov’t of UFL3 & Labrador, Department of Wes?ern Environmental & Social Trends (WEST)Developmen: Wildlife H&tat Canada Summer students and pori time staffGov’t of t-e Yw, Economic Development and Worrlng with Canadian Youth DomInica BablckiTOUXP- World Wilclife Fund, Canada Carla DouretHaldo--Topsoe York lnterxtional, York Un~verzity Katherlre Eeavx Harmony Fwndation Yukon ToJnsm Chat Nelson harold Corngan. C.A. Edw -’ Smith Harvard Uwerslty All~scn Webb Hentage Canada Des~ree McGraw Hospitaiitv Yewfoundland and Labrador HUSKY 011 lnternat~oral Development Research Centre lnternar~onal ‘nstltute for Sustainable Development
NRT SECRETARIATSTANDING COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS COLLABORATIVE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR Ron&d L. 3x1 ~“g hticqantsNRTEE Ontaro Tax Corrmii5~o” EXECUTIVE ASSISTANTJoseha Gonzz’ri, Member Husky 0 Dentie Mu&Leone Plppard, Membw E.B Eddy Forest Procxts Ltd.An” D<w Sic,wiioot Industy, SC ence and Technolog DIRECTOR OF OPERATIONSCameron Smith. Rwarce Penon/hlRTEE Pat Delbncge Assocl<des Inc Ann 3&e Shell Ca~ad; LtdProvinaol Round Tables SENIOR SECRETARY Ron E&a-ds (Enwolment, Energy and Resource Polity)J, Shetrzld Moo-e Ultwrta H&l&x Massic TnnsAlta IJtl ities CoporationDarlene Collins. Bntlsh Columbia General Motors of Canada Ltd POLICY ADVISORBill Elliott Monitobo Friencs ,,f the Falih PUBLlCATlONS/COMMUNlCATiONSRick Fivdldy, Cn:or,o Mike Ke’y ;Soclo-Econombc Impact) Da” >onoua-Jeme tH!llard, Mowoba Sue K :by (Climate Cxnge Task Force)LOUIS Lap’er-e. ,ew Rrunswick CHIEF CORPORATE SERVICES George Kow&. (‘ol~cy Directorate Gov’t of Canada)Dorothy Ing!is, Ncwfiundland and Labrador Sam McLean George Kwfer Esso Kesowcer Caxda LtdPalticgonts OFFICE MANAGER Pemb’n,i Inat,tuteCouncil of Mwsten of Education Canada Catby !iCroux inergi F’rcbeUnited Nations Assoclatio” I” Canada ImperIaI 0 I SENIOR ASSOCIATEAssoc~;:t~oon of Canadw Community Colleges B.C. De3 of Enworment stev- ThorrpsonHarmony Found&on LaFaye Canada IncSecretait o: UNESCO-Canada MAB P&o Ca”.ida POLICY ADVISORSCan&a- Home and School and Parent-ieache- Phlllppe Cl6melt Ewron-v~tal Resowce CentreFederation Anne I o~~~ll<irc Energy Mires a-c ResourcesCanadtan Par<i Serv cc Prarie and Northern Region Mike KellyEco-Research Prograrr SSHRC Pete- YcGrathPemblna Institute for Appropriate DevelopmentFnends of Ewronmental Education Society of Alberta FINANCE OFFICER TRADE, ENVIRONMENT ANDGlobal Change Program Royal Society of Canada P~errette Gvl:ard COMPETITIVENESS CONFERENCESchoo of Community and RegIonal Planning Speakers COMMUNICATIONS ASSISTANTSUniverwt~ of Bntlsh Columbia Dr. Johrl ~acDo”ald Patt 3aconThe Rlchnrc Iwey ‘our,datio” Dr. George Connell Dav d B?.>ldvThompson. Dorfma” and Sweatma” Canad ar Teacier’ Fcdentlon Dr. Arthur Hanron COMMITTEE SECRETARIES Confetexe Board of Canads ]~m l”atNe4 Patr c,<i L arki” Assoc,atlon of Uriver,ltles and Coileges of Canada Thorn& d‘Aqwo LIZ+ Camsbe I Unlverslty of Man’tox Dav~c Estrr The B;nfT Centre for Management Adaw L~mmerma-8 RECORDS MANAGEMENT Mr. Gon!or Haruion Rosemwe Kdp:ana Mae Clifford Worlc Congress for Education and Communlcatlon on Michi~llr~ Swerarrnuk Env~ro>mert and Development Ha? Rogewx SECRETARIES Enwoqmenta Outdoor Education Team Dr. Le? Good jul1e wanI-at Hon Fran:: Oberie Lou SC Co,lsmbc Calgary Board of Ecu< ation Joseph G*ee”wild Sara Sxdfoti. Canad at- Centre for Management Development Synerglsilcs Cor,su t,ng Ltd Dr. C>utaw VEX”-Canovas lntergrcwp Reg Bake? YM-YWCA Dr U” Sc,w-bak Dr. D<wd Surukl Dr, Mu-w Srnlt,> Comro~ Heltdge Program Dr Juarqai Alanant Prof. Makltzro Hott; Alan Dew Canclcf~ stevcns Dr. F~rt.a Sow Pete1 Marson Dr. Nuvl ,ildm INDIVIDUAL PARTICIPANTS Pete] J<.cobs Yvor Chahonreau Michel Dcsbws KeNtI- Newman Yltchel Provost Jean Pasquem W,llivn P?ckez
Far additional information onThe National Rdund TableTel:!6 J3)992-7 I89Fox:j6 ! 3) 992.7385The National Round Table Secretariatis located atI Nicolas Street,Suite 1500Ottawa, OntarioKIN 7B7 This report s printed on recycled s using vegetable inks.