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Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
Nick.chrissotimos
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Nick.chrissotimos

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  • 1. STEREO “The Story”Nick ChrissotimosAssociate Director for Exploration &Space CommunicationsNASA/Goddard Space Flight Center February 26, 2008
  • 2. Science Objectives1. Understand the causes and mechanisms of Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) initiation2. Characterize the propagation of CMEs through the heliosphere3. Discover the mechanisms and sites of energetic particle acceleration in the low corona and the interplanetary medium4. Develop a 3D time-dependent model of the magnetic topology, temperature, density, and velocity structure of the ambient solar wind 2
  • 3. STEREO-B (BEHIND) OBSERVATORY SECCHI 1.1m X 2.0 m X 1.2 mNRL Sun-Centered Imaging Package (SCIP) Assy 610 kgUCB (COR-1, COR-2, EUVI, GT)UNH ≥ 600 WObservatoire de Paris/UMNAPLGoddard PLASTIC InstrumentInernational Partners:•Germany IMPACT SEP•UK•Switzerland Deployed SWAVES SECCHI Electric Field Antenna Heliospheric Imager (3 places) (HI) Deployed IMPACT IMPACT Boom Magnetometer (MAG) IMPACT Suprathermal Electron Detector (STE) IMPACT 3 Solar Wind Electron Analyzer (SWEA)
  • 4. How do we ‘view from the sides’? 4 yr. 3 yr. Ahead @ +22°/year 2 yr. 1 yr. Sun Sun Earth Ahead 1yr. Earth Behind @ -22°/year Behind 2yr. 4 yr. 3 yr.Heliocentric Inertial Coordinates Geocentric Solar Ecliptic Coordinates (Ecliptic Plane Projection) Fixed Earth-Sun Line (Ecliptic Plane Projection) 4
  • 5. STEREOThe Problem
  • 6. Initial Team’s Assessments by APPEL/4-D GSFC/APL Interface 40 20 May-03 0 37%Expressing Authenticity and Addressing Shared InterestsExpressing Hope and Being Outcome CommittedAppropriately Including Others and Keeping AgreementsResisting Blaming or Complaining and Clarifying Roles, Accountability & Authority 6
  • 7. Internal GSFC Project Assessment• Project Overburdened by Reviews (Distracted)• Upper Management Sending Confusing Messages• Program Office not providing interference• Lack of Communications and understanding between APL and GSFC – Major Cultural Differences• Lack of Clear Lines of Authority• Communications and understanding between Program and Project with HQ was strained• Schedules Confusing• Instrument Teams Need Help• IRT Not Considered an Advocate but as Hindrance• Technically Not in any Worse Shape than other Typical Projects 7
  • 8. 8
  • 9. What was Done• TEAM Approach – Together Everyone Accomplishes More – Badgeless & Seamless – Changing/Adapting the Cultures• Common Goal for Mission Success – Everyone has to pitch-in• Discussed Consequences if We Don’t Make this Work – Descopes, Cancellation and most of all Loss of Science• Ignored the POLITICS, let the Project manage on its own, in its own way to Get the Job Done• Conducted Small Focused Retreats with end Results (APL &GSFC) – Differences and Clarified Roles and Responsibilities – I&T (Enviromental Test) – Launch Processing and Launch Operations• Provided NASA Support to Instruments Team• Embraced the IRT• Began a Socialization Program 10
  • 10. STEREO Organization Project Manager Project Manager Dep. Project Manager Dep. Project Manager Dep. PM Instruments Dep. PM Instruments Dep. PM Resources Dep. PM Resources Project Scientist Project Scientist Launch Service Manager Launch Service Manager Dep. Proj. Scientist Dep. Proj. Scientist Systems Engineering Systems Engineering Safety and Mission Assurance Safety and Mission Assurance Systems Assurance Mgr. Systems Assurance Mgr. Project Safety Manager Project Safety Manager Manuf. & Process. Mgr Manuf. & Process. Mgr Mission Director Mission Director Observatory Manager Observatory ManagerInstrument Management Instrument Management SECCHI/ NRL APL PM Inst. Manager NRL PI APL Deputy PM APL SMA APL Systems Engineer PLASTIC/ UNH Safety Inst. Manager UNH PI Spacecraft Subsystems IMPACT/ UCB APL Launch Ops and I&T UCB PI APL Ground Systems Inst. Manager SWAVES / UMN UMN PI Inst. Manager 11
  • 11. Operating Agreement• The GSFC and APL STEREO Integration & Testing Teams have a “trusted contractor – customer” relationship• We will operate with a badgeless culture – we are clear about the contractor-customer interface; anyone can accept direction from the appropriate lead• We will share credit for success and responsibility for failure• We will trust one another and will work to maintain that trust• We will operate with clear lines of responsibility• We will have clear ground rules and open access and communication within those boundaries• We will work issues at the lowest levels practicable• We will clearly define the I&T process• We will jointly define a “successful” test• We will jointly agree on priorities and work off one master schedule• GSFC will defend APL to NASA management• GSFC doesn’t give “work direction” – we give information• GSFC will be at the table during testing – they have open access• We recognize and respect that both GSFC and APL add value• We are willing to learn from one another 13
  • 12. Efficiency, Ranking, & Perception Distribution STEREO - Overall 65% Efficiency calculation: Team 55% 75% Excellent = 100%; “Efficiency Good = 75%; Meter” 45% Efficiency 85% Unsatisfactory = 25%; 78% Broken = 0%. Dec-06Percentile Rank vs. (Initial) Team Bottom STEREO - Overall quintile Middle quintile Top Dec-06 quintileAssessment Scores Relative quality of the team behavioral norms 15 Distribution of 10 Individuals’ n = 33 5 Perceptions 0 1st Percentile Rank 100th 14 Various perceptions of the team behavioral norms
  • 13. Leadership• Getting the Job Done• Manage by Example• Keep Agreements• Walk the Halls and Visit TEAM Players• Be Tough but Fair• Make Decisions• Know What You Don’t Know• Trust, Empower and Listen to your People• Tell it Like it Is to Management and to Your Team• Never Give Your Customer/Stakeholder the Same Program Content when they will not give/or take resources that you need• Never Compromise Your Test Program• Make Decisions• Don’t be Afraid to Make Mistakes• Reward Your People• Make Decisions• At sometime must become Dr. No “Play time is Over”• Make Decisions 15
  • 14. In the End• It is the PEOPLE• It’s Communications – Up – Down – Across• Its Clarity of Authority, Roles & Responsibilities• Its Having/Sharing Common Goals• Its Working as a TEAM• Its Having FUN 16
  • 15. STEREOThe Payoff
  • 16. Eye Candy 18
  • 17. STEREO in Fairing 19
  • 18. October 25, 2006 8:52 PM EST 20
  • 19. STEREO The Cool CooL ScienceSTEREO in Heliocentric Orbit Science Phase
  • 20. 22
  • 21. SECCHI’s First CME in COR1 and 2 23
  • 22. A welcome visitorComet McNaught Jan 11-15, 2007 24
  • 23. CME/Encke CometHeliospheric Imager 25
  • 24. EUVI Loops 26
  • 25. 3-D EUVI Sequence 27
  • 26. Lunar Eclipse 28
  • 27. http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov29

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