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  1. 1. The Constellation Program Team ReachingHigher and FurtherChris L. HardcastleDirector - Systems Engineering & IntegrationConstellation Program Integration OfficePMCFebruary 2008
  2. 2. The Constellation Program Team Reaching Higher and FurtherA Bold Vision for Space Exploration, Exploration Strategy Themes Authorized by Congress♦ Complete the International Space Station ♦ Use the Moon to prepare for future human and robotic missions to Mars and other destinations♦ Safely fly the Space Shuttle until 2010 ♦ Pursue scientific activities to address♦ Develop and fly the Crew Exploration fundamental questions about the solar system, Vehicle no later than 2014 the universe, and our place in them♦ Return to the Moon no later than 2020 ♦ Extend sustained human presence to the moon♦ Extend human presence across the solar to enable eventual settlement system and beyond♦ Implement a sustained and affordable ♦ Expand Earth’s economic sphere to encompass human and robotic program the Moon and pursue lunar activities with direct benefits to life on Earth♦ Develop supporting innovative technologies, knowledge, and ♦ Strengthen existing and create new global infrastructures partnerships♦ Promote international and commercial ♦ Engage, inspire, and educate the public participation in exploration Leveraging the capabilities and knowledge of a diverse Constellation Program team from throughout NASA and industry involves an extraordinary commitment to teamwork February 2008 2
  3. 3. Constellation Initial Capability (IC) Space Station/Low Earth Orbit Mission Crew of 1 to 6Low & Crew Equip/CargoEarthOrbit ISS orbit 407 km (220 nm), 51.6º Orion Service Module Expended Direct Entry 10 min launch window LandingEARTHThe Constellation Team has recently completed the baseline activities for all requirements for this Architecture February 2008 3
  4. 4. Initial Capability (IC) Phase Systems LAS Crew Exploration Vehicle (Orion) (Crew Module / Service Module) Spacecraft Adapter Instrument Unit Forward Skirt Upper Stage J-2X Upper Stage Engine InterstageForward Frustum EVA Orion First Stage (5-Segment RSRB) Ares I Ground Systems Mission Systems 5 Major Systems comprise this First Phase of Constellation Capability February 2008 4
  5. 5. Lunar Transportation Capability (LTC) Phase Reference Mission MOON Vehicles are not to scale. Ascent Stage Altair Lander ExpendedLow LunarOrbit Performs LOI Earth Departure ServiceLow Stage Expended ModuleEarth ExpendedOrbit LTC currently in Concept EDS, LSAM CEV Development (MCR in June) Direct Entry Landing EARTH February 2008 5
  6. 6. Transition From Requirements Foundation to Preliminary Design & DDT&E HW/SW Performing DDT&E Per Plan: ♦ Program DDT&E Phases Established ♦ Time Phased Capability Matured Over Decade Ahead ♦ DDT&E and Operational Manifest Baseline ♦ Development, Qualification, Verification, On-Orbit Validation ♦ Technical Baselines Approved ♦ NGOs, Architecture, Ops Con, Functional Analyses, Requirements, Standards ♦ SDRs/PDRs in Progress ♦ Major Threats/Risk and Mitigations In Place/In Work ♦ Hardware & Software Development in ProgressThe Constellation Program Virtually Distributed Nationwide NASA & Industry Team has facilitated the Translation of Vision into Requirements that are being Incorporated into Designs and DDT&E Hardware February 2008 6
  7. 7. Constellation Leverages Unique Skills and Capabilities Throughout NASA and the Aerospace Industry Ames ♦Lead Thermal Protection System ADP Glenn ♦Aero-thermal database ♦Lead Service Module and Spacecraft Adapter integrationDryden ♦Data Architecture support ♦Flight Test Article “Pathfinder”♦Lead Abort Flt Test Ops ♦SE&I Support fabrication♦Abort Test Booster procure. ♦SE&I Support Goddard♦Flight Test Article Devt/Integ ♦Communications Support JPL ♦SE&I Support ♦Thermal Protection System support Langley ♦SE&I Support ♦Lead Launch Abort System integration Johnson ♦Lead landing system ADP ♦Lead Crew Module integration ♦SE&I Support ♦Orion Spacecraft Integration Kennedy ♦GFE projects management ♦Lead Ground processing ♦Test Program Integration Marshall ♦Lead Launch operations ♦Lead EVA ♦Lead Launch Vehicles ♦Lead Recovery operations ♦Lead Missions Systems/operations ♦SE&I Support ♦SE&I Support ♦SE&I Integration Transitioning the Nationwide Team from requirements definition to a focus on executing the design and incremental integration/verification of a set of time phased capable integrated systems February 2008 7
  8. 8. Transition From Requirements Foundation to Preliminary Design & DDT&E HW/SWAs the Constellation Program transitions to Preliminary Design we will continue togrow the high performance, virtually distributed, Nationwide Team that strives to:• Recognize People as are our key resource• Focus on results and never lose sight of our Customers’/Stakeholders’ needs• Leverage the best of the NASA, other Government Agencies and Industry • Overcome cultural, organizational and technical obstacles• Foster Open, Honest and Frequent Communication • Reinforce with a disciplined “Battle Rhythm” • Streamline with strategic communication methods and data architecture • Integrate both vertically and horizontally• Develop integrated prioritized plans while being flexible and adaptive• Build off of world-class technical requirements and the defined verificationmethods/means• Encourage proper checks and balances by embracing the governance model andindependent assessments The Constellation Program has demonstrated proven results in it’s aggressive formulation as a DDT&E Large-scale Program February 2008 8
  9. 9. Transition From Requirements Foundation to Preliminary Design & DDT&E HW/SWFundamental Enablers of Success Going Forward:• Combat “Requirements Creep” and aggressively control/monitor technical,cost and schedule baselines• Measure Design Compliance, Innovation, Integration and drive timelybounding and mitigation of emerging technical risks• Focus on “The Mission” and the design of all aspects of preparing for andexecuting the mission (process and product)• Refine Time Phase Capability strategy, structure and build up details - flightsystems, ground systems and data architecture• Plan and Integrate detailed hardware and software incrementaldevelopment, integration, qualification, verification and validation at all levels• Enhance Interface Control Documents and Integrated Hazards• Preserve Architecture Key Driving Requirements and focus on survivability,reliability, maintainability, interoperability, interchangeability, supportabilityand extensibility to enhance safety and long-term operability/affordability Top 4 Program Key Tenets: Crew Safety, Mission Success, Program Risk Mitigation and Life Cycle Costs February 2008 9
  10. 10. NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 1st Human Orion Flight05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Initial Orion Capability Lunar Outpost Buildup 7th Human Lunar Robotic Missions Lunar Landing Science Robotic Missions Mars Expedition Design Commercial Crew/Cargo for ISS Space Shuttle Ops Orion Development 4 Phase Orion Development Developed for Ares II Development Ares Development Constellation Orion Production and Operations Orion Production and Operations Program Highlighted Early Design Activity Lunar Lander Altair Development Lunar Lander Altair Development Ares V Development Ares V Development Earth Departure Stage Development Earth Departure Stage Development Surface Systems Development Surface Systems Development February 2008 10
  11. 11. Program Manifest Overview In Relation to 4 Time Phased Capability PhasesFY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20Requirements Ares I-Y 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 14 16 18 20 Ares I-X CxP SDR CxP PDR CxP Compl Comply CDRCompl 13 15 17 19 LC LC LC SRR K/O June Ares V-Y 2 3 4 MCR SDR K/O U/R U/R Ares V LSAM 1 Dec Lander Cx ISS Dsg Cx ISS IOC IP Cx ISS FOC IP Design Cx ISS Sustainment IP Cx Lunar Xport Dsg Cx Lunar Xport IOC Cx Xport Lunar FOC Cx Lunar O-Post dsg Cx Lunar Xport 3 7 Ares I-X AA-3 Orion 1 5 9 11 13 15 Sustainment19 17 AA-1 AA-2 Max q Transonic Tumble Cx Lunar O-Post IOC Abort Abort Abort Ares I-Y 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 PA-1 PA-2 Cx Lunar High Altitude Cx Mars dsg Abort Development, Qualification Flight Testing, Verification, On-Orbit Validation Initial Operational Ares V-Y 1 2 3 4 Operational Production & Sustainment Capability (IOC) Full Operational CxP ISS Phase Capability (FOC) Human Lunar Return CxP Lunar Transport Phase 4 Phase Developed for Development, Qualification Constellation Program CxP Lunar Outpost Phase Highlighted Flight Testing, Verification, On-Orbit Validation Operational Production & Sustainment CxP Final Lunar Outpost and Mars Initiation Phase February 2008 11
  12. 12. Transition From Requirements Foundation to Preliminary Design & DDT&E HW/SWCxP SRRs Complete & SDRs/PDRs in ONE Integrated Progress: Requirements Baseline Operational concepts baseline being Translated to Lvl I Reqmts ORD, O&O, Architecture, system and EARD SEP, ASR, CDD Preliminary Designs Agency Army Operational Validation element-level specs baseline Validation CxP Functional and performance CARD Arch to n allocations to systems, elements Re Systems I/Fs tio Multi-Element/ Reqmts qu Multi-Mission i ca and subsystems complete Verification ire rif SRDs & Intra Intra- system and element interfaces me Ve Preliminary Element I/Fs Design Reqmts n & described System ts n Integration tio Prime Item & CI & Prime Item & CI Verification Verification objectives and Development Specs & ICDs/ De a Specs gr IRSs/SRSs strategies documented s te ig In Subsystem n Architecture Description Documents Preliminary Integration Verification Design baseline Design concepts/compliance Component Notional Responsibilities: CI / CSCIs Verification underway Lvl 0/I Progressive Performance Lvl II assessments integrated and in sync Build Lvl III Build Contracting Teams Engineering plans published and training invoked Technical Baseline Sync’d with Cost ICPR SRR SDR PDR CDR First and Schedule Baselines Mission Risks identified w/ mitigation plans Set February 2008 12
  13. 13. Transition From Requirements Foundation to Preliminary Design & DDT&E HW/SW Initial ConstellationESAS Results Program Review CxP SRR SDR PDR CDR• High Level Reqmts Developmental Requirements Functional Allocated Product• High Level Archit. Baseline Baseline Baseline Baseline Baseline Draft Baselined Conceptual CARD CARD Design Preliminary Detail Design DesignRequirements CARD Analysis Updated via CxCB Process Documented and Analyzed Designs for Assessing Compliance while planning Integration & Designing the Mission SRDs Draft Baselined Updated via SRDs SRDs CM ProcessFunctional Analysis and Allocation Updated Challenge: Not All Systems/Elements Initial Baselined Prime Specs Matured to the Same Time Line Draft Prime Specs Prime Specs via Lvl III CCB Process February 2008 13
  14. 14. Transition From Requirements Foundation to Preliminary Design & DDT&E HW/SW - Some Vehicle Accomplishments Since Last PMC….. Orion • Completed Software System Requirements Review September 2007 • Orion SDR Complete (8/30) Orion 1st Chute Drop Test (10/18) • Orion PDR Point Of Departure (POD) established (11/1) Stack Integration • Completed Software System Requirements Review September 2007 • Completed System Definition Review October 2007 • Completed over 3,500 hours of wind tunnel tests (~57%) • Incorporated Single Fault Tolerant Avionics Architecture • Implementing Lean/Six Sigma process and product improvements for streamlined operations First StageUpper Stage • Prime Contract awarded to ATK August 2007• Production contract awarded to The Boeing Company • Integrated Baseline Review conducted November 2007 August 2007 • Test of new main parachute for Ares I/I-X September 2007• Composite interstage material down-select August 2007 • Completion of production sim articles on nozzle Dec 2007• Completed System Definition Review October 2007 • Dev Motor 1 commit to fabrication review November 2007• Installed and initiated checkout on full scale robotic weld tool • Relocated Booster Deceleration Motors to Aft Skirt October 2007 • Located Access Door on Frustum• Successful buckling test of Instrumentation Unit structure November 2007• Common bulkhead material changed to Al 2014 Upper Stage Engine • Prime Contract awarded to Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne July 2007; Integrated Baseline Review conducted October 2007 • Completed Preliminary Design Review August 2007 • Stennis Space Center (SSC) Test Stand A-3 construction initiated August 2007 A- • Powerpack 1A installed in SSC Stand A-1 September 2007 A- • Changed Nozzle Extension C-C Material from Naxeco to Noveltex (RL-10) C- (RL- • Incorporated Hydrostatic Bearing in Fuel Turbopump • Switched to Showerhead-type Main Propellant Valves Showerhead-
  15. 15. How We Plan to Return to the Moon Project Ares♦ Awesome Year Behind Us In Human Space Exploration • Space Shuttle • International Space Station • Constellation − Requirements − Mission Design − Preliminary Systems Designs − Initial DDT&E hardware & software tests & analyses♦ Challenging Year To Come • Turning the emphasis on Full Initial Capability Preliminary Design and Compliance, ICDs, Integrated Hazards, Systems Integration Planning & Mission Design • Turning up the gain on Lunar Transportation Capability Requirements Formulation post LTC Mission Concepts Review • Begin DDT&E Flight Test Program February 2008 15
  16. 16. Thank you for the OpportunityDialogue & Questions? Photo by Ron Dantowitz ( Clay Center Observatory February 2008 16