Postmodernism lesson 1 L/O: In this lesson you will be able to …..Introduce to the basic ideas about Postmodernism and consider its origins Address basic themes and concepts that make something Postmodern Consider the wider effects of Postmodernism on yourself Address assessment objectives and exam criteria
Starter• What do we know about postmodernism?• Where have you come across is before?• Is it an easy concept to understand?
Previous exam questions• Look up on OCR website for h/w…
POSTMODERNISM! Isms: A HistoryArtistic/Cultural Movements (17th- 21st Century)
Isms: A HistoryArtistic/Cultural Movements (17th-21st Century) BAROQUE
Isms: A HistoryArtistic/Cultural Movements (17th-21st Century) ROMANTIC
Isms: A HistoryArtistic/Cultural Movements (17th-21st Century) REALISM
Isms: A HistoryArtistic/Cultural Movements (17th-21st Century) MODERN
Isms: A HistoryArtistic/Cultural Movements (17th-21st Century) POSTMODERN
Key Concept: Postmodernism• Postmodernism is a very big and complicated concept to get your head round, but in its simplest form it attempts to analyse society and culture now.• It is the central idea behind new fashion, music and film - put simply postmodernists believes that artistic creativity and "newness" can no longer happen as in todays society everything has been done?
Some Key points• Inability to create anything new• Experimentation with existing forms and conventions• Loss of the "real"• General pessimism and lack of purpose• Technology increasing important in social interaction
Postmodern Media• Watch the following clip from "Family Guy Super-Griffins"• What Postmodern elements are evident?• http://krankr.com/clip/videos.php/photo/3441/Television/Family_Guy_Super_Griffins//sortby/s/sorttime/9999/way/desc
Postmodern elements• Generic conventions and hybridity• Popular culture references (Nsync)• Stewie and Brians ability to talk• Intertextuality• Formal confusion - news report• Reality vs hypereality• Whos Gene Charlott?• Intertextual references from Family Guy Wiki
The scene refers to........."The Facts of Life"long running sitcom that continued the story ofEdna Garret - the housemaid from Different Strokes(referenced 6 times)"Gene Shalit"The film and book critic on NBCs The Today Show.He is known for his frequent use of puns, hisoversized handlebar moustache, and for wearingcolorful bowties. (referenced twice)
Generic Hybridisation• Put simply this is when a text mixes the elements of two or more genres together• Example: “Shaun of the Dead”• Suggests that you cannot create anything new anymore?
Intertextuality • This is when a text makes deliberate references to other media texts by stealing bits of it • Example: “The Simpsons” (Sopranos)• Possibly suggests that we constantly repeat rather than create new things?• Intertextuality is the shaping of texts meanings by other texts. It can refer to an author’s borrowing and transformation of a prior text or to a reader’s referencing of one text in reading another.
IntertextualityIntertextuality is the shaping of textsmeanings by other texts.It can refer to an author’s borrowing andtransformation of a prior text or to areader’s referencing of one text inreading another.
Pastiche• A pastiche is a work of art, literature, film, music or architecture that closely imitates the work of a previous artist, usually distinguished from parody in the sense that it celebrates rather than mocks the work it imitates.• A medley of various ingredients... Denotes a technique using a generally light hearted, tongue-in-cheek imitation of another’s style. Although it is jocular (humorous), it is respectful (unlike parody).• Alternately, a pastiche may be a hodge-podge of parts derived from the original work of others.
• Pastiche is prominent in popular culture.• Many genre pieces, particularly in fantasy, are essentially pastiches.• George Lucas’ Star Wars series is often considered to be a pastiche of traditional science fiction television serials or radio shows.• They can be seen as a pastiche of 1930s science fiction cliffhanger serials like Flash Gordon and Buck Rogers. Some would argue that it blends elements of samurai, American western, and sci-fi film genres. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uh8KVG8j68I flash http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FjNlyWxwCac buck rogers
The films of Quentin Tarantino are oftendescribed as pastiches, with theirmixing and blurring of genericconventions and boundaries.Kill Bill (2003) pays tribute to (orperhaps imitates) numerous genres;(next slide)-though some say his films are more ofa homage.
Kill Bill (2003) pays tribute to (or perhaps imitates) numerous genres;Kung fu / martial arts& Japanese animeWestern films-pulp novels/comics(themes ofadventure/horror)blaxploitation(70’s)grindhouse(venues that showed exploitationfilms….showed pornographic/high sex,slasher horror or dubbed martial arts films)
Kung fu / martial arts& Japanese animeWestern filmsblaxploitation(70’s)grindhouse(venues that showed exploitationfilms….showed pornographic/high sex,slasher horror or dubbed martial arts films)
Homage• Mixing and blurring of generic conventions and boundaries.• Film or director pays tribute (some believe imitates) to previous distinctive styles/genres• Homage is generally used to mean any public show of respect to someone to whom you feel indebted (worthy of dedication). In this sense, a reference within a creative work to someone who greatly influenced the artist would be a homage
Homage example• Johnathan Glazer’s music video for Blur’s The Universal paid homage to Stanley Kubrick’s film Clockwork Orange).
Homage Example• ChinatownWhen Nicholas has • a reference to Chinatowns discovered the secret of "Forget it Jake, its Chinatown" Sandford and is trying to get Danny to help him take the village down, Danny says"Forget it Nicholas, Its Sandford"
Parody• A parody (also called spoof), is an imitative work created to mock, comment on or trivialise an original work, its subject, author, style, or some other target, by means of satiric or ironic imitation.• Most of the humour in recent parodies of film genres is based on our familiarity with formula plots, conventions and characters.
Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Duchamps parody of theVinci. Original painting from Mona Lisa adds a goatee circa 1503 – 1507. and moustache.
Parody in Duchamp (mona lisa)• Marcel Duchamps Dadaist painting LHOOQ parodies DaVincis Mona Lisa by marring it with a goatee and moustache. In keeping with his Dadist practices, which called artistic conventions and aesthetic assumptions into question, DuChamp’s paired his visual parody with a low pun; in French, "L.H.O.O.Q." sounds like an idiom describing women who sexually tease men: "elle a chaud au cul," or "she is hot in the ass."
Parody & genre (western)• Some genre theorists see parody as a natural development in the life cycle of any genre.• Such theorists note that Western movies, for example, after the classic stage defined the conventions of the genre, underwent a parody stage, in which those same conventions were ridiculed and critiqued.• Because audiences had seen these classic Westerns, they had expectations for new Westerns, and when these expectations were subverted, the audience laughed.
Parody Examples• Films like Scary Movie, Not Another Teen Movie and Team America: World Police first build on our habitual expectations of their genre and then violate them. Because each of these films incorporates the plot, characters & conventions of dozens of films, they can be helpful in studying the genres they parody.
SatireSatire is a technique in which atarget is held up for mercilessridicule. Because satire oftencombines anger and humour itcan be profoundly disturbing -because it is essentially ironic &sarcastic - it is oftenmisunderstood.Although satire is usually witty,and often very funny, the primarypurpose of satire is not primarilyhumour but criticism of anindividual or a group in a wittymanner.
Self Reflexivity I feel like I’ve been wearing the same • This is when a clothes for 10 “text” points out Years! to the audience that it is a “text”. This level of self awareness points to how “texts” are constructed• “Example: “The Simpsons”
Juxtaposition• This is when a collection of opposing elements all mix together to try and make sense.• Example: “The Mighty Boosh” This can often reflect a confusing a world where things don’t make any sense
Hyperreality• Because of all the self- reflexivity, intertextuality etc, texts become detached from anything real. This creates a hyperreal state where reality is altered and detached from anything “real”• Example: “The Matrix”
High art/culture Low art/culture LOW HIGHLow culture is a derogatory term for popular culture ; everything in High culture is a term referring to the "best of breed" (from somesociety that has mass appeal. elitist viewpoint) cultural products. What falls in this category isLow culture is a term for some forms of popular culture that that defined by the most powerful sections of society, i.e. its social,have mass appeal. political, economic and intellectual elite.Take away meals ShakespeareGossip magazines Classic art………mona lisa……Picasso…….Best selling books such as ‘50 shades of Grey’ Classic literatureSports such as basketball and football Classic music ………..such as the OperaBanksy Theatre
Hybrids of high/low• The line between high and low art is very blurred in postmodernismProducing text like this:Why?
How to create new things in an Postmodern WorldAdaptation Adaptation + Self-reflexivity Hybridisation Action + Romance?
HYBRID JUXTAPOSTION BRICOLAGE REALITY TV SHOWS (doc+game show+soap) to form new meaning/conventions + = gay?
• Can you think of two genres that have not been mixed already?• What/who decides what works well together?
How to spot a Postmodern Media Text• Run though the attached hand-out and find examples of a Postmodern text from the following categories:• Music• Fashion• Video Games QUESTIONS (write in book)• Consumer Electronics• Sport • Why do Postmodern texts exists?• Toys • What do they say about the world we live in? • What are the possible long term effects of postmodernism?
Postmodernism WIKI• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postmodernism• If you want to do more reading……
Summary of POMO Key terms• Non linear narratives• High/low art hybrids• Self reflexivity• Artificialness• Dystopian narratives (& pessimism)• Non realism• Hyperreality• Voyerism GREEN AMBER RED (confident) (somewhat (not confident)• Nostalgia confident)• Intertextuality – Homage – Pastiche – Parody• Hybridisation/hybrids• Bricolage• Juxtaposition
HomeworkSet: Thur/Fri Mar 15Due: Mon Mar 18• REVISE ALL KEY TERMS/this powerpoint• Bring to next weeks lesson something you believe to be Postmodern. (nothing from this powerpoint)• Be prepared to talk about why you brought it and why you think it is Postmodern?(you can create a Powerpoint or just write down on A3)