Reuse of applications as products or as services in the Administration. A strategy to be developed.
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Reuse of applications as products or as services in the Administration. A strategy to be developed.

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Translation of the article published in 'BOLETIC' N. 63, 2012. ...

Translation of the article published in 'BOLETIC' N. 63, 2012.

Based on the provisions of the eGovernment Law 11/2007 and the National Interoperability Framework (Royal Decree 4/2010), plus the support of European Union policies, it is possible to go ahead with the reuse of applications, either as products or as services, and of other information assets, with a goal of greater efficiency and effectiveness. There are certain steps that can be pointed out.

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    Reuse of applications as products or as services in the Administration. A strategy to be developed. Reuse of applications as products or as services in the Administration. A strategy to be developed. Document Transcript

    • Reusing assets in the Administration. A strategy to be developed.1 Based on the provisions of the eGovernment Law 11/2007 and the NationalInteroperability Framework (Royal Decree 4/2010), plus the support of EuropeanUnion policies, it is possible to go ahead with the reuse of applications, either asproducts or as services, and of other information assets, with a goal of greaterefficiency and effectiveness. There are certain steps that can be pointed out. By Miguel A. AmutioThe reuse offers an interesting potential for improving effectiveness and efficiency, while it fostersan economy based on knowledge, participation, innovation and competitiveness by contributing tothe development of an ICT ecosystem which allows cooperation between the public and privatesector with a view to improve services provided by public administrations.This applies to reuse of different assets such as applications, understood either as a product or asservice, services, public sector information and other information assets. Reuse has greatersignificance than the one strictly linked to cost savings; it is also an expression of openness,transparency, participation and collaboration, notions that make up the concept of open government.The European Union has insisted over time through various community acts and documents on howthe reuse, together with share and collaborate, contributes to innovation, interoperability, efficiencyand effectiveness.Thus, the eGovernment Action Plan 2011-2015 considers the reuse as a concept linked to theimplementation of innovative technologies, interoperability and effectiveness efficiency. Itpromotes the reuse of solutions, existing infrastructures and in particular the results of the LargeScale Pilots. Moreover, the specific area of the reuse of public sector information becomes areference in the light of the advances in the development of the legal framework, tools,communities of interest, products, as well as the estimations of the business volume generated.Moreover, the European Interoperability Framework [1] refers repeatedly throughout the text to thereuse of applications, services, specifications, data models and sources of administrativeinformation (base registries). In particular, the tenth principle recognizes that reuse is a key conceptfor the efficient development of public services, while in the seventh recommendation "urges publicadministrations, when implementing European public services, to reuse and share solutions, and tocooperate in developing joint solutions". Also the European Interoperability Strategy refers to thereuse of services, infrastructures and components and includes a cluster of measures to supportcommunities of interest and integration of collaboration platforms.In practice, JOINUP [2] is the collaboration platform deployed by the European Commission, withfunds from the ISA. JOINUP previous integrates tools for collaboration in open source software(OSOR.EU) and semantic assets (SEMIC.EU). 1 Translation of the article published in BOLETIC N. 63, 2012
    • Figure 1. JOINUP, the collaboration platform deployed by the EuropeanCommission Reuse in the eGovernment Law 11/2007The eGovernment Law 11/2007 had a direct impact on reuse by providing in Article 45 that thegovernment will make available to any administration, without compensation and withoutagreement, those applications in which they hold the copyright. Article 46 deals with operationaltools that facilitate this by establishing that the government will maintain directories for free reuseof applications in accordance with the stipulations of Royal Decree 4/2010 (NationalInteroperability Framework).Subsequently, the National Interoperability Framework devotes a chapter to the reusability ofapplications of public administrations, associated documentation and other information objects.First, Article 16 provides the licensing conditions applicable to any software being declared opensource software.Secondly, Article 17 establishes conditions for directories that have free applications for reuse; theywill be linked with equivalent instruments. This article establishes a duty to consider the availablesolutions that satisfy all or part of the requirements of new systems or services or the improvementand updating of already implanted. It also states that public administrations will seek the release ofsource code of computer applications in those directories to promote the activities of sharing, reuseand collaborate for the benefit of improved efficiency and effectiveness.In the field of Administration of Justice, the Law 18/2011 follows a similar path, because this lawprovides that applications can be shared without consideration and without agreement. This law alsoencourages the reuse of systems, services, infrastructures and existing applications, and repositoriesof free software applications for reuse.The Center for Technology Transfer (CTT) [3] is a tool for collaboration. Provided in Article 46 ofLaw 11/2007 and deployed by the Ministry of Finance and Public Administration, is designed topromote the reuse of solutions by public administrations. The CTT is linked to JOINUP and it islinked too to forges of other public administrations of Spain (Extremadura, Andalusia, Catalonia),and collaborates with CENATIC [4].
    • Figure 2. Center for Technology Transfer (CTT) Best practices and tools for share, reuse and collaborateBased on this foundation, it is possible to develop the practice of reuse applications, either asproducts or as network services and other information assets, with the goal of reaching greaterefficiency and effectiveness and also reaching a better focus on processes that add value to publicgovernance. There are certain steps that can be given: • Establish a culture of sharing, reuse and collaborate, as common practice. • Consolidate the principle of openness and advance in the reuse of assets. • Provide common guidelines to facilitate the acquisition, development, maintenance, development, configuration, operation and release of any application source code in a condition suitable for reuse as a product or as a network service, including aspects of intellectual property rights and generic clauses applied in technical requirements; together with more specific guidance necessary to facilitate operational aspects. • Reinforce the role of the Technology Transfer Center, and its relationship to other equivalent instruments in our country or in the European Union, as a focal point for locating reusable applications, along with associated documentation, either for reuse as a product or as a service through the network. In both cases appropriate licensing conditions will be applied, having as main reference the European Union Public License (EUPL), or other equivalent ones, together with licenses like Creative Commons CC-By-SA, version 3.0 or later, for documentation. • Disseminate best practices and success stories, through the Technology Transfer Centre. ConclusionsThe practice of reuse opens the opportunity for new paradigms in the development and use of ICTassets such as government applications, services or semantic assets. The conceptual framework ofreusing already established and supported. Best practices are well known and possible uncertaintiesare disappearing, while technology and collaboration platforms are reaching a level of maturity. Itsin the hands of ICT professionals to work together to develop concrete and practical aspects ofreuse and make it something more common than exceptional.References[1] http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2010:0744:FIN:EN:PDF[2] http://joinup.ec.europa.eu
    • [3] http://administracionelectronica.gob.es/?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=P803124061272300995675&langPae=es[4] http://www.cenatic.es