Sociological perspectives

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Sociological perspectives

  1. 1. Happy Friday!!!!Take out your articles an questionssheetWe are going to discuss what you readas a class
  2. 2. Nacirema= AmericanHow does this change your perceptionof the civilization?What does this tell you about howothers view our society?
  3. 3. Major Perspectives in Sociology
  4. 4. Its all how you look at itSociologists can approach the study of humansociety in different ways– Macro view- “big picture”- large social phenomena • Social institutions and inequalities– Micro view- zeroing in on immediate social situations in which people interact with one anotherFrom these 2 views, Sociologists havedeveloped various theoretical perspectives- aset of general assumptions about the natureof society
  5. 5. Functionalist Perspective- Focus on social orderEach part of society- the family, the school,the economy, the state-performs certainfunctions for the society as a wholeAll parts are interdependent– Family depends on school to educate children– School depends on the family and state to provide financial support– State depends on family and school to help children grow to be good citizens, pay taxes, etc.If something disrupts this social order, itsparts will adjust to produce new stability
  6. 6. social orderWhat holds the society together? Socialconsensus- most members of a society agreeon what would be good for everybody andcooperate to achieve itMechanical solidarity-type of social cohesionthat develops when people do similar workand have similar beliefs and valuesOrganic solidarity- social cohesion that ariseswhen the people perform specialized jobs andtherefore depend on one another
  7. 7. Conflict Perspective- Focus of Social Conflict Portrays society as always changing and always marked by conflict Society is made up of conflicting groups – Women and men – Blacks and whites – Religious groups The more powerful groups gain more than the less powerful, but the former continues to seek more wealth and power
  8. 8. Feminist TheoryA form of conflict theory that explain humanlife in terms of the experience of womenDifference in interests-caring, nurturing,gentleUnequal social situations-less power,freedom, respectWomen are oppressed-restrained, controlledby male dominant society– PATRIARCHY
  9. 9. Symbolic Interactionist Perspective: Focus on Social Interactions Directs our attention to the details of a specific situation and the interaction between individuals and situations Society is composed of individuals whose actions depend on interpreting each other’s behavior Social order is maintained through constant negotiations between individuals

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