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Week2 pp sociology.


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Week2 pp sociology.

  1. 1. Week 2
  2. 2. Society is a group of people living andinteracting together. Societies can be describedby: Geographical boundaries Patterns of common behavior Relationships between people Accepted rules and laws by which people live Ways in which resources needed for survival are distributed
  3. 3. In Australian society our SOCIETY is: An island English is the most common language spoken We have a variety of Australian, State and Local laws that cover most areas of our lives We have systems like taxation and social security as a means of distributing resources Every society organizes rules and patterns of behavior differently. This is where sociology comes in.
  4. 4.  Sociology is the study of society. It is an attempt to analyze the social world which includes the way people relate to each other and the way society is organized. Sociology is a study of social conditions (influences), social positions and social organizations. Sociology is not simple and straightforward. It involves a range of competing theories and ideas. No theory is perfect and no theory completely explains any social phenomena.
  5. 5.  Social conditions: influences which affect the behavior of people in society. They include politics, economy, religion, family, gender, age, sexual preferences etc. Social positions: relate to life changes or the probability of you attaining a particular position in society. These chances are increased or decreased by the social influences. Social organizations: the way people in society organize themselves and how organizations make people act in a similar way.
  6. 6. 1. What resources (personal, financial, social) allow you to study in this course?2. If you are currently working in the Community services industry, are there more males or females where you work? How may this be explained?3. How different might it have been for someone of your age, gender and culture 50 years ago? What might have you been doing instead?
  7. 7. Firstly – Sociologist’s don’t agree on HOW weshould study society – what methods to use.Secondly - Sociologists don’t agree whatSociety is like – how it works and changesand where it is going.
  8. 8. Consensus: Society is defined by co-operation Society is fair Society works wellConflict: Society is defined by conflict between groups – class, gender, ethnic and religious. Society is unfair Society works well…for some
  9. 9. A. To understand the difference between Macro and Micro Sociology.B. To know the basics of Marxism, Feminism, Interactionism and Functionalism.
  10. 10. MACRO means….Explaining issues in terms of society as awhole, or large institutions and groups.micro means…Explaining issues in terms of individualsdecisions – they ‘make’ society and they canremake it too!
  11. 11. Belief that society is divided between men andwomen.Men have most of the power.This is called Patriarchy – the ‘rule of the fathers’.Women are held-back by sexist men, but also bysexist institutions – e.g. employers
  12. 12. Society is like an efficient machine, or a body.It has lots of different parts, but generally theywork well together and everyone benefits.Individuals are brought up to fulfil roles by societyand generally do what they are told.
  13. 13. Society is like a conversation.Some people are better at talking, but everyonecan take part if they want.Like a conversation everything is changing and wecan’t predict what will happen.Things change a lot and this is okay.
  14. 14. Society is like a broken machine, or a mentally illperson.It is ruled over by the Rich and Powerful who use,exploit and influence the Workers to keep control.Individuals have little freedom and if they do rebelthey are punished severely.
  15. 15.  Whatdo you think it means? Talk to your neighbour.
  16. 16.  Using all your senses: observation, smell, hearing, and touch Deciding whats important and whats not Puzzle solving by looking for patterns and relationships Identifying problems Transferring your knowledge from one situation to another Applying your knowledge Making choices and educated decisions Evaluating intervention based on established criteria Read more: to/content/developing-criticalthinking-strategies-for-the- ncl.html#ixzz0vWOSvspY