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Marsha presentation writing Marsha presentation writing Presentation Transcript

  • Marsha Walker AL 8620 February 2, 2010
    • A learner needs to increase their writing ability in order to effectively communicate
    • Practicing writing can help a learner’s overall language ability
    • There are 6 tips that can help a learner on their way
    • Choose appropriate writing texts as models.
    • Choose CALL material that teaches genre as well as linguistic knowledge and strategies.
    • Teach learners how to benefit from the help and feedback functions on a computer.
    • Create opportunities to expand knowledge of English through writing for a real audience.
    • Include explicit evaluation.
    • Help learners develop their writing strategies.
    • Remember that the model texts should:
      • Contain examples of specific linguistic structures specific to the type of genre
      • Be at the right level for the individual learner
    • Understand research states:
      • Genre-specific instruction for writing is useful (Paltridge 2001)
      • Learners can gain access to texts that are too difficult for them using “easification” (Bhatia 1993)
    • http://www.softwareforstudents.com/Software_Sounds.htm
    • All products cost
    • No free trial
    • Only available applications for demo do not appear to focus on writing
    • For all levels
    • Easy Writer led to this other FREE magnificent site:
    • http://www.eslhelpdesk.com/index.html
    • http://www.writefix.com/argument/
    • Good source for seeing genre-specific texts
    • Definitely for advanced learners
    • Great tips for writing
    • Teacher would have to preteach specific materials, such as vocabulary and grammar forms
    • All essays 250-400 words
    • Remember specific linguistic forms for genres should be:
      • Explicitly taught
      • Emphasized
      • Practiced repeatedly
    • Understand that research states:
      • Specific conventions must be taught (Swales 1991)
      • Emphasis is important for learning
    • http://www.clarityenglish.com/
    • (wrong website listed in book)
    • Program costs
    • Best Application for writing: Business writing
    • http://www.clarityenglish.com/BusinessWriting/demo/Start.html?version=NAMEN
    • Great and thorough program
    • http://english-zone.com/writing/para-strctr.html
    • Teaches basic parts of a paragraph
    • Has practice quiz
    • Definitely higher level students
    • Here’s a site with more exercises:
    • http://web.jjay.cuny.edu/~esl-rc/HTML/writing/exmenu_structure.html
    • http://www.paragraphpunch.com/index.php
    • Program costs
    • Great demo
    • Extremely detailed instruction provided
    • Really makes the writing process clear
    • Worth the cost ($9.99 per year)
    • Remember that:
      • Writing on the computer provides the opportunity for help and immediate feedback
      • Vocabulary and grammar errors become extremely salient when learners attempt to use them in their writing
    • Understand research states:
      • Noting the errors and correcting them is helpful for the learners (Ferris 2004;Doughty & Williams 1998; Swain & Lapkin 1995)
      • Students do not use the computer’s feedback to do error correct without the teacher’s help (Burston 2001)
    • http://www.wordq.com/
    • Suggests words the learner could use
    • Gives feedback to help you find your mistakes
    • Makes the learner responsible for fixing mistakes
    • Program costs
    • Can download 30-day trial
    • http://www.openbooklearning.com/
    • (wrong website listed in book)
    • Could be for beginners - advanced
    • Students sign-up for a classroom based on their actual teacher
    • Program costs
    • Focus is on Literacy – mainly pronunciation and vocabulary
      • Video: http://www.openbooklearning.com/Virtual%20Campus.html
    • http://www.vantagelearning.com/myaccess/
    • Program costs
    • Grades Student Writing
    • Often used for more advanced learners
    • Has videos as demos
    • Remember that:
      • Working in collaboration is key
      • Creation of an email message, blog, web page, and more can boast interaction
    • Research states that:
      • Writing is essential to language learning because it provides “comprehensible output” (Swain 1985)
      • CALL opens up opportunities to write to real audiences (Egbert & Hanson-Smith 1999 and Warschauer 1997)
    • http://www.daedalus.com/
    • (Daedalus Integrated Writing Environment)
    • Invokes collaboration
    • Students can edit each others papers
    • Product Costs
    • Can get free trial mailed to you
    • Great demo on Tips for Teaching CALL cd
    • http://www.tesol.net/penpals/
    • Can sign-up for pen pal
    • Lists age range, proficiency level and native language
    • When student receives contact from a possible pen pal they can approve of reject them
    • Great way to collaborate and learn a language together
    • http://www.telecom-paristech.fr/tandem/etandem/etproj-en.html
    • (wrong website list in book)
    • 2 learners wanting to learn each others language become pen pals
    • Must complete registration form to find a partner
    • For serious learners only
    • Remember why a score is given:
      • To inform learners about the quality of their writing
      • To help learners improve overall writing and language ability
    • Research states that:
      • Assessment is important in the learning process (Cheng & Watanabe 2004 and Skehan 1998)
      • Students will plan and anticipate tests which will improve their language (Crookes 1989)
    • http://www.ets.org
    • Product costs
    • Evaluates learners essays
    • Provides only a holistic score
    • Errors are highlighted for learner to fix
    • Online demo: http://www.ets.org/Media/Products/Criterion/tour2/critloader.html
    • Remember that:
      • Good writing develops over a period of time so a set of strategies is needed
      • Self-evaluation strategies are important
    • Research states that:
      • Writing strategies are studied from 3 different angles: psychological, sociological, and linguistic perspectives (Grabe & Kaplan 1996)
    • The teacher can:
      • Help prompt the learners with DIWE
      • Help learners plan and organize My Access!
      • Write and revise on Microsoft Word
      • Provide model essays that learns can use as a basis for their own essays Click into English
    • Remember to choose the right material!
    • Choose CALL that teaches genre specific texts with specific focus on linguistic knowledge and strategies!
    • Teach learners how to benefit from feedback and help!
    • Create opportunities to expand knowledge of English through real-world situations!
    • Include explicit evaluation!
    • Help learners develop strategies for continuing to learn writing!