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The teacher as scaffold builder
 

The teacher as scaffold builder

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"The most important single factor influencing learning is what the learner already knows. Ascertain this and teach him accordingly" Ausubel, D..P. (1960) Thia short presentation hopes to show the ...

"The most important single factor influencing learning is what the learner already knows. Ascertain this and teach him accordingly" Ausubel, D..P. (1960) Thia short presentation hopes to show the value of using a variety of tools including graphics organizers which function as 'advance organizers' in Ausubel's quote above and help the teacher scaffold learning

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The teacher as scaffold builder The teacher as scaffold builder Presentation Transcript

  • + Marisa ConstantinidesMarisa Constantinides CELT AthensCELT Athens 1
  • + 2 TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • 3 TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/ K W
  • + What is scaffolding? What is scaffolding? What tools can we use? What tools can we use? How can we plan for it? How can we plan for it? TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/ Why should we do it? Why should we do it?
  • 6 The dog that found the shoe Woman Policeman Dog TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + a learninga learning processprocess designeddesigned to promote ato promote a deeper leveldeeper level of learningof learning http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instructional_scaffolding Image courtesy of morguefiles TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + Image courtese of http://cdn4.vtourist.com/4/4120548-Propylaea_from_inside_on_Acropolis_Athens.jpg Support given during theSupport given during the learning process which islearning process which is tailored to the needs oftailored to the needs of the student with thethe student with the intention of helping theintention of helping the student achieve his/herstudent achieve his/her learning goalslearning goals (Sawyer, 2006).(Sawyer, 2006). TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + “If I had to  reduce all educational psychology to just one principle, I would say this: The most important single factor influencing learning is what the learner already knows. Ascertain this and teach him accordingly” Ausubel, D. P. (1960).. TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • 11 P R O D U C T I O N Adaptation of a chart created by Anderson, A. & Lynch, T. 1988, Listening, OUP (p.13) TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • 12 NASA GAME You have crash-landed on the moon with your space shuttle and must decide what to take with you from the list of things which are OK for the long walk to the mother ship Look at the following objects: • Matches • Compass • Blanket • Flashlight • Oxygen tanks • Water • A flare • Some parachute silk • Some concentrated food • A raft • A star map • A transistor radio • A 45 calibre pistol • 15 metres of nylon ropeAdapted from ‘Keep Talking” F Klippel, CUP TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + Teache r Students brainstormbrainstorm elicitelicit recallrecall activateactivate questionquestion researchresearch briefbrief TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + •Give clear instructions •Include careful checks •Discuss the purposes of activities •Reduce uncertainty •Inform of outcomes •Offer support while Ss are working •State what your feedback will focus on •Involve Ss in the Feedback TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + •Careful ‘micro-planning’ •Thorough prep/briefing stage •Pre-teaching key concepts or lexis •Ensuring ss have the necessary knowledge •Inform of outcomes TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + From http://flippingmath.files.wordpress.com/2014/01/scaffolding.jpg TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + Attempt   How did he do it? What did he use? Why did he fail ? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Husband tried to kill his wife 7 times© Marisa Constantinides 2002 TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + Attempt   How did he do it? e.g. tried to strangle her What did he use? e.g. his bare hands Why did he fail ? e.g. got a cramp 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Husband tried to kill his wife 7 times© Marisa Constantinides 2002 TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + • provide organisational structures & frames • help organise student thinking & output • create opportunities for information transfer* • provide bridges from comprehension to production* * Widdowson, H.G., 1979, Explorations in Applied Linguistics, Oxford University Press (pp. 73-74) TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • 29 TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • 31 TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • 33 Husband triedHusband tried to kill his wife 7to kill his wife 7 timestimes
  • + TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • 36 TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • +
  • 38 Dialogue ? “ Good Lord! You’re the spitting image of…” “ So, tell me Anna, what do you do?” “ Christ, what is going on in there?” “ What are you doing here with Anna Scott?” “ Anna Scott! The film star! Oh God! Oh God!” “ I’m sorry I’m so late.” “ You haven’t slept with her have you?” “ I absolutely totally and utterly adore you!” “ Hello Anna…………………..Scott! Have some wine” “ Hello Anna. Delighted to meet you!” “I genuinely believe we could be best friends.” “Always imagined it must be a tough job – acting. Last film you did, what did you get paid?” “I actually walked in the loo with her……She had to ask me to leave!” “What do you think of the guinea fowl?” HO3 Who said what? Try and match the pieces of dialogue with the character you think said them Honey : H Bella : B Bernie : Ber Max : M Anna Scott : A http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JexO-N39Nzg TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + From Applebee, A. N. 1986. TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + Appropriateness of the instructional task. TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + Student ownership of theStudent ownership of the learning eventlearning event. TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + A structured learningA structured learning environment.environment. TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + SharedShared responsibilityresponsibility.. TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + Transfer ofTransfer of control.control. TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + •More engagementMore engagement •Learners primed for tasksLearners primed for tasks •Motivation to participateMotivation to participate •Top down processing helpTop down processing help •Bridges to later stages in the lessonBridges to later stages in the lesson •Better lesson flowBetter lesson flow •Task accountabilityTask accountability •Focused & purposeful language workFocused & purposeful language work TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + •Deeper LearningDeeper Learning •Dynamic DiscussionsDynamic Discussions •Individualized InstructionIndividualized Instruction •Peer-teaching & peer-learningPeer-teaching & peer-learning •Supportive learning environmentSupportive learning environment •Lowering of affective filterLowering of affective filter •Learning through doingLearning through doing •Development of learner autonomyDevelopment of learner autonomy TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + mentor mentorfacilitator facilitator monitormonitor assessor assessor TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • 50From http://flippingmath.files.wordpress.com/2014/01/scaffolding.jpg TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + …… paying attention topaying attention to howhow to beto be successful…successful… TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + …… the building is not yet complete…the building is not yet complete… TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + …… but knows the scaffolding will onebut knows the scaffolding will one day be removed…day be removed… TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • + My email marisa.constantinides@gmail.comMy email marisa.constantinides@gmail.com Twitter @Marisa_CTwitter @Marisa_C My Centre www.celt.edu.grMy Centre www.celt.edu.gr Image creditsImage credits Images not credited either my own, Microsoft Clipart or fromImages not credited either my own, Microsoft Clipart or from http://www.morguefile.comhttp://www.morguefile.com TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/
  • 56 Showing appreciationShowing appreciation Being tolerantBeing tolerant Being enthusiasticBeing enthusiastic Smiling and encouragingSmiling and encouraging Believing that all students willBelieving that all students will succeed…succeed… …… and they will!and they will! TESOL Greece 2014 – Marisa Constantinides – CELT Athens – http://www.celt.edu.gr/