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EDU 420T

EDU 420T

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    Selina Selina Document Transcript

    • Name: selina Mpolokeng Khoele Student no: 210194487 Subject: Education Theory Course code: Befp02
    • Table of contentIntroduction....................................................................................................1Education........................................................................................................1Educational Psychology................................................................................1-2Psychology......................................................................................................2Sociology.........................................................................................................3Conclusion.......................................................................................................4Bibliography.....................................................................................................4
    • IntroductionEducation is the process of educating or being educated, the theory and practice ofteaching. In education skills and discipline are taught, it can be taught in colleges, schoolsand other organisations either profitable and non profitable.EducationWhat is education; knowledge in basic skills, academics, technical, discipline, citizenship oris it something else? Our formal education system says only academic basics are importantand that is based on collecting knowledge without understanding its value. How about theprocessing of knowledge, using inspiration, visionary ambitions, creativity, risk, ability tobounce back from failure, motivation? Many education institutions don’t consider these skills.These skills are associated with understanding the value of knowledge. There is a hugedisconnected gap and this is a problem for high school students in particular.Education encompasses teaching and learning specific skills, and also something lesstangible but more profound: the imparting of knowledge, positive judgment and well-developed wisdom. Education has as one of its fundamental aspects the imparting of culturefrom generation to generation. Education means to draw out, facilitating realisation of self-potential and latent talents of an individual. It is an application of pedagogy, a body oftheoretical and applied research relating to teaching and learning and draws on manydisciplines such as psychology, philosophy, computer science, linguistics, neuroscience,sociology and anthropology.For some people struggle in life teaches lesson, it becomes a learning phase for them.The process of acquiring knowledge it can be done at a school, college or University and itcan also be done at home it can either be professional or unprofessional meaning thateducation can be planned or unplannedEducational PsychologyEducational psychology involves the study of how people learn, including topics such asstudent outcomes, the instructional process, individual differences in learning, gifted learnersand learning disabilities.Educational psychology is a discipline within the larger field of psychology which is focusedon studying how people learn. People have been curious about the processes behindlearning for thousands of years, with educational psychology as a distinct scientific disciplinearising in the 1800s. Advancements in this field are occurring all the time, including periodicreversals of previously stated conclusions. It has to do about how people gain knowledge, it can either be by a research.
    • PsychologyPsychology is a broad and diverse field. A number of different subfields and specialty areashave emerged. The following are some of the major areas of research and application withinpsychology: Abnormal Psychology is the study of abnormal behaviour and psychopathology. This specialty area is focused on research and treatment of a variety of mental disorders and is linked to psychotherapy and clinical psychology. Biological Psychology, also known as biopsychology, studies how biological processes influence the mind and behaviour. This area is closely linked to neuroscience and utilizes tools such as MRI and PET scans to look at brain injury or brain abnormalities. Clinical Psychology is focused on the assessment, diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders. Cognitive Psychology is the study of human thought processes and cognitions. Cognitive psychologists study topics such as attention, memory, perception, decision-making, problem-solving and language acquisition. Comparative Psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the study of animal behaviour. This type of research can lead to a deeper and broader understanding of human psychology. Developmental Psychology is the branch of psychology that looks at human growth and development over the lifespan. Theories often focus on the development of cognitive abilities, morality, social functioning, identity and other life areas. Forensic Psychology is an applied field focused on using psychological research and principles in the legal and criminal justice system. Industrial-Organizational Psychology is the area of psychology that uses psychological research to enhance work performance, select employee, improve product design and enhance usability. Personality Psychology looks at the various elements that make up individual personalities. Well-known personality theories include Freud’s structural model of personality and the "Big Five" theory of personality. School Psychology is the branch of psychology that works within the educational system to help children with emotional, social and academic issues. Social Psychology is a discipline that uses scientific methods to study social influence, social perception and social interaction. Social psychology studies diverse subjects including group behaviour, social perception, nonverbal behaviour, conformity, aggression and prejudice. Psychology is both an applied and academic field that studies the human mind andbehaviour. Research in psychology seeks to understand and explain thought, emotion andbehaviour. Applications of psychology include mental health treatment, performanceenhancement, self-help, ergonomics and many other areas affecting health and daily life.
    • Psychology evolved out of both philosophy and biology. Discussions of these two subjects date as far back as the early Greek thinkers including Aristotle and Socrates. The word psychology is derived from the Greek word psyche, meaning soul or mind. It is the study of all forms of human and animal behaviour. SociologySociology, the scientific study of human social behaviour. As the study of humans in theircollective aspect, sociology is concerned with all group activities: economic, social, political,and religious. Sociologists study such areas as bureaucracy, community, deviant behaviour,family, public opinion, social change, social mobility, social stratification, and such specificproblems as crime, divorce, child abuse, and substance addiction. Sociology tries todetermine the laws governing human behaviour in social contexts.The objective of Sociology is to publish outstanding and original peer-reviewed articles whichadvance the theoretical understanding of, and promote and report empirical research aboutthe widest range of sociological topics. In total this sociology depends on individualbehaviours, and showing the talented cultures and teaching goodness among the public.Sociology enables us to understand the structure and dynamics of society, and their intricateconnections to patterns of human behavior and individual life changes. It examines the ways inwhich the forms of social structure -- groups, organizations, communities, social categories (such asclass, sex, age, or race), and various social institutions (such as kinship, economic, political, orreligious) affect human attitudes, actions, and opportunities.The discipline also explores how both individuals and collectivities construct, maintain, and altersocial organization in various ways. Sociology asks about the sources and consequences of change insocial arrangements and institutions, and about the satisfactions and difficulties of planning,accomplishing, and adapting to such change. Areas studied in examining social dynamics include:culture, values, socialization, cooperation, conflict, power, exchange, inequality, deviance, socialcontrol, violence, order and social change. It is the study of development, organisation, and classification of human societies
    • ConclusionAll in all education is the most important thing in one’s life, it can either be at home or at theschool, education shapes a person ,it helps develop ones moral values, with education aperson can be made or braked depending on how a person takes the knowledge.BibliographyCopyright 2009 by Robert L. WebbGoose Creek, South Carolina 29445 US byYaminiMember of internet quiz since:28 June 2011Internet www.personalitybook.comInternet www.personalitybook.comJean Piaget and B.F. Skinner Leipzig,Germany in 1879.( in web quest)Answered by Zeus, 24 Jan 08 11:09 pm