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Next Wave of Data Centers &             Interconnects                            10GBase-T, DAC,                          ...
Agenda• What is going on in the data centers that is  driving the interconnect space• 10GBase-T, Direct Attach Copper• 40G...
About LightCounting                                 High speed interconnect Research                                 LH te...
Problem with Optical Interconnects          All Predictions are 35%-90% Traffic GrowthIEEE BWA, Cisco VNI, LightCounting M...
Virtually all the Internet traffic – goes through an optical    Virtually all the Internet traffic – goes through an optic...
Virtually all the Internet traffic – goes through an       optical transceiver somewhere in the telecom and               ...
Problem with Optical Interconnects                           What’s Wrong with this Picture?IEEE BWA, Cisco VNI, LightCoun...
Big Changes in Data CentersChanges in Data Centers Drives Interconnects  LIGHTCOUNTING                                    ...
M&As Restructure the Industry       ~24-months                                               Systems                      ...
Cabling Companies Buy AOC Startups + BUs•   TE bought Zarlink BU•   FCI Bought MergeOptics•   Molex bought Luxtera BU•   S...
Cisco Introduced Blade Servers              Competes against former server partners•   HP bought 3Com/3Par•   IBM bought B...
Cisco Buys Transceiver Companies                               CoreOptics & LightWire• CoreOptics: 100G Long haul in-house...
Software Defined Networking•   SDN Virtualizes the networking hardware•   VMWare bought Nicira•   Citrix bought Nutanix•  ...
Same thing that happened with PCs in 1980s withTaiwanese clone PCs and big name brands                ……is happening to se...
Enter the White Box ClonesServers• Big Internet related companies (Google, Facebook, Amazon, etc.) buying   servers direct...
Reactions Reactions likely:                                                                                               ...
Server-Switch Architectures1RU Servers with Top-of-rack Switches                                               Blade Serve...
Server & Switch Industry Transitions                                       Custom (e.g Google)                            ...
State of the Industry                                  Mid 2012     Waiting for New Servers     Waiting for 10GBASE-T Wait...
State of the Industry• Data centers are largely very cost sensitive;• Cost governs all decision making (over technology)  ...
State of the IndustryServers & Switches• Intel’s next gen microprocessor “Romley” server architecture – delayed ~6-9   mo’...
Intel’s Tick-Tock Model     Sets the Clock for Data Center UpgradesTick= Architecture upgrade ; Tock= Silicon Shrink      ...
Microprocessors        2-4 Cores                                           10-16 Cores                                    ...
I/O for InterconnectsVirtualization software• Sends jobs to non busy MPUs    – Increases utilization from 20% to 90%      ...
Servers per Rack                                                                                             60-80 Severs ...
Traditional Data center      Computer & Switch History MuseumLIGHTCOUNTING                                                ...
Modern Data centerkeyitec.com                                                                                             ...
Mega Data Center                                                                                                          ...
SuperComputer Site (HPC)                               18M Watts of powerLIGHTCOUNTING                                    ...
Apple South Carolina Data Center LIGHTCOUNTING                                                                            ...
Interconnect TechnologiesLIGHTCOUNTING                                                                                    ...
“Waiting for 10GBASE-T•     Will be Reeaaaaly big!•     “When it gets small ….….. it will be big”                         ...
IEEE Update                                                        40GBASE-T•   New CFI at the IEEE (July meeting) – every...
Direct Attach copper•   Has become very popular <5-7meters•   Filling the 10GBASE-T void•   Low-cost, low-power, Plug & Pl...
100G SR & LR4• So called 2 Km solution really 4-6 dB issue• IEEE is still working the technical issues on  Reach 400m-1,20...
Why 100G Needed in Data Centers            100G Driving Forces• 48 – 80 Servers/ rack• 10Gbps server uplinks• 480G -800G p...
100GLIGHTCOUNTING                                                                                                         ...
Mega Data Center                                                                                                          ...
Active Optical CablesLIGHTCOUNTING                                                                                        ...
What is an Active Optical Cable?• Parallel optic transceiver in a standard MSA shell but… integrates  the fibers directly ...
Active Optical Cables• Very popular in High Performance computers (HPCs) TOP25• Technology is proven out and is rippling d...
1 Core AOC Technology                                                                                                     ...
CES AOCs                                                                                                                  ...
Consumer Embedded AOCs 4x12.5G LIGHTCOUNTING                                                                              ...
Embedded AOCs 4x12.5GParallel                                                                                             ...
Embedded Optical Modules                           The End of Pluggable Optics?LIGHTCOUNTING                              ...
Embedded Optical Modules                     “Avago MicroPOD-Like Thingies”•   Inside chassis applications•   Mid-board op...
Three Generations of EOMsLIGHTCOUNTING                                                                                    ...
cal mess!               LIGHTCOUNTING                                                                                    ...
Its all about achieving high                                        density interconnectsLIGHTCOUNTING                    ...
IBM HPCs & Avago MicroPODsLIGHTCOUNTING                                                                                   ...
IBMLIGHTCOUNTING                                                                                                          ...
IBMLIGHTCOUNTING                                                                                                          ...
Massively complex mechanical assembly!LIGHTCOUNTING                                                                       ...
8-10 Companies Showing Prototypes         2-3 With Announced productsLIGHTCOUNTING                                        ...
Where Are EOMs Used                                                                                                       ...
Sony AOC/EOM                   CXN2006, CXN2007 and CXN2300 optical interconnection modules•   Designed for 4K x2K video f...
FujitsuLIGHTCOUNTING                                                                                                      ...
SNAP12 vs MiniPOD                     Clearly EOMs have an advantage over SNAP12sLIGHTCOUNTING                            ...
NEC 12x25G EOM at OFC2011LIGHTCOUNTING                                                                                    ...
Where Are EOMs Used?LIGHTCOUNTING                                                                                         ...
Where do you put an EOM?LIGHTCOUNTING                                                                                     ...
Avago EOMsLIGHTCOUNTING                                                                                                   ...
Offers extremely high density Optical interconnects to board edge125mW/ch @ 10G12 channels simplex =1.45W8.8 WDuplex link ...
Optically Enabled Hybrid Chip Packages• FTTChip  – Mez cards  – Chip/Optical       Reflex/Fulcrum    LIGHTCOUNTING        ...
Embedded Optical Modules                                The End of Pluggable Optics?• Answer=NO! But it is one more opport...
Conclusion• Data center are in tremendous change  – Impact or clone Servers/switches  – M&As re-writing the landscape• Low...
Thank YouOur Website:    www.lightcounting.com                                           Brad@LightCounting.comHeadquarter...
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Next Wave of Data Centers & Interconnects

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At the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2012), our LightCounting team presented about the technologies changing the Data Center.

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Transcript of "Next Wave of Data Centers & Interconnects"

  1. 1. Next Wave of Data Centers & Interconnects 10GBase-T, DAC, Avago 40G/100G transceivers, AOCs, Embedded Modules Brad Smith Sr. VP LightCounting Brad@LightCounting.comLIGHTCOUNTING 9/18/2012 1Market Research on High-Speed InterconnectsDatacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  2. 2. Agenda• What is going on in the data centers that is driving the interconnect space• 10GBase-T, Direct Attach Copper• 40G & 100G transceivers• Active optical cables• Embedded Optical modules LIGHTCOUNTING 2 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  3. 3. About LightCounting High speed interconnect Research LH telecom & FTTx -to- Data centers Ethernet, Fibre Channel, InfiniBand Vertical areas: 40/100G, AOCs, EOMs Transceiver Research Databases http://www.lightcounting.com/reports.cfmLIGHTCOUNTING 3Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  4. 4. Problem with Optical Interconnects All Predictions are 35%-90% Traffic GrowthIEEE BWA, Cisco VNI, LightCounting Model LIGHTCOUNTING 4 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  5. 5. Virtually all the Internet traffic – goes through an optical Virtually all the Internet traffic – goes through an opticaltransceiver somewhere in the telecom and datacom network! transceiver somewhere in the telecom and datacom network! Supplied by transceiver companies… About one quarter away for bankruptcy LIGHTCOUNTING 5 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  6. 6. Virtually all the Internet traffic – goes through an optical transceiver somewhere in the telecom and datacom network! Supplied by transceiver companies… About one quarter away from bankruptcy!LIGHTCOUNTING 6Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  7. 7. Problem with Optical Interconnects What’s Wrong with this Picture?IEEE BWA, Cisco VNI, LightCounting Model Optical Stocks Traffic going through roof Profits going through the floor LIGHTCOUNTING 7 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  8. 8. Big Changes in Data CentersChanges in Data Centers Drives Interconnects LIGHTCOUNTING 8 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  9. 9. M&As Restructure the Industry ~24-months Systems Cabling Transceivers SemiconductorsLIGHTCOUNTING 9/18/2012 9Market Research on High-Speed InterconnectsDatacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  10. 10. Cabling Companies Buy AOC Startups + BUs• TE bought Zarlink BU• FCI Bought MergeOptics• Molex bought Luxtera BU• Samtec bought AlpenIOResult:• $ xx Billion, international connector, cabling, companies• Offering transceiver and AOCs, EOM, VCSELs – New set of competitors for transceiver companies – Full line of copper & optical products – Power cables, every protocol, every MSA, connector, etc LIGHTCOUNTING 10 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  11. 11. Cisco Introduced Blade Servers Competes against former server partners• HP bought 3Com/3Par• IBM bought Blade Network Technologies• Dell bought Force10• Oracle bought Sun Microsystems• Mellanox bought Voltaire (InfiniBand)• Intel bought QLogic and Fulcrum (InfiniBand) & Crays HPC Intereconnect BU Now integrated Server and Switching companies LIGHTCOUNTING 11 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  12. 12. Cisco Buys Transceiver Companies CoreOptics & LightWire• CoreOptics: 100G Long haul in-house• LightWire: Silicon photonics in-house – 4x25G (100G) -- WDM – High speed modulation (40G) & integrated electronics – Data center (500 meters) & Metro (10Km)Result:• Servers, switches, and interconnects – all in-house LIGHTCOUNTING 12 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  13. 13. Software Defined Networking• SDN Virtualizes the networking hardware• VMWare bought Nicira• Citrix bought Nutanix• Oracle bought Xsigo• Cisco Systems’ investment in Insieme• Bottom line: – Big technology companies are buying their way into the virtualized storage and virtualized networking markets. – Virtualizations will likely increase all the DC traffic LIGHTCOUNTING 13 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  14. 14. Same thing that happened with PCs in 1980s withTaiwanese clone PCs and big name brands ……is happening to servers and switches! This will change everything! LIGHTCOUNTING 14 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  15. 15. Enter the White Box ClonesServers• Big Internet related companies (Google, Facebook, Amazon, etc.) buying servers directly from ODMs• Making designs available for anyone to buy• Server business already at 22% GM & heading lower• NET: White box commodity servers!Switches• White box ToR and EoR switches• Buy switch chips from Broadcom, Marvel, Mellanox, …Intel• Run OpenFlow (open source network switching software)• No longer special switching software play• No longer a Microsoft-Intel instruction set lock• NET: White box commodity switches! LIGHTCOUNTING 15 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  16. 16. Reactions Reactions likely: “Rack as a Sku” • M&As: Buy transceiver companies Cisco/Lightwire • Advanced technology: Use technology as a weapon against low cost manufacturing white boxes • More highly integrated Blade server-switch boxes • Rack-as-a-Sku” • Non-Intel Alternatives: ARM cores, Power7, SPARC microprocessors competing with Intel • HPC technologies hit high-end data centers • Software Defined Networking Switch Integrated Blade Server/Switches blade Mez boardAll these changes are going to rewrite Copper KRthe Server/Switch and Interconnectlandscape going forward Server blade LIGHTCOUNTING 16 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  17. 17. Server-Switch Architectures1RU Servers with Top-of-rack Switches Blade Servers with Integrated Switches 2 Sockets 4 Sockets No single solution! LIGHTCOUNTING 17 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  18. 18. Server & Switch Industry Transitions Custom (e.g Google) Multiple Blade Server Bays per RackTraditional Rack Servers & White Box Clones& Top-of-rack switches DAC, QSFR SR & AOCsDAC, QSFR SR & AOCs SMF 2Km nR4 transceivers From Major System SuppliersSMF 10Km LR4 transceivers Cisco, HP, IBM, etc. Focus on advanced architectures & long term Internally connected with EOMs and AOCs SMF 2Km nR4 transceivers “Rack as a Sku” Focus on low prices & 2015+ 3 yr life cycles Today 2013-2014 Brad Smith Brad@LightCounting.com LIGHTCOUNTING 18 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  19. 19. State of the Industry Mid 2012 Waiting for New Servers Waiting for 10GBASE-T Waiting for Europe’s economy to stop crashingPreparing for the Exa Flood of Data LIGHTCOUNTING 9/18/2012 19 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  20. 20. State of the Industry• Data centers are largely very cost sensitive;• Cost governs all decision making (over technology) – Decision algorithm (Cost of new product) / Server cost – Buy 100G LR4 transceiver OR 8 servers?• Average and large data center needs 4-5G, not 10G yet• Getting ready for 10G and 40G QSFP• Most popular optical transceiver = 1G SFP+ & 10G SFP+ LIGHTCOUNTING 20 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  21. 21. State of the IndustryServers & Switches• Intel’s next gen microprocessor “Romley” server architecture – delayed ~6-9 mo’s – 4 cores  10 cores (14 cores AMD) -- PCI Express Gen 2  Gen 3 with twice I/O – QuickPath to bypass bus bottlenecks -- 32-nm very energy efficient• Top-of-rack & End-of-row switches are 10G SFP+ + 40G QSFP ready but ….• Entire industry was “Waiting for new Romley servers”• And 10GBASE-T low-power 28-nm parts LIGHTCOUNTING 21 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  22. 22. Intel’s Tick-Tock Model Sets the Clock for Data Center UpgradesTick= Architecture upgrade ; Tock= Silicon Shrink Data center spending delayed by 8 months LIGHTCOUNTING 22 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  23. 23. Microprocessors 2-4 Cores 10-16 Cores 40-50 Cores2 MPUs/Server 4 MPUs/Server ? MPUs/Server128GBytes DRAM 768G Bytes DRAM 1T+ Bytes DRAMPCIe Gen2 (8 lanes @5G/lane PCIe Gen3 (8/16 lanes @8G/lane PCIe Gen3 (8G/lane) ARM, INTEL, AMD ? Data center in a server LIGHTCOUNTING 23 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  24. 24. I/O for InterconnectsVirtualization software• Sends jobs to non busy MPUs – Increases utilization from 20% to 90% PCIe Bus 20% 90%• I/O increases: Data Direct I/0 - transfer of data directly to from the network interface and cache, bypassing main memoryPCI Express Bottom line: ~200-%300 % faster I/O bandwidth• PCI Express Gen 2 5G 8b/10b and 8 lanes• PCI Express Gen 3 8G 128/132 and 8-16 lanes LIGHTCOUNTING 24 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  25. 25. Servers per Rack 60-80 Severs / Rack48 - Severs / Rack LIGHTCOUNTING 25 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  26. 26. Traditional Data center Computer & Switch History MuseumLIGHTCOUNTING 26Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  27. 27. Modern Data centerkeyitec.com bestwebhostinggeek.com LIGHTCOUNTING 27 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  28. 28. Mega Data Center .primecaretech.coLIGHTCOUNTING 28Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  29. 29. SuperComputer Site (HPC) 18M Watts of powerLIGHTCOUNTING 29Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  30. 30. Apple South Carolina Data Center LIGHTCOUNTING 30 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  31. 31. Interconnect TechnologiesLIGHTCOUNTING 31Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  32. 32. “Waiting for 10GBASE-T• Will be Reeaaaaly big!• “When it gets small ….….. it will be big” 130-nm - This will be the year! NIC 90-nm - This will be the year !• Lan On Motherboard (LOM) is key to market 65-nm - This will be the year !- PHY chip needs 28-nm (now at 40-nm) 40-nm - This will be the year! 28-nm – This will be the year!- Late 2013/2014- 10GBASE-T likely the last LOM implementation• VCs spent $850M on 10+ startups LOM• Vendor community still shrinking – Broadcom, Marvel are the 2 main players left – Also Applied Micro, Aquantia in game – PLX/Teranetics • Sold Phy division to Aquantia – Aquantia: Last remaining VC funded startup Main advantage: No huge markup like with Optical transceivers Will be big with LOM 2014 LIGHTCOUNTING 32 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  33. 33. IEEE Update 40GBASE-T• New CFI at the IEEE (July meeting) – everything is indeterminate at this point• No vendor is anywhere close to payback 10GBASE-T investments so real support is likely to be slow – 2017-2018 event• Designed for 2016 when Romley+ moves the server to 40G uplinks• 85-90% use will be Server uplinks to top-of-rack switch• 4 twisted pairs• Encoding(?): 10G using differential signaling across pairs• Scheme: 4x10G configuration• Reach(?): 50 m (Not likely 100m anymore)• Connector(?): Likely new RJ-4x; Likely not field terminated• Cable(?): Cat8? Cat7a – In any case – it’s a NEW cable! Meaning the “existing installed cable is not usable”• Biggest advantage is = no optical price mark ups by suppliers• Not likely to be supported by any startup so its Broadcom/Marvel game LIGHTCOUNTING Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  34. 34. Direct Attach copper• Has become very popular <5-7meters• Filling the 10GBASE-T void• Low-cost, low-power, Plug & Play• Cheaper than optical SFP+• Active & Passive DAC• Outselling 10GBase-T 4:1• Numerous problems surfacing – Electrically linking different vendors equipment together directly – different than linking optically – “Limiting” and “non-limiting” ports – no warning labels• Net: “DAC in the Rack” • ---until 10GBASE-T LOM shows up  10G = 7 meters 14G = 3meters 28G = ???? LIGHTCOUNTING 34 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  35. 35. 100G SR & LR4• So called 2 Km solution really 4-6 dB issue• IEEE is still working the technical issues on Reach 400m-1,200m• 25G VCSELS maybe reach 25 meters! – 125 meters with FEC chips added (more cost, more power)• 50G maybe 12 meters without FEC LIGHTCOUNTING 35 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  36. 36. Why 100G Needed in Data Centers 100G Driving Forces• 48 – 80 Servers/ rack• 10Gbps server uplinks• 480G -800G problem!• Will demand 100G uplinks• Timing: Romley Q2/2012 : Volume 2H/2012• ~ 2H/ 2013 need for 100G transceivers climb rapidly• Then it pops to 40G server uplinks in 2015/16! LIGHTCOUNTING 36 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  37. 37. 100GLIGHTCOUNTING 37Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  38. 38. Mega Data Center 400-600metes Not 2Km! 4-6dB link budget To this rack Link this rack .primecaretech.coLIGHTCOUNTING 38Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  39. 39. Active Optical CablesLIGHTCOUNTING 39Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  40. 40. What is an Active Optical Cable?• Parallel optic transceiver in a standard MSA shell but… integrates the fibers directly into the MSA• No optical connectors• Changes the game! Finisar Molex LIGHTCOUNTING 40 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  41. 41. Active Optical Cables• Very popular in High Performance computers (HPCs) TOP25• Technology is proven out and is rippling down to Top 25-100 & High- end data centers• Used to connect top-of-rack switches to end-of-row switches (4x10G QSFP)• Large router companies are starting to use 12x10G CXP• Advantages: – Plug & Play; green light; – No optical connector cleaning, familiar copper connector; – low power (700mW per end)• InfiniBand today but moving to Ethernet, SAS, PCI Express LIGHTCOUNTING 41 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  42. 42. 1 Core AOC Technology Avago Creates Multiple Products• Multiple types – 1x10G SFP+ - 4x5G CX-4 – Photonera 4x10G QSFP - 4x14G QSFP AlpenIO – 12x10G CXP - 12x12.5G CXP – 8 x 8G iPass• Breakout AOCs: 4-SFP/QSFP and 3-QSFP/CXP FCI• Embedded Optical Module (EOM) replacing SNAP12 – For inside chassis applications (no MSAs yet)• Parallel Optical Transceivers• AOC/Transceiver: AOC with connectorized fibers• Multiple applications: HPC to consumer GigaLight LIGHTCOUNTING 42 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  43. 43. CES AOCs LED lights To USB and HDMI cables To Supercomputers AOCsLIGHTCOUNTING 43Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  44. 44. Consumer Embedded AOCs 4x12.5G LIGHTCOUNTING 44 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  45. 45. Embedded AOCs 4x12.5GParallel AOC LIGHTCOUNTING 45 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  46. 46. Embedded Optical Modules The End of Pluggable Optics?LIGHTCOUNTING 46Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  47. 47. Embedded Optical Modules “Avago MicroPOD-Like Thingies”• Inside chassis applications• Mid-board optics• Start out at 10G but the big market will be at 25G• Start out in large routers; later move to servers Finisar Avago NEC LIGHTCOUNTING 47 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  48. 48. Three Generations of EOMsLIGHTCOUNTING 48Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  49. 49. cal mess!  LIGHTCOUNTING 49 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  50. 50. Its all about achieving high density interconnectsLIGHTCOUNTING 50Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  51. 51. IBM HPCs & Avago MicroPODsLIGHTCOUNTING 51Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  52. 52. IBMLIGHTCOUNTING 52Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  53. 53. IBMLIGHTCOUNTING 53Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  54. 54. Massively complex mechanical assembly!LIGHTCOUNTING 54Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  55. 55. 8-10 Companies Showing Prototypes 2-3 With Announced productsLIGHTCOUNTING 55Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  56. 56. Where Are EOMs Used Demo board from US Conec and AvagoLIGHTCOUNTING 56Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  57. 57. Sony AOC/EOM CXN2006, CXN2007 and CXN2300 optical interconnection modules• Designed for 4K x2K video for HDTVs and digital cameras• 4x10G based on VCSELs with a lens-less internal design• 10mm x 16mm http://www.sony.net/Products/SC- P/cx_news/vol68/pdf/featuring_vol68_interconnection.pdf LIGHTCOUNTING 57 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  58. 58. FujitsuLIGHTCOUNTING 58Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  59. 59. SNAP12 vs MiniPOD Clearly EOMs have an advantage over SNAP12sLIGHTCOUNTING 59Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  60. 60. NEC 12x25G EOM at OFC2011LIGHTCOUNTING 60Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  61. 61. Where Are EOMs Used?LIGHTCOUNTING 61Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  62. 62. Where do you put an EOM?LIGHTCOUNTING 62Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  63. 63. Avago EOMsLIGHTCOUNTING 63Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  64. 64. Offers extremely high density Optical interconnects to board edge125mW/ch @ 10G12 channels simplex =1.45W8.8 WDuplex link would use 12EOMs = 17W LIGHTCOUNTING 64 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  65. 65. Optically Enabled Hybrid Chip Packages• FTTChip – Mez cards – Chip/Optical Reflex/Fulcrum LIGHTCOUNTING 65 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  66. 66. Embedded Optical Modules The End of Pluggable Optics?• Answer=NO! But it is one more opportunity. – No standard electrical or optical connectors? – No interoperability requirements? – No standard configurations 4x, 12 channel? – Every supplier has unique products (no second source)• The industry will be able to achieve enough density in the data center with pluggable optics for at least next 4-5 years – 8 CFP/2s running 100G = 800G – 36 QSFP28 running 100G = 3,600G1. Significant concerns about mixing 70C optics in 100C ASICs2. Biggest limiter is repairs on failure Biggest inhibitor – Pluggable = changing fan belt on car of market – EOM = changing the piston adoption3. Rigorous vendor qualification and selection 3. Few major players LIGHTCOUNTING 66 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  67. 67. Conclusion• Data center are in tremendous change – Impact or clone Servers/switches – M&As re-writing the landscape• Low cost AOCs and Embedded Optical Modules• Transition to 25G signaling for SR and LR4• 25G is likely to “thin the heard” in transceivers LIGHTCOUNTING 67 Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012 Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
  68. 68. Thank YouOur Website: www.lightcounting.com Brad@LightCounting.comHeadquarters Location: 858 West Park Street Eugene, OR 97401 Tel: 408.962.4851 Email: info@lightCounting.comLIGHTCOUNTING 68Market Research on High-Speed Interconnects 9/18/2012Datacom, Telecom, CATV, FTTX, Consumer markets © Copyright 2011 LightCounting LLC All material proprietary and confidential.
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