Even in industry, microbes
are used to synthesize a
valuable to human beings.
industrial scale, require
growing microbes in very
Microbes especially yeast have
Same yeast saccharomyces
cerevisiae used for makingtime
immemorial for the production
bread and commonly
of beverages like wine, beer,
called brewer’s yeast.
whisky, brandy or rum
Anti means ‘against’
Bio means ‘life’.
Antibiotics are the chemical
substance, which are produced by
some microbes and can kill or retard
the growth of other microbes. Ex
After penicillin, other
antibiotics were also purified
form other microbes.
improved our capacity to treat
deadly disease such as plague,
whooping cough(kali khansi)
and leprosy(kusht rog). Which
used to kill millions all over
the globe. Today, we can’t
imagine a world without
Microbes are also used for commercial and
industrial production of certain chemicals like
organic acids, alcohols and enzymes.
1 :- Aspergillus niger(a fungus) produce citric acid
2:-Acetobacter aceti(a bacterium) produces acetic
3:- yeast for the production of ethanol.
4:- lactobacillus for the production of lactic acid.
Microbes are also used for the production of
1:Lipases are used in detergent formulations and
are helpful in removing oily stains from the
Have you ever noticed the bottled fruit juices bought
from the market are clearer as compared to those
made at home why?
Proteases and Pectinases are the reason for above
Strepetokinase produced by strepetococcus and modified
by genetic engineering is used as a ‘clot buster’ for
removing clots from the blood vessels of patients
who have undergone myocardial infection leading to
immunosuppressive agent in organ-transplant
Statin is used for blood cholestrol lowering agents. It
acts by competitively inhibiting the enzyme
responsible for the synthesis of cholestrol.