Egyptian Art Per5

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Egyptian Art Per5

  1. 1. Janin Alfonso AP Art History Per.5 EGYPTIAN ART
  2. 2. Great Pyramids Giza, Egypt c. 2500 B.C.E. <ul><li>Purpose: Giant monuments to dead pharaohs </li></ul><ul><li>Each pyramid had enjoining mortuary temple </li></ul><ul><li>Pharaoh buried within pyramid, unlike stepped pyramid </li></ul><ul><li>Material: Huge pile of limestone, minimal interior for deceased </li></ul><ul><li>Each side oriented toward a point on compass </li></ul><ul><li>Four corners oriented to the compass </li></ul>
  3. 3. Khafre Egyptian Museum, Cairo c. 2500 B.C.E . <ul><li>Idealized form </li></ul><ul><li>Falcon god Horus behind Khafre, protecting him; Khafre an incarnation of Horus; pharaoh shown to be divine </li></ul><ul><li>Interlocking lotus and papyrus, the symbol of a united Egypt, at base </li></ul><ul><li>Figure not cut away from stone, no negative space between arms of stomach </li></ul><ul><li>Strictly follows traditional Egyptian proportions </li></ul>
  4. 4. Great Sphinx Giza, Egypt c. 2500 B.C.E. <ul><li>Generalized features, although some say it may be portrait of Khafre </li></ul><ul><li>Body of lion, head of pharaoh/god </li></ul><ul><li>Sphinx seems to protect pyramids behind it </li></ul><ul><li>Originally brightly painted to stand out in desert </li></ul><ul><li>Cats loyal animals in ancient Egypt, saved grain supply form mice </li></ul><ul><li>Head of Sphinx damaged in Middle Ages </li></ul><ul><li>Beard in British Museum </li></ul>
  5. 5. Seated Scribe Louvre, Paris C.2400 B.C.E. <ul><li>PorpuseL for a tomb at Saqqara as a provision for kha </li></ul><ul><li>Not a pharaoh, wooden sculpture with sagging chest and realistic rather than idealistic features </li></ul><ul><li>Color still intact </li></ul><ul><li>Lifelike but not portrait. Conventional image of a scribe </li></ul><ul><li>Attentive expression, contrasts with pharaoh </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ti Watching Hippo Hunt Tomb of Ti, Saqqara, Egypt C. 2400 BCE <ul><li>Painted relief in mastaba of Ti, government official </li></ul><ul><li>Ti’s boat glides through giant papyri which flower into fan of birds </li></ul><ul><li>Servants hunts as tribute to deceased Ti and to destroy animals considered pests that damaged crops </li></ul><ul><li>Ti stand on boat (rather than in) and is double anyone’s size </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchy scale </li></ul>
  7. 7. Senusret III Egyptian Museum, Cairo c.1860 B.C.E. <ul><li>Moody look in mouth and eyes, looks depressed </li></ul><ul><li>Figures reflect the period of civil unrest </li></ul><ul><li>Introspective </li></ul><ul><li>Firm chin </li></ul><ul><li>Carefully delineated lines and folds of flesh between the brows and at the corners of nose and mouth </li></ul>
  8. 8. Rock Cut Tombs of Beni Hasan Egypt c. 1950-1900 B.C.E. <ul><li>Cliff walls hollowed out to reveal small burial chambers </li></ul><ul><li>Reserve columns cut away from the interior chamber to create the look of conventional columns </li></ul><ul><li>Columns are not round but fluted </li></ul><ul><li>Façade shows shallow columned porch </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut Deir el-Bahri, Egypt C. 1473-1458 <ul><li>3 colonnaded terraces and 2 ramps </li></ul><ul><li>Visually coordinated with natural setting; long horizontals and verticals of terraces and colonnades repeat pattern of cliffs behind </li></ul><ul><li>Terraces originally planted as gardens with exotic trees </li></ul><ul><li>First time the achievements of a woman are celebrated in art history; body elsewhere </li></ul>
  10. 10. Queen Hatshepsut Metropolitance Museum of Art, New York c. 1473-1458 <ul><li>Queen represented in male costume of pharaoh, yet slender proportions and slight breasts indicated femininity </li></ul><ul><li>Often portrayed as sphinx </li></ul><ul><li>Headdress, false beard, and traces of cobra on crown show her affinity with male pharaoh role </li></ul>
  11. 11. Temple of Ramases II Abu Simbel, Egypt 1290-1224 B.C.E. <ul><li>Rock-cut tomb, resembles pylon . </li></ul><ul><li>Material: 4 large situ statues of Ramses on façade </li></ul><ul><li>Façade at one point painted </li></ul><ul><li>Royal family between Ramses’ legs </li></ul><ul><li>Sun enter center of tomb on October 21, Ramses’ birthday </li></ul><ul><li>Interior Ramses sculptures carved in reserve </li></ul>
  12. 12. Nefertiti Egyptian Museum, Berlin 1353-1335 B.C.E. <ul><li>Long, elegant neck </li></ul><ul><li>Realistic face; soft, delicate features typical of New Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Limestone </li></ul><ul><li>Wife of Akhenaton </li></ul><ul><li>Amarna style </li></ul>
  13. 13. King Tutankhamen Egyptian Museum, Cairo c. 1323 B.C.E. <ul><li>Made with gold, enamel, semiprecious stones </li></ul><ul><li>Famous tomb discovered by Howard Carter in 1922 </li></ul><ul><li>Mummified body of King Tut burried with 143 objects on head, neck, abdomen, and limbs; gold mask over head </li></ul><ul><li>Gold coffin 6’7” </li></ul><ul><li>Smooth features of boy-king </li></ul>
  14. 14. Judgment before Osiris British Museum, London c. 1290-1280 B.C.E. <ul><li>Painted on papyrus </li></ul><ul><li>Illustration from Book of Dead, an Egyptian book of spells and charms </li></ul><ul><li>God of embalming, Anubis, has jackal’s head. He leads deceased to a hall where his soul is weighed against a feather. If sins outweigh feather he will be condemned. </li></ul><ul><li>Hippo/lion figure betweeb scales will eat heart of evil soul </li></ul><ul><li>God Thoth has head of bird; he is the stenographer writing down these events in the hieroglyphics he invented </li></ul><ul><li>Osiris, god of underworld, appears enthroned on right to subject the deceased to a day of judgment. </li></ul>

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