Pseudo-Secularism Christian Missions And Hindu ResistancePresentation based on a book bySita Ram Goel
History of Hindu-Christian encounter falls into five distinct phases.
First Phase• The First phase opens with the coming of Portuguese pirates and the Patron saint the pirates, Francis Xavier.• Hindus are helpless and suffer number of atrocities.• Fortunately, Portuguese lose power except in Goa and some other small territories.
Second Phase• It opens with the consolidation of the British conquest after the final defeat of the Marathas in 1813.• British do not allow Christian missions to use physical methods.• But missionary language continue to be as crude as ever.
The phase ends with the rise of Hindu reformSwami Vivekananda movements, particularly the call given by Maharshi Dayanand & Swami Vivekananda
Third Phase• It starts with the advent of Mahatma Gandhi & his slogan of sarva-dharma-sambhaav.• Christian missions are forced to change their language.• Now they are out to “share their spiritual riches” with Hindus, like a beggar in dirty rags promising to donate his wardrobe to wealthy persons.
Mahatma Gandhi’sMahatma Gandhi mindless slogan of sarva-dharma- sambhava was proving to be effective disguise for Christian missions to steal a march against Hinduism.
This phase ended with theTambram Conference of theInternational Missionary Council(IMC) in 1938 which decided toreformulate Christian theology inthe Indian context.
Fourth Phase• This phase started with the coming of Independence and proved a boon for Christianity.• It now stood recognized as “an ancient Indian religion” with every right extend itself.• Christian missionaries could now denounce any one who raised the slightest objection to their means and methods as a Hindu communalist, chauvinist and Hindu Nazi.
Pt. Nehru whoFirst Prime Minister of India dominated the scene for 17 long years, promoted every anti-Hindu ideology and movement behind the smokescreen of a counterfeit secularism.
Fifth Phase• This phase started with Hindu awakening brought about by the mass conversion of Harijans to Islam in Tamil Nadu.• Sangh parivar, startled by the rout of BJP in 1984 Lok Sabha elections, decided to renew its Hindu character.• The Ramajanmabhumi was the result. It was aimed at arresting Islamic aggression.
Christian media power in the Westraised a storm, saying that Hinduswere out to destroy the minoritiesin India and impose Nazi regime
• Hindus are committing a grave mistake in regarding the encounter between Hinduism & Christianity as a dialogue between two religions.• History tells us Christianity has never been a religion.• It has always been a predatory imperialism par excellence.
It can be described as warbetween the Vedic and the Biblical traditions.
Difference between Vedic & Biblical tradition Vedic tradition Biblical tradition• It allows people to choose • It teaches people to follow desired path for their own the commands of one moral & spiritual superior beings without development. questioning.• There is no uniform • The only training one perception for needs thereafter is how to everybody, no coercion or convert others by all allurement into a belief available means. system & no regimentation for aggression against others.
Vedic tradition has given to theworld schools of Sanatana Dharmawhich has practiced peace among their own followers.
Biblical tradition has spawned criminal cults such as Christianity, Islam, Communism, and Nazism which have always produced violence.
• The constitution of Independent India made things quite smooth for Christian missionaries.• The bans on Christian missionaries during British rule were now uplifted .Proselytisation was much easier now.• Freedom of propagation does not mean conversion but Christian missionaries took disadvantage of this freedom.
It was solely due toJawahar lal Nehru Pandit Nehru’s dishonest demagogy that forced Hindu and Hinduism on defensive and then on a run for shelter.
Census of Growth of Christian community as compared to General population Percentage growth of100.00% General population80.00% percentage growth of Christians 60.00% 40.00% 20.00% 0.00% percentage growth of Christians Percentage growth of General population
According to census of 1901Christians in the North-eastconstituted 1.23% of the whole, by1951 the proportion was 7.8% andin 1971, 12.5%.
Effects of Catholic Education• The Catholic education is one of the most important form of missionary point of view.• It alienates Hindu young men and women from their ancestral culture.• It neutralizes Hindus against missionary point of view.
In 1935, missionaries wereoperating 299 primary schools, 9middle and high schools, and 2colleges and by 1951 the numberincreased to 591 primaryschools, 65 middle and highschools and 2 colleges.
The medical and social welfareagencies in 1994 comprises 704hospitals, 1,792 dispensaries andhealth centers, 1085orphanages, 228 crèches, 111leprosaria, 102 rehabilitationcenters and 455 homes for theaged, destitute and handicapped.
• Before independence, some Christian missionaries floated the scheme of a sovereign Christian state composed of tribal areas in the North east and Central India.• The two enclaves were to be linked together by a corridor towards Christian population in Madras presidency and the princely states of Travancore and Cochin.
The ChristianInquisition usedtorture routinelyto obtainconfessions. Hereboiling oil ispoured into thevictims mouthas a clergymantakes notes
• After Vasco da Gama reached Calicut, Christian missionaries accompanied every Portuguese naval expedition to India.• Rooting out of Hinduism was a special task assigned to every Portuguese viceroy.• Schools and colleges were established many parts of India where education in Bible was compulsory to Hindu students.
Under advice from Francis Xavier, the king of Portugal established the Inquisition in Goa.Francis Xavier His vision was not confined to India. He was eyeing the whole South-east Asia and the Far East, China and Japan in particular.
He made study of Bible compulsory to Hindus in allThomas Babington Macaulay Christian schools and colleges. He design to create “a class of persons, Indian in blood and color, but English in taste, in opinions, in morals, and in intellect”
The British Government (India)• The British Government of India pretended to be indifferent to Christian missions but it helped missionaries indirectly.• The High court decisions enabled converts to blackmail their wives to follow them into the folds of their new religion.• The government encouraged the missionaries to work among the backward tribes.
Oda Nobunag started his career of conquest to unite Japan and inOda Nobunag 1568 he encouraged Catholic missionaries to built churches. Under his powerful protection the missionaries made unexpected progress.
Hideyoshi, who succeeded Nobunag, noticed thatToyotomi Hideyoshi the Portuguese had landed artillery to protect the area in which Christians lived. He ordered the arrest of all Spaniards in the country and had them crucified in Nagasakyas spies.
Ieyasu seized power in 1600.Tokugawa Shogun In 1614 Iyeasu, the Tokugawa Shogun, made it clear that Christian teachings will no longer be tolerated and an edict banning the religion was issued that year.
• A Portuguese embassy under Thomas Pires was sent to Peking & the Emperor readily received it.• In 1565 Jesuits built a residence in Macao and Christian missionaries started arriving.• In 1724, the preaching of the Christian religion was officially suppressed & the foreign missionaries were deported to Canton.
Opium trade• British East India company forced Opium trade on China, which led to many Opium wars.• China was defeated and Christian missionaries gained the right to operate in China.• The Christian missionaries created mischief everywhere and were protected by the consuls of foreign powers.
70 years of sustained missionaryeffort for Christianizing China hadinflicted great damage to Chinesesociety & culture.
• Siam was able to resist Western pressures for unequal treaties till 1885.• Missionary activity had but a little impact on the people of Siam due to the strength and vitality of the Buddhist Church.• Missionary activity in Burma able to effect neither its social structure nor its religion.
The Niyogi Committee published a report on ChristianMissionary Activities. It was published by thegovernment of Madhya Pradesh.
• The Committee contacted 11,360 persons, interviewed people from 700 different villages and received 375 written statements and 385 replies from a questionnaire.• The report writes that especially Roman Catholic missions used money-lending as a device for proselytisation.
“There was a general complaintfrom the non-Christian side thatthe schools and hospitals werebeing used as means of securingconverts."
1. Those missionaries should be asked to withdraw and the large influx of foreign missionaries should be checked.2. The use of medical and other professional services as a direct means of making conversions should be prohibited by law.
3. Attempts to convert by force or fraud or material inducements, or by taking advantage of a person’s inexperience or confidence or spiritual weakness or thoughtlessness, or by penetrating into the religious conscience of persons for the purpose of consciously altering their faith, should be absolutely prohibited.4. The Constitution of India should be amended in order to rule out propagation by foreigners and conversions by force, fraud and other illicit means.
5. Legislative measures should be enacted for controlling conversion by illegal means.6. Rules relating to registration of doctors, nurses and other personnel employed in hospitals should be suitably amended to provide a condition against evangelistic activities during professional service7. Circulation of literature meant for religious propaganda without approval of the State Government should be prohibited.
The minister of State of HomeAffairs, B.N. Datar, camepromptly for their defense.He said “no steps would be takento check the work of the foreignmissionaries.”
Om Prakash Tyagi introduced a LokSabha Bill No. 178 of 1978 under thetitle THE FREEDOM OF RELIFGIONBILL. 1978 “to provide for prohibitionon conversion from one religion toanother by use of force, orinducement or by fraudulent means &for matters incidental thereto”
A few months later the Janta Partysplit and the Morarji government hadto resign.Tyagi’s Bill could not even be discussedin the Parliament Thus an opportunitygot enacting an all-India legislationagainst forceful conversion wasmissed.
It is high time for Hindus to dismissthe dogmas of Christianity withthe contempt it deserves, and payattention to the Christianmissionary apparatus planted intheir midst.
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