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5 Major World Religions


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5 Major World Religions

  1. 1. & THEIR BELIEFS<br />5 Major World Religions <br />
  2. 2. Order of Popularity and Followers<br /><ul><li>Christianity - 2 billion
  3. 3. Islam – 1.5 billion
  4. 4. Hinduism – 900 million
  5. 5. Buddhism – 376 million
  6. 6. Judaism – 14 million</li></li></ul><li>Beginnings of Christianity<br />Jerusalem (present day Israel)<br />Founded by Jesus Christ<br /><ul><li>Born in Bethlehem
  7. 7. Went to Jerusalem (prophet foresaw) and was crucified a </li></ul> few days later<br /><ul><li>2 days later (3rd day), raised from the dead
  8. 8. Had apostles wait in Jerusalem for sending of Holy Spirit
  9. 9. 49 days later Holy Spirit fell on apostles & Peter preached </li></ul> 1st sermon of Christianity<br />
  10. 10. Birth of Christian Church<br />Day 1 held 3,000 baptisms<br />Rapidly grew and continued to spread outside of the the area<br />Once non-Jews became baptized the church spread to non-Jewish countries and locations quickly over the centuries<br />
  11. 11. Basic Beliefs of Christians<br />One God<br />Trinity<br />The Bible is the word of God<br />Jesus died on the cross<br />Jesus will return<br />Life after death<br />“There is only one God, and this God exists as one essence in three persons.”<br />
  12. 12. Islam<br />Translates to “Submission to God”<br />Followers are referred to as Muslim – translates to “One who surrenders to the will of God<br />Follow Quran and Hadith (sayings of prophet Mohamed)<br />Quran memorized by 10 million+ people<br />
  13. 13. Six Articles of Faith<br />God (Allah) = supreme eternal entity<br />Angels = have different purposes and duties<br />Scriptures = believe in all books relating to Islam and what they say<br />Prophets = Obligatory to believe in all the messengers without discrimination<br />End of the world = every human resurrected from the grave<br />Divine Creed = humans have free will, but God knows what choice they will make before they make it<br />
  14. 14. Hinduism<br />Practiced primarily in India<br />Dates back 5,000 years<br /><ul><li>Om or Aum is a sacred Hindu sound
  15. 15. Embodies the essence of the entire universe</li></ul>NabeelYoosuf. “Christmast ball – Hinduism” December 2, 2009 via Flickr. Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share-Alike.<br />
  16. 16. Brahman<br />Source and sustainer of the universe<br />Underlying universal life force that encompasses and embodies existence<br />Highest goal is to be one with Brahman and accept it<br />If you ignore the true nature of the self as one with Brahman you will become trapped in the never ending cycle of death and reincarnation<br />Jesslee Cuizon. “erawan shrine” July 11, 2007 via Flickr. Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Deriv.<br />
  17. 17. Hinduism Beliefs and Traditions<br />Households must keep a shrine to a particular deity<br />Food offered and spiritually consumed and blessed by deity's powers and then redistributed for dinner to show they received blessing of deity<br />Sahadeva. “RadhaSyamasundarVrindavanRadhastami2004” 25 October 2004 via WikiMedia Commons. Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike.<br />
  18. 18. Birth of Buddhism and Buddha<br />Founded in Northern India between 563 to 460 BCE by Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)<br />Estimated to be born 623 or 624 BCE, No pain to mother, Earth Shook, took 7 steps after birth - “Chief of the world” and announced no more reincarnations<br />Sacca. “Birth of Buddha at Lumbini” May 24, 2006 via WikiMedia Commons. Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike. <br />
  19. 19. Search for Enlightenment<br />Human Suffering<br />Witnessed numerous suffering for different reasons and effects<br />Tried to find a solution<br />Failed until “Middle Way” which consisted of meditation and moderation (in fasting)<br />AttainingEnlightenment @ 35<br />Sitting under a large tree<br />Watch 1: recall previous reincarnations<br />Watch 2: Good & Bad actions leading to reincarnations in others past lives<br />Watch 3: Gained nirvana and would never again be reincarnated<br />
  20. 20. Practices of Buddhism<br />Sila – 2 fundamental principles<br />Equality and Reciprocity<br />Samadhi – concentration meditation and mental development<br />Prajna – wisdom emerges if your mind is pure and calm<br />
  21. 21. Precepts<br />Do not kill<br />Do not steal<br />Do not lie<br />Do not misuse sex<br />Do not consume alcohol or other drugs<br />
  22. 22. Judaism<br />Founded 1300 BC in Mesopotamia<br />Majorly practiced in Israel, Europe, and USA<br />Founder is Abraham described in different scriptures<br />Sacred text = Tanakh and Talmud<br />
  23. 23. Ten Commandments of Judaism<br />Worship no other gods.<br />Do not worship idols. <br />Do not misuse the name of the Lord. <br />Keep the Sabbath holy. <br />Honor your father and mother. <br />Do not murder. <br />Do not commit adultery. <br />Do not steal. <br />Do not give false testimony <br />Do not covet.<br />
  24. 24. 13 Articles of Faith<br />God exists<br />God is one and unique<br />God is incorporeal<br />God is eternal<br />Prayer is to God only<br />The prophets spoke truth<br />Moses was the greatest of the prophets.<br />The Written and Oral Torah were given to Moses<br />There will be no other Torah<br />God knows the thoughts and deeds of men<br />God will reward the good and punish the wicked<br />The Messiah will come<br />The dead will be resurrected<br />
  25. 25. Work’s Cited<br />Emuseum. Minnesota State University, 2009. Web. 24 February 2010.<br />Evidence for Christianity. Where Did Christianity Originate? 2010. Web. 24 February 2010.<br />Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. Religious Tolerance 2007. Web. 24 February 2010.<br />