*NURHALIMA       1
Describe options for designing and         conducting interviews and develop a plan         for conducting an interview t...
* Gather information on what system should do            from many sources            * Users            * Reports        ...
*Characteristics for gathering requirements            * Impertinence              * Question everything            * Impa...
*Types of deliverables:            * Information collected from users            * Existing documents and files           ...
*Interviewing and Listening            * Gather facts, opinions and speculations            * Observe body language and em...
*Interviewing (Continued)            * Interview Questions              * Open-Ended                * No pre-specified ans...
*Types of information to be discovered:            * Problems with existing system            * Opportunity to meet new ne...
* Joint Application Design (JAD)            * Brings together key users, managers and systems              analysts       ...
* Participants            * Session Leader            * Users            * Managers            * Sponsor            * Syst...
*End Result            * Documentation detailing existing system            * Features of proposed system        *CASE Too...
* Quickly converts requirements to working          version of system        * Once the user sees requirements converted t...
* Search for and implementation of radical            change in business processes to achieve            breakthrough impr...
*Goals (Continued)            * Combine steps            * Become more responsive to future change        *Identification ...
* Interviews            * Open-ended and close-ended questions            * Preparation is key        * Questionnaires    ...
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Analisis desain sistem informasi ppt.8

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Analisis desain sistem informasi ppt.8

  1. 1. *NURHALIMA 1
  2. 2. Describe options for designing and conducting interviews and develop a plan for conducting an interview to determine system requirements Design, distribute, and analyze questionnaires to determine system requirements Explain advantages and pitfalls of observing workers and analyzing business documents to determine requirements *NURHALIMA 2
  3. 3. * Gather information on what system should do from many sources * Users * Reports * Forms * Procedures *NURHALIMA 3
  4. 4. *Characteristics for gathering requirements * Impertinence * Question everything * Impartiality * Find the best organizational solution * Relaxation of constraints * Attention to detail * Reframing * View the organization in new ways *NURHALIMA 4
  5. 5. *Types of deliverables: * Information collected from users * Existing documents and files * Computer-based information * Understanding of organizational components * Business objective * Information needs * Rules of data processing * Key events *NURHALIMA 5
  6. 6. *Interviewing and Listening * Gather facts, opinions and speculations * Observe body language and emotions * Guidelines * Plan * Checklist * Appointment * Be neutral * Listen * Seek a diverse view *NURHALIMA 6
  7. 7. *Interviewing (Continued) * Interview Questions * Open-Ended * No pre-specified answers * Close-Ended * Respondent is asked to choose from a set of specified responses * Additional Guidelines * Do not phrase questions in ways that imply a wrong or right answer * Listen very carefully to what is being said * Type up notes within 48 hours * Do not set expectations about the new system *NURHALIMA 7
  8. 8. *Types of information to be discovered: * Problems with existing system * Opportunity to meet new need * Organizational direction * Names of key individuals * Values of organization * Special information processing circumstances * Reasons for current system design * Rules for processing data *NURHALIMA 8
  9. 9. * Joint Application Design (JAD) * Brings together key users, managers and systems analysts * Purpose: collect system requirements simultaneously from key people * Conducted off-site * Prototyping * Repetitive process * Rudimentary version of system is built * Replaces or augments SDLC * Goal: to develop concrete specifications for ultimate system *NURHALIMA 9
  10. 10. * Participants * Session Leader * Users * Managers * Sponsor * Systems Analysts * Scribe * IS Staff *NURHALIMA 10
  11. 11. *End Result * Documentation detailing existing system * Features of proposed system *CASE Tools During JAD * Upper CASE tools are used * Enables analysts to enter system models directly into CASE during the JAD session * Screen designs and prototyping can be done during JAD and shown to users *NURHALIMA 11
  12. 12. * Quickly converts requirements to working version of system * Once the user sees requirements converted to system, will ask for modifications or will generate additional requests * Most useful when: * User requests are not clear * Few users are involved in the system * Designs are complex and require concrete form * History of communication problems between analysts and users * Tools are readily available to build prototype *NURHALIMA 12
  13. 13. * Search for and implementation of radical change in business processes to achieve breakthrough improvements in products and services * Goals * Reorganize complete flow of data in major sections of an organization * Eliminate unnecessary steps *NURHALIMA 13
  14. 14. *Goals (Continued) * Combine steps * Become more responsive to future change *Identification of processes to reengineer * Key business processes * Set of activities designed to produce specific output for a particular customer or market * Focused on customers and outcome * Same techniques are used as were used for requirements determination *NURHALIMA 14
  15. 15. * Interviews * Open-ended and close-ended questions * Preparation is key * Questionnaires * Must be carefully designed * Can contain close-ended as well as open-ended questions *NURHALIMA 15
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