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Galaxy Forum India 2010: Professor UR Rao: Excitement in astronomy
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Galaxy Forum India 2010: Professor UR Rao: Excitement in astronomy


Galaxy Forum, Galaxy, 21st Century Education,

Galaxy Forum, Galaxy, 21st Century Education,

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  • 1. EXCITEMENT IN ASTRONOMY By Prof. U.R. Rao Chairman, PRL Council(Former Chairman, ISRO & Secretary, DOS) Department of Space, Antariksh Bhavan New BEL Road, Bangalore – 560 231 August 9, 2010 Lecture delivered at Planetarium S-1
  • 2. INDIAN SPACE ENDEAVOUR question the relevancedo not have the fantasy of competing with the There are some who there is no ambiguity of purpose. We of space activities in a developing nation. To us, economically advanced nations in the exploration of the Moon or the planets or manned space- flight. But we are convinced that if we are to play a meaningful role nationally, and in the comity of nations, we must be second to none in the applications of advanced technologies to the real problems of man and society IRS BUDGET Rs 3148 Cr/ annum LAUNCHER APPLICATIONS HUMAN RESOURCES LEADERSHIP EXPERTISE 16500 strong LARGE USER BASE INSAT INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION INDUSTRYVIKRAM A. SARABHAI SPACE ASSETS Remote sensing & SPACE COMMERCE Telecom satellite Constellations INFRASTRUCTURE End-to-end capability STATE OF THE ART TECHNOLOGY S -2
  • 3. S–3
  • 4. LAUNCH VEHICLE EVOLUTION Flex Nozzle & Gimbal Control Multiple Satellite 0 Mission 200 yo nd Be CLG, Onboard RTD, Strap-on Technology s 90 19 Inertial system Orbital mission s 80 19Solid propulsionOpen loop guidance Heavy s 70 Cryogenics -19 60 Large Boosters 19 Cryogenic Liquid Technology, Propulsion GTO Mission Maraging Steel Vertical Large Booster & Integration Upper Stage Bulbous Heat Shield Two Launch Basics in various Pads Disciplines; Structures, Aerodynamics, Avionics, Propellants etc.. S-4
  • 5. S -5 MOON IMPACT PROBE (Solar Wind Monitor) SWIM RADOM (Radiation dose monitor) (Chandrayaan Energetic Neutral Analyzer) CENA TMC SARA (Terrain Mapping Camera) LLRI (Lunar Laser Ranging Instrument)SIR-2 (Infrared Spectrometer)(Hyper Spectral Imager) HySI M3 (Low Energy X-ray) (Moon Mineralogy CIXS Mapper)(Compact Imaging X-ray Spectrometer) MINI-SAR (High Energy X-ray) HEX (Miniature Synthetic Aperture Radar) CHANDRAYAAN-1 PAYLOADS
  • 6. S -6 22nd October 2008PSLV – C11: Lift Off ISRO
  • 7. Initial Orbit by PSLV: 255 km X 22860 km LOI : 496 x 7502EPN-1 : 304 X 37902 LBN-1 : 125 x 7500EPN-2 : 332 X 74705 LBN-2 : 107 x 274EPN-3 : 347 X 165016 LBN-3 : 101 x 107EPN-4 : 459 X 266549 LBN-4 : 100 x 100EBN-5 : 972 X 379853 A Giant Leap S-7
  • 8. S-8
  • 9. S-9
  • 10. S - 10
  • 11. S - 11
  • 12. GREAT POST-SPACE AGE DISCOVERIES1960 Quasar 3C 273, 300 x 106 LY away (>100 Milky Way luminosity) Upto 12-13 B LY. Gigantic young galaxies driven by giant black holes, several thousands detected so far1961 Solar Wind – Magnetosphere1962 X-ray Astronomy (10,000 Sun’s energy, temp 100 x 106 deg ) >60,000 detected1965 Cosmic µ wave background (Panzias & Wilson).1967 Pulsars (Sugar lump size weighing 100 m. tons), over 700 discovered1968 Gamma-ray astronomy. Several thousands, x-ray bursts, gamma ray bursts1988 First EXO-Planet (>350 now)1989 COBE2001 Wilkinson µ wave anisotropy Probe (WMAP)2009 Ethyl Formate (raspberry or rum flavour) in Saggitarius dense region Many complex molecules discovered so far (amino acid not yet) S– 12
  • 13. MAJOR CHALLENGES IN ASTRONOMYA. Vision for Space Exploration (VSE) Chandrayaan-2, Manned MissionB. Hunt for extraterrestrial life / intelligence, over 350 exo. planets and 4 planetary systems (Max. 5 planets) discovered since 1988C. Extension of human presence across solar system• Return to the Moon and establish habitat on Moon• Colonisation of MarsD. Cosmology• Big Bang (COBE)• W.MAP (Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe) Shows face of God? Planck – HERCHEL? Launched 14 May 2009, L2 July 2010.• GUT (Grand Unified Theory) Space exploration & LHC (Large Hadron Collider) to enable us toread the mind of God (E = mc2) ? S–13
  • 14. S–14
  • 15. There are more things inHeaven and EarthThan one dreamt of in our philosophy Hamlet _____ ShakespeareThere is “Plenty of room at the bottom”:But much more at the topLast 50 years of space exploration has been dramaticNext 50 years are going to be spectacularFor those who dare to dream S–15
  • 16. “DARE TO DREAM” S – 16