Small Spacecraft Mission Enterprise

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Small Spacecraft Mission Enterprise

  1. 1. National Aeronautics and Space Administration John W. Hines Chief TechnologistNASA-Ames Research Center John.w.hines@nasa.gov 650-604-5538 in  Silicon  Valley...   www.nasa.gov …Innova0on  starts  here  
  2. 2. SSME…Where We are Going National Aeronautics and Space Administration•  Trend is for Smaller Technology •  Concurrent applications •  Solid R&D Foundations •  Well-Informed Make or Buy Decisions •  Constrained Budgets •  International Collaborative Focus •  Next Generation Workforce Training An Idea to Focus the NASA Small Spacecraft Community,And to Accelerate Integration into NASA Missions and Programs www.nasa.gov
  3. 3. The Small Spacecraft and National Aeronautics and Space Administration Missions Enterprise (SSME)•  Embodies an open vision for next generation space systems and missions development,•  Implements a strategy to facilitate increased efficiencies for agency, mission directorate, national, and commercial space utilization that leverages small spacecraft investments.•  SSME focuses on: –  identifying the needs of the space community, –  defining technology emphasis areas, –  establishing and vetting appropriate standards, and –  providing critical infrastructure elements necessary to facilitate efficiencies and leveraging within the Small Spacecraft and Missions user and developer communities.•  Where appropriate, testbeds, pilot, and demonstration projects will be conducted, with an aim of accelerating the acceptance and utilization of small spacecraft systems, technologies, and mission architectures. www.nasa.gov
  4. 4. SSME Suggested Organization National Aeronautics and Space Administration Tech Advisory Panel SSME Org NGO (?) Stakeholders Contributors Project Teams Communications, reporting, documentation Technology Advocacy Pilot Projects and Missions SS Infrastructure Standards Testbeds Technology Demonstrations Launch Opportunities Sm Spacecraft Platforms Generic Nanosat Science Missions Integrated Mission Ops Payload Accommodations AvionicsMechanical Systems Distributed Gnd Stns Interfaces Earth and Interfaces S/C; L/V; P/L Astrophysics HeliophysicsGnd and Mission Ops Sm Spacecraft Platforms Communications Planetary Science HEOMD Missions Subsystems Ground Stations Spacecraft Subsystems Robotic Human Assist(ed) Platforms/Architectures STEM Projects Launch Vehicles/Interfaces Intl Collabs Mission OPs / Gnd Stations Industry Collabs Enabling Tools & Capabilities Payloads & Accommodations Mission, Systems, Project Engineering www.nasa.gov
  5. 5. National Aeronautics and Space Administration SSME ‘push’ technology categories•  Spacecraft SubSystems and Components –  Avionics (CDH, ADCS, PWR, COMM) –  Mechanical Subsystems (STRUC, PROP, DEPLBLS) –  Thermal•  Autonomous Flight and Ground Software•  Space Systems, Platforms, and Mission Architectures•  Launch Vehicles, Adapters, Deployers, and Interfaces•  Payloads and Payload Accommodations•  Mission Operations and Gnd/Range Technologies•  Enabling Tools and Capabilities•  Mission, Systems, and Project Engineering www.nasa.gov
  6. 6. Spacecraft Technologies National Aeronautics and Space Administration High Capacity, Lightweight Nano-ACS Thrusters Micro-Propulsion•  Advanced Bus Architectures Batteries •  Plug and Play •  Autonomous Operations•  Data Handling•  Communications GPS Receiver High Performance, Low Power Computing 5.8 GHz Transceiver•  Guidance, Navigation and Control •  MEMS Accelerometers and Gyroscopes •  Miniaturized GPS Devices • Propellantless Attitude Control Mini Star Tracker• Multisatellite Operations Sun Sensor Nano Reaction Wheels Ultra light weight IMU •  Formation Flying/Constellations•  Power Enables a Variety of •  Long-life, High-density, Science Missions: Scalable Power Storage •  Deployable Solar Arrays Precision Formation Flying•  Structure Remote Imaging- Earth/Lunar Science •  Evolvable, Reconfigurable Satellites Autonomous Satellite Maintenance•  Thermal Management Space Physics & Astrophysics •  MEMS-based Exploration- Lunar, NEOs, Comets www.nasa.gov
  7. 7. National Aeronautics and Space Administration SSME Platform Objective•  The overarching platform objective of the SSME is to determine the optimal architecture and component configuration(s) for a given mission platform (or combinations of platforms), or small spacecraft mission architecture that will allow for the same capabilities as larger platforms in smaller form factors.•  Several small spacecraft platforms are envisioned, with an eye toward exploring and defining pathways to conduct 50-80% of target space missions at 20-50% of cost, size, mass, and development. www.nasa.gov
  8. 8. National Aeronautics and Space Administration SSME Platforms•  The SSME aligns a broad spectrum of small spacecraft mission requirements and objectives with pilot projects to mature and evaluate transformational technologies to a level suitable for flight demonstration on multiple platforms. A representative distribution of possible platforms to be considered include:•  <1 – 5 kg•  5 – 50 kg•  50 – 200 kg•  Hosted Payloads www.nasa.gov
  9. 9. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Innovation in Small Satellites •  Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) - Lunar Kinetic Impactor Mission to explore the presence and nature of water ice on the Moon. •  Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) - Will seek new information about the tenuous lunar atmosphere and dust environment. •  Pharmasat - Fully-automated, miniaturized triple cubesat spaceflight system for biological payloads. •  O/OREOS - studies how exposure to space changes organic molecules and biology. •  IRIS will use a solar telescope and spectrographto explore the solar chromospheres. www.nasa.gov
  10. 10. NASA-Ames Nanosatellite Projects National Aeronautics and Space Administration GeneSat-1 PharmaSat-1 Nanosail-D www.nasa.gov
  11. 11. National Aeronautics and Space Administrationwww.nasa.gov
  12. 12. National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationTriple Cube baseline with Beacon or Aux Payload Cylinder and Deorbit capability (per Pharmasat/OOREOS form factor). –  Maximum 2.0 kg per cube equiv or 6.0 kg. –  Triple cube equiv baseline designated as 1N, configs = 1N, 2N, 3N, 4N. –  4N quad = 1Q; 1Q =4 ea 1N in 2x2 (or 1x4) form factor; –  Configs = 1Q, 2Q, 3Q (Special cases only right now). –  Maybe also 1.5 Q (= 32N). (Special cases only) Mass (kg) Name Vol 6 NanoCube 1N 12 2Cube 2N 24 Quad (2x2) 1Q 48 Double Quad www.nasa.gov 2Q
  13. 13. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Innovative SmallSat Architectureswww.nasa.gov
  14. 14. National Aeronautics and Space Administrationwww.nasa.gov
  15. 15. Technology and Innovation Strategy National Aeronautics and Space Administration … Addressing Global Needs Commercial,   Na/onal   Technology   DoD,   Defense   And  Economic   Entrepreneural   Space   And   Compe//veness   Other  Gov,   Security   Solu/on     Industry   Interna/onal   Space   Space   Research,   Development,   And   Explora/on  Spin-­‐off  Technologies  for   Robust  Aerospace  Non-­‐Space  Applica/ons   Industry  &   Compe//ve   NASA  Missions   Advantage   www.nasa.gov
  16. 16. SSME Stakeholders National Aeronautics and Space Administration SSME Stakeholders OCT Other NASA Other Gov Academia IndustryEarly Stage HEOMD DoD/DARPA/AFRL EPSCoR EntrepreneurGame Chngg SMD NSF Univ NanoSat SmallFranklinX-Cutg Educ / Intl / Leg / Public NRO Cubesat LargeEdison www.nasa.gov
  17. 17. National Aeronautics and Space Administration SSME Study Elements•  White papers used to address the needs of NASA programs, mission directorates, and the external community to outline and define Design Reference Missions (DRMs) to illustrate potential technology areas and thrusts for small satellites.•  Workshop to vet the white papers and to solicit input from the satellite space technology base at large, including developers, users, and providers from industry, government, and academia, on technologies that would most greatly benefit their platforms and applications.•  Database of applicable and appropriate technologies, subsystems, products, and potential vendors, researchers, subject matter experts, and providers•  Roadmaps for use as guiding documents in the efforts of small spacecraft development.•  Technology implementation and insertion recommendations for Space Technology and Mission Directorates to inform and augment their strategic and investment roadmaps and other planning vehicles.•  Pilot Projects and Testbeds to demonstrate utility and feasibility of concepts, technologies, and approaches identified through the above activities, and which serve to motivate the user, provider, and stakeholder communities to utilize and advocate resulting products. www.nasa.gov
  18. 18. SSME Tech Advisory Panel SSME Org External NGO (?) National Aeronautics and Space Administration Small Spacecraft and Missions Enterprise Stakeholders Small Spacecraft Virtual Institute Project Teams SSVE Resident Intern Program OCT / STP (solicited) Franklin Program Other NASA Tiers of teams and solicitation Other Gov Academia Industry / Entrepreneurs International Collaborators tier 1 demo using existing assets tier 2 modify existing assets tier 3 develop new and advanced assets TestbedsGeneric Nanosat Avionics Mechanical Systems & Interfaces Ground and Mission Ops Technology Advocacy Pilot Projects/Destinations SS Infrastructure Standards Spacecraft Subsystems TechEdSat 1U, 1.5U, 2U, 3U, 6U Launch Opportunities Sm Spacecraft Platforms Cubesat,Phonesat cluster LEO, ISS Integrated Mission Ops Payload Accommodations Avionics (CDH,ADCS,PWR,COMM) Mech Systems (STRUC,PROP,DEPLYBLS)) Software NEO Distributed Gnd Stns Software Thermal Platforms/Architectures Lunar Sm Spacecraft Platforms Interfaces S/C; L/V; P/L Launch Veh / Interfaces Libration Points Subsystems Communications Mission Ops / Gnd Stns GEO Ground Stations Enabling Tool and Capabilities Hosted Payloads and Launch Vehicles Payload Accommodations MIssion, Systems Engineering www.nasa.gov
  19. 19. National Aeronautics and Space Administration SSME  Future  (?)   Governing     Board    ARC Space ContractAgreement Technology Office      NGO  [SSVI]? (STO) Agreement(s) MembershipAgreementARC Tech Org Other Gov Orgs Industry Academia  Other Centers www.nasa.gov

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