Technology Development at NASA


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Technology Development at NASA

  1. 1. National Aeronautics and Space Administration John W. Hines Chief TechnologistNASA-Ames Research Center in  Silicon  Valley...   …Innova0on  starts  here August, 2012
  2. 2. NASA-Ames Research Center National Aeronautics and Space Administration San Francisco Bay Area CA, USAStanford Ames in  Silicon  Valley...   …Innova0on  starts  here  
  3. 3. NASA  Ames:7  Decades  of  Innova3on  2010+   NASA     Lunar     Science     InsRtute   PhoneSat   X-­‐36   2000   TekRtes   Human  Centered     Pioneer   CompuRng   OOREOS  Flight  Simulator   Blunt  Body     Galileo   1990   Concept   Viking   1980   Lunar  Prospector   LCROSS   Pioneer   Venus   Air   Transonic     TransportaRon     Flow   Life  Sciences     Research   1970   System   Li2ing  Body   Tiltrotor   Kepler   Astrobiology   NASA  Research  Park   1960   Swept-­‐   Back/Wing   Flight     Kuiper  Observatory   Research   ER-­‐2   Nanotechnology   SOFIA   1950   CFD  Conical  Camber  1940   Arcjet  Research   Hypervelocity  Free  Flight   80x120  Wind  Tunnel   One  of  the  World’s  Fastest     OperaRonal  Supercomputers  
  4. 4. National Aeronautics and Space Administration•  ISS•  Free Flyers•  Asteroids•  Moon•  Mars•  Beyond
  5. 5. Space Missions Directorate National Aeronautics and Space Administration Observation and Discover how theTo develop a scientific Understanding theunderstanding of Earths Sun, Heliosphere, discovery of our solar universe works,system and its response and Planetary system’s planetary explore how the objects. …strategy based universe began andto natural or human- Environments as a on progressing from developed into itsinduced changes, and single connectedto improve prediction of system flybys, to orbiting, to present form, andclimate, weather, and landing, to roving and search for Earth-like finally to returning planets.natural hazards. samples from planetary-Atmospheric Composition • Heliosphere bodies Planets Around Other-Weather • Magnetospheres Stars-Carbon Cycle & • Inner Solar System • Space Environment The Big BangEcosystems • Outer Solar System Dark Energy, Dark Matter-Water & Energy Cycles • Small Bodies of the Solar Stars-Climate Variability & System GalaxiesChange • Mars Program Planning Black Holes-Earth Surface & Interior
  6. 6. National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationMars Science
  7. 7. Kepler Spacecraft hJp://  Kepler  is  a  space  observatory  launched  by  NASA  to  discover  Earth-­‐like  planets  orbi3ng  other  stars.  The  spacecraE,  named  in  honor  of  the  17th-­‐century  German  astronomer  Johannes  Kepler,      Launch  date:  March  7,  2009  3:49  AM  Orbit  height:  92,955,807  miles  (149,597,871  km)  Speed  on  orbit:  3.661  miles/s  (5.892  km/s)  Cost:  US$  550  million  Launch  site:  Cape  Canaveral  Air  Force  StaRon  Launch  Complex  17  Manufacturer:  Ball  Aerospace     Photometer  |    Kepler  Planet  Count   The  Kepler  photometer    is  basically  a  Schmidt  telescope  design  with  a  Confirmed  Planets:  74   0.95-­‐meter  aperture  and  a  105  square  deg  (about  12  degree  Planet  Candidates:  2,321   diameter)  field-­‐of-­‐view  (FOV).  It  is  pointed  at  and  records  data  from  just  a  single  Eclipsing  Binary  Stars:  2,165   group  of  stars  for  the  three  and  one-­‐half  or  more  year  duraRon  of  the  mission.  The   photometer  is  composed  of  just  one  "instrument,"  which  is,  an  array  of  42  CCDs  (charge   coupled  devices).  Each  50x25  mm  CCD  has  2200x1024  pixels.  
  8. 8. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Small Satellites Synthetic Biology
  9. 9. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Innovation in Small Satellites •  Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) - Lunar Kinetic Impactor Mission to explore the presence and nature of water ice on the Moon. •  Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) - Will seek new information about the tenuous lunar atmosphere and dust environment. •  Pharmasat - Fully-automated, miniaturized triple cubesat spaceflight system for biological payloads. •  O/OREOS - studies how exposure to space changes organic molecules and biology. •  IRIS will use a solar telescope and spectrographto explore the solar chromospheres.
  10. 10. GeneSat-­‐1   PharmaSat-­‐1   Nanosail-­‐D   O/OREOS  
  11. 11. ISS National Laboratory – ISS Utilization Platform-Agnostic Space Payloads
  12. 12. Multi-user EXPRESS National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationRacksMiddeck locker scale instruments invarious research disciplines such asbiotechnology and plant research Sub-rack class payloads and facilitiesCubeLab NanoLab European Space Agency Astronaut Thomas Reiter, Expedition 13 Flight Engineer, installing the EMCS facility into the EXPRESS Rack 3A. 10 J. Robinson
  13. 13. National Aeronautics and Space
  14. 14. National Aeronautics and Space
  15. 15. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Planetary Hitch Hiker   Green  propulsion  Modularity enables payload,propulsion Comsat  and  ESPA   , and CompaRble   launch 6U  nanosat  dispenser   flexibility. Low-­‐cost  and  versaRle   plakorm   Standardized  nanosat   payloads
  16. 16. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Heliophysics Priorities SOHO IRIS
  17. 17. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Innovative SmallSat
  18. 18. National Aeronautics and Space
  19. 19. •  Food  Produc3on    •  Biological-­‐ISRU    •  Advanced  Sensors    •  Advanced  Materials  •  Life  support  loop-­‐ closure    •  Space  Medicine    •  Life  Detec3on    •    Scien3fic  Discovery   Vision:  To  harness  biology  in  reliable,  robust,  engineered  systems  to  support  NASA’s  explora<on  and   science  missions,  to  improve  life  on  Earth,  and  to  help  shape  NASA’s  future  
  20. 20. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Innovation in Science UAVs and other Platforms to study storms and firesSensors andInstruments Synthetic Biology and Other Biological Applications And Technologies
  21. 21. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Innovation in Aeronautics Advanced aircraft conceptsBiomass energy for fuel Hybrid Rockets Airships Fuel Cells
  22. 22. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Innovation in Technology Re-entry Technologies Supercomputing VisualizationExploration Technologies Human-Machine Interfaces
  23. 23. Solar  System  Internet  •  Extends  the  reach  of  the  Earth’s  Internet    across  the   solar  system  via  “Disrup0on  Tolerant   Networking”  (DTN)  communica0ons  protocols  •  Layered  open  architecture  supports  evolu0on  and   interna0onal  interoperability  
  24. 24. Possible Areas of Future Activities National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationCharacteristics: * • Anticipatory (ability to anticipate futureevents on basis of current data) • Collaborative (ability to cooperate withother systems) • Curious (motivation to explore, investigate,and discover) • Self-modeling (ability to reason about itsown changing status) • Adaptive (functionality change over time tomeet changing needs) • Self-Repairing (ability to reconfigure and/or repair itself autonomously) • Biologically-inspired sensor fusion &sensory-guided motor control • Portability (ability to be effortlessly mobilewith no compromise of function)”
  25. 25. National Aeronautics and Space
  26. 26. Space Technology Grand Challenges National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationSpace  Technology  Grand  Challenges:  a  set  of  important  space-­‐related  problems  that  must  be  solved  to  efficiently  and  economically  achieve  our  missions.  We  will  use  the  Space  Technology  Grand  Challenges  with  the  Space  Technology  Roadmaps  to  priori3ze  our  technology  por[olio  with  an  eye  towards  the  Agency’s  future.   More  InformaRon  at    hlp://  OFFICE OF THE CHIEF TECHNOLOGIST 28
  27. 27. Technology  and  InnovaRon  Strategy   …  Addressing  Global  Needs   NaRonal   Technology   Commercial,   DoD,   Defense   And  Economic   Entrepreneural   And   CompeRRveness   Other  Gov,   Security   Space   SoluRon   InternaRonal   Industry;   Space   Academia   Space   Research,   Development,   And   ExploraRon  Spin-­‐off  Technologies  for   Robust  Aerospace  Non-­‐Space  ApplicaRons   Industry  &   CompeRRve   NASA  Missions   Advantage  
  28. 28. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Innovation in Outreach and EducationInstituting Science in Schools, Yuri’s NightChabot Science Center Education DayExploration Day at Ames
  29. 29. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Thanx for your attention!
  30. 30. National Aeronautics and Space
  31. 31. National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  32. 32. OCT - Complete Technology Maturation Pipeline National Aeronautics and Space Administration •  Space Technology Research Grants •  Flight Opportunities •  NASA Innovative •  Game Advanced Concepts Changing (NIAC) Development •  Center Innovation •  Technology Fund Demonstration •  Franklin Missions •  Centennial Small Challenges Prize Satellite Subsystem •  Edison Small •  Small Business Technologies Satellite Innovation Research Demonstration & Small Business Technology Transfer Missions (SBIR/STTR)OFFICE OF THE CHIEF TECHNOLOGIST 5
  34. 34. Big Nine Projects 36  
  35. 35. National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA Small  Spacecra2   National Missions Systems  and   Interests Technologies Sustainable  and   Biological   Sustaining   Technologies  and   Technologies ApplicaRons Space  and  Earth   Nano-­‐  and  Micro-­‐   Science  and   Technologies  and   Systems ARC Space  Physics   Technologies  and   ApplicaRons Technology Sensors,  Instruments,   Expertise Human  and   RoboRc   Devices,Materials  ,   Photonics,  OpRcs,   Areas ExploraRon   Technologies Imaging AeronauRcs   InformaRon  Systems,   ComputaRon,   CommunicaRons,  and   Commercial,  Hypersonics,  EDL   Intelligent  Systems TechnologiesEntrepreneurial STEM Space
  36. 36. National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationActive Initiatives 1. Small Spacecraft and Missions Enterprise (SSME) 2. Biological Technologies for Life Beyond Low Earth Orbit (BT4LBLEO) 3.  Science Instruments for Small Missions (SISM) 4.  Advanced Digital Materials and Manufacturing for Space (ADMMS) 5.  Designing High-Confidence Software and Systems (DHCSS) 6.  Cyber-Physical Systems Modeling and Analysis (CPSMA)Other Suggested Initiatives 1.  First Responder, Emergency, and Diasaster Assistance (FREDA) 2.  Emerging Aeronautics Systems and Technologies (EAST) 3.  GREEN Technologies (Technologies for Sustainability) 38