Citta2013 hugo leandro e n marques da costa

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ROAD SAFETY AND HEALTY CITIES - THE SEIXAL CASE STUDY - Presentation

Abstract
The reduction of road fatalities, as a factor of the community’s well-being improvement is one of the objectives for the promotion of the healthy city. Being the pedestrian injury crashes (PIC) more relevant in an urban environment it is fundamental for its understanding know the conditions in which they occurred. This paper presents a statistic survey made in the Seixal municipality, revealing some of the factors that can help to explain the incidence of PIC, giving us some clues as point to measures that should be taken for the promotion of a safer and healthier city.

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Citta2013 hugo leandro e n marques da costa

  1. 1. HUGO LEANDRO, hleandro@campus.ul.pt, CEG - IGOT-ULNUNO MARQUES DA COSTA, nunocosta@campus.ul.pt, CEG - IGOT-UL6TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON PLANNING RESEARCHUNIVERSIDADE DE COIMBRA  17TH MAY 2013ROAD SAFETY AND HEALTY CITIESTHE SEIXAL CASE STUDY
  2. 2. BACKGROUND6TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON PLANNING RESEARCHUNIVERSIDADE DE COIMBRA  17TH MAY 2013HUGO LEANDRO; NUNO MARQUES DA COSTACEG – IGOT – UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOA• Road accidents are present day public health problem with pedestrians being the most vulnerableelement with a global toll of 1.2 million deaths and a high economic cost. In Portugal, in 2011, 689 roaddeaths, 117 (17%) of whom Pedestrian Injury Crashes (PIC). The young (20% of the population), under theage of 20 account for 28% of victims of PIC and the senior citizens(18% of the population), under the ageof 65, 30%.• Secondly, the coupled fact that in Lisbon Metropolitan Area the vehicles are the primary mode of traveland travel on foot is an important method of local travel, gives place to a great number of interactionsbetween pedestrians and road vehiclesFonte: Adapted from Vala in Movimentos pendulares e modos de transporte na Área Metropolitana de Lisboa - 2001 (2003)
  3. 3. METODOLOGY6TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON PLANNING RESEARCHUNIVERSIDADE DE COIMBRA  17TH MAY 2013HUGO LEANDRO; NUNO MARQUES DA COSTACEG – IGOT – UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOA• Collection and analysis of statistical data, mapping in the Pedestrian Injury Crasheslocations.• Observation at the locations of highest incidence of pedestrian accidents (≥ 5 in the periodfrom 2007 to 2009) to assess the local crossing conditions and the behavior of pedestriansand drivers.• Questionnaires to drivers with, at least, 10 years of legal authorization to drive motorvehicles and to pedestrians of various age groups..
  4. 4. FRAMEWORK6TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON PLANNING RESEARCHUNIVERSIDADE DE COIMBRA  17TH MAY 2013HUGO LEANDRO; NUNO MARQUES DA COSTACEG – IGOT – UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOASeixal is a Portuguese city, and municipality, on the South bank of the Tagus River, makingpart of the Lisbon Metropolitan Area (AML) and a member of the European Network ofHealthy Cities since 1998. In 2011 it had a high population density of 1 654 inhabitants / km2,with the highest densities being found along the transport structural axis A2 (Highway 2) /EN10 (National Road 10).
  5. 5. FRAMEWORK6TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON PLANNING RESEARCHUNIVERSIDADE DE COIMBRA  17TH MAY 2013HUGO LEANDRO; NUNO MARQUES DA COSTACEG – IGOT – UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOALisboaLisboa byPonte Vascoda Gama
  6. 6. RESULTS6TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON PLANNING RESEARCHUNIVERSIDADE DE COIMBRA  17TH MAY 2013HUGO LEANDRO; NUNO MARQUES DA COSTACEG – IGOT – UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOAStreets with, at least, 5 Pedestran Injury Crashes (PIC)
  7. 7. RESULTS6TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON PLANNING RESEARCHUNIVERSIDADE DE COIMBRA  17TH MAY 2013HUGO LEANDRO; NUNO MARQUES DA COSTACEG – IGOT – UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOAStreets with, at least, 5 PIC
  8. 8. RESULTS6TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON PLANNING RESEARCHUNIVERSIDADE DE COIMBRA  17TH MAY 2013HUGO LEANDRO; NUNO MARQUES DA COSTACEG – IGOT – UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOAStreets with, at least, 5 PIC
  9. 9. RESULTS6TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON PLANNING RESEARCHUNIVERSIDADE DE COIMBRA  17TH MAY 2013HUGO LEANDRO; NUNO MARQUES DA COSTACEG – IGOT – UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOAStreets with, at least, 5 PIC
  10. 10. RESULTS6TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON PLANNING RESEARCHUNIVERSIDADE DE COIMBRA  17TH MAY 2013HUGO LEANDRO; NUNO MARQUES DA COSTACEG – IGOT – UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOAStreets with, at least, 5 PIC
  11. 11. RESULTS6TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON PLANNING RESEARCHUNIVERSIDADE DE COIMBRA  17TH MAY 2013HUGO LEANDRO; NUNO MARQUES DA COSTACEG – IGOT – UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOA• In 2007, 40.5% of the Seixal PIC occurred in signalled crossings (in Portugal, 33% in 2007 and 38% in2011);• The drivers have themselves as good drivers and all the other users, in general, as "bad" road users;• There is a proven citizenship deficit in behavior, in both drivers and pedestrians, observable on the fieldby the behavior of both;• Many of the selected roads have an alignment relatively straight and practically devoid of traffic calmingmeasures. As a consequence, the risk of excessive speed is potentiated.• There is a collective awareness that the elderly and children are the most vulnerable group ofpedestrians;• Statistically, we highlight the fact that, in 2007, 36% of PIC, in the EN10, on the parish of Amora, involvedyoung people aged between 9 and 19 years and occurred between 07:45 and 18:30. We also highlight thefact that PIC involving the elderly citizens happen, mainly, between 7 and 15 hours (70%).
  12. 12. RESULTS6TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON PLANNING RESEARCHUNIVERSIDADE DE COIMBRA  17TH MAY 2013HUGO LEANDRO; NUNO MARQUES DA COSTACEG – IGOT – UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOAThe results of the survey show that about 19-28% of PIC that occurred in Seixal happened in the center ofPaivas / Cruz de Pau. This appears to be the result of a noxious combination of a trunk road with a denselypopulated area. The conflicts are further enhanced by location of a large number of functional units in thearea.
  13. 13. RESULTS6TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON PLANNING RESEARCHUNIVERSIDADE DE COIMBRA  17TH MAY 2013HUGO LEANDRO; NUNO MARQUES DA COSTACEG – IGOT – UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOAThe results of the survey show that about 19-28% of PIC that occurred in Seixal happened in the center ofPaivas / Cruz de Pau. This appears to be the result of a noxious combination of a trunk road with a denselypopulated area. The conflicts are further enhanced by location of a large number of functional units in thearea.
  14. 14. CONCLUSIONS6TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON PLANNING RESEARCHUNIVERSIDADE DE COIMBRA  17TH MAY 2013HUGO LEANDRO; NUNO MARQUES DA COSTACEG – IGOT – UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOA• Attitudes are not a negligible factor on Pedestrian Injury Crashes in Seixal;• The inadequacy of the urban circulation space and the lack of measures for its regulation andorganization was another factor not negligible;• We emphasize the existence of a regional structuring road (EN 10), integrated in the urban fabric,creating conflicts between drivers and between drivers and pedestrians;• It is important to identify the main pedestrian and vehicular flows to be able to create safe routes forpedestrians and reduce conflicts between pedestrians and drivers (and among drivers themselves);• It is important the adequacy of public transport to these flows and to promote its use;• The application of traffic calming measures, by adaptation to the vehicular and pedestrian flows, are acost-effective way to achieve the reduction of accidents.
  15. 15. TRAFFIC CALMING MEASURES6TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON PLANNING RESEARCHUNIVERSIDADE DE COIMBRA  17TH MAY 2013HUGO LEANDRO; NUNO MARQUES DA COSTACEG – IGOT – UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOA• Vertical deflections – Very effective butrestricted to low hierarchy streets due to theinduced capacity constraints of the speedreduction .• Horizontal deflections – With a lower speedreduction effect are more appropriate to mainarteries-• Narrowing – Studies show that speed tends toreduce with the narrowing of the lanes
  16. 16. TRAFFIC CALMING MEASURES6TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON PLANNING RESEARCHUNIVERSIDADE DE COIMBRA  17TH MAY 2013HUGO LEANDRO; NUNO MARQUES DA COSTACEG – IGOT – UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOA• Blocking through traffic – In a road hierarchyscheme this will force the through traffic topass through a designated set of throughroads.• Landscaping – Used in conjunction with othertraffic calming measures, not only helps toprovide a safer environment but makes it morefriendly and enjoyable.• Signalling and road markings improvement –Sometimes this tend to be neglected, namelythe road markings, but they play an importantrole in road safety.
  17. 17. ROAD SAFETY AND HEALTY CITIES - THE SEIXAL CASE STUDY6TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON PLANNING RESEARCHUNIVERSIDADE DE COIMBRA  17TH MAY 2013HUGO LEANDRO; NUNO MARQUES DA COSTACEG – IGOT – UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOATHANK YOU!

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