Art grade 7 learning guide


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learning guide for art 7 but it is only a draft of my work

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Art grade 7 learning guide

  1. 1. Grade 7 Arts Quarter 1: Drawing and Painting Content Standards – Appreciates the distinctive designs, color schemes, figures and objects coming from the cultural communities found in the three island groups Luzon: Weaving – Abra, Kalinga, Vakul, Pahiyas, Higantes, Barong Visayas: Hablon, Piyaya Mindanao: Kulintang, Malong, Torogan Topics LUZON TOPIC Abra is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. Its capital is Bangued, and it borders Ilocos Norte and Apayao on the north, Ilocos Sur and Mountain Province on the south, Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur on the west, and Kalinga, and Apayao on the east. The first inhabitants of Abra were the ancestors of the Bontocs and the Ifugaos. These inhabitants eventually left to settle in the old Mountain Province. Other early inhabitants were the Tingguians, or Itnegs, as they are also known. In 1598, a Spanish garrison was established in Bangued to protect Christian Ilocanos from Tingguian raids. Originally the area was called El Abra de Vigan ("The Opening of Vigan"). During the British Occupation of the Philippines, Gabriela Silang and her army fled to Abra from Ilocos and continued the revolt begun by her slain husband, Diego Silang. She was captured and hanged by the Spanish in 1763.
  2. 2. ABRA WEAVING VILLAGE Fabrics made by these craftswomen are truly one of a kind. Sadly it is a diminishing trade because machine-made fabrics are cheaper and faster to make. Sugarcane is making a case for these special textiles. Here's the extraordinary process of hand loom weaving in Abra, Philippines. Aling Naty is Abra's weaving community leader. Through her, the mothers have been empowered to learn weaving and give their families a new source of income. The first step of the weaving process is spinning the yarn using this no-tech spinning wheel.
  3. 3. Three spools of thread (white cones on the floor, right side of frame) are spun into small spools of yarn that are used for the weft. The yarn for all the entire village is prepped in this single room. I call her Manang Spider Woman because she has to move left to right going up and down the wall one spike at a time. There are 24 spools of thread being used for this step (gray cones on the floor). The thread is rolled on bamboo sticks for the warp.
  4. 4. This determines the color combination of the finished textile. Only Aling Naty and this manang know how to do this step. They often get up at 2 AM so that all the weavers would have yarn to weave that day. These bags hold the thread that will be prepped for weaving and spun into yarn. They are scrap thread bought by the kilo from a garment manufacturer in La Union. s for the warp.
  5. 5. This determines the color combination of the finished textile. Only Aling Naty and this manang know how to do this step. They often get up at 2 AM so that all the weavers would have yarn to weave that day. These bags hold the thread that will be prepped for weaving and spun into yarn. They are scrap thread bought by the kilo from a garment manufacturer in La Union.
  6. 6. The bundle of bamboo sticks below were prepped by Manang Spider Woman or Aling Naty that morning.
  7. 7. Through reinvestment, Aling Naty has been able to buy new looms and expand weaving from a part-time to a full-time activity for the village mothers. Her weaving center has looms over 100 years old and brand new. Local carpenters learned to repair and make them for her. The newest one is in the middle and was made for PHP 11,000 (approximately USD $250).
  8. 8. Ivatan people The Ivatans are a Filipino ethnolinguistic group predominant in the Batanes Islands of the Philippines. The origins of the Ivatans remained untraced among scholars. Ivatans were free before they were colonized by theSpaniards. The culture of the Ivatans is partly influenced by the environmental condition of Batanes. Unlike the old-type nipa huts common in the Philippines, Ivatans have adopted their now-famous stone houses made of limestone, designed to protect against the hostile climate.
  9. 9. Vakul The principles of visual art are the rules, tools and/or guidelines that artists use to organize the elements of art in an artwork. When successfully combined with the elements of art they aid in creating an aesthetically pleasing or interesting work of art.[1][2] Some principles of art that have been identified are movement, unity, harmony, variety, balance, rhythm, emphasis, contrast, proportion, and pattern. This list may vary, according to the art educator, but encompasses the generally accepted principles. Rhythm and pattern are often combined in art education. Movement Movement shows actions, or alternatively, the path the viewer's eye follows throughout an artwork. Movement is caused by using elements under the rules of the principles in picture to give the feeling of motion and to guide the viewer's eyes throughout the artwork. In movement an art should flow, because the artist has the ability to control the viewer's eye. The artists control what the viewers see and how they see it, like a path leading across the page to the item the artist wants the viewer's attention focused on. Techniques such as scale and proportion can be used to create an effect of movement in a visual artwork. For instance, an element that is further into the background is smaller in scale and lighter
  10. 10. in value. The same element repeated in different places within the same image can also demonstrate the passing of time or movement. Unity Unity is the concept behind the artwork. An analogy would be the way in which a conductor directs a wide variety of instruments in an orchestra to produce symphony that is recognized as a single comprehensible piece.[3] Unity is how well different parts of an artwork build on each other. Often used in art classes. Harmony Harmony is achieved in a body of work by using similar elements throughout the work, harmony gives an uncomplicated look to a piece of artwork or sculpture. Color harmony or color theory is also considered a principle through the application of the design element of color. Variety[ Variety is the quality or state of having different forms or types, notable use of contrast, emphasis, difference in size and color.[2] Balance (l-r) symmetrical, asymmetrical, and radial balance Balance is arranging elements so that no one part of a work overpowers, or seems heavier than any other part. The three different kinds of balance are symmetrical, asymmetrical, and radial. Symmetrical (or formal) balance is the most stable, in a visual sense. When both sides of an artwork on either side of the horizontal or vertical axis of the picture plane are exactly (or nearly exactly) the same the work is said to exhibit this type of balance. It is also a principle that deals with the visual weight of an artwork. Contrast Contrast is created by using elements that conflict with one another. Often, contrast is created by using complementary colors or extremely light and dark values. Contrast creates interest in a
  11. 11. piece and often draws the eye to certain areas. It is used to make a painting more visually interesting. Proportion Proportion is a measurement of the size and quantity of elements within a composition. In ancient arts, proportions of forms were enlarged to show importance. This is why Egyptian gods and political figures appear so much larger than common people. The ancient Greeks found fame with their accurately-proportioned sculptures of the human form. Beginning with the Renaissance, artists recognized the connection between proportion and the illusion of 3-dimensional space. Pattern Pattern is showing consistency with colors or lines. Putting a red spiral at the bottom left and top right, for example, will cause the eye to move from one spiral, to the other, and everything in between. It is indicating movement by the repetition of elements. Rhythm can make an artwork seem active.[2] A. Process 1. Drawing and Painting a. Drawing and Painting of the folk art motifs, designs, found in artifacts of the cultural groups in Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao B. Elements 1. Lines Organic Line: a mark with length and direction that forms an irregular shape, or one that might be found in nature, rather than a regular, mechanical shape . Organic shapes are associated with things from the natural world, like plants and animals. Inorganic line: a mark with length and direction that is straight and forms a geometric shape So basically it means anything that is manmade like a house is inorganic, and anything in nature or not manmade like a leaf or animal, is inorganic.
  12. 12. Curvilinear 1. consisting of or bounded by curved lines: a curvilinear figure. 2. forming or moving in a curved line. 3. formed or characterized by curved lines. Geometric - Wherever the ends of a continuous line meet, a shape is formed. Geometric shapes such as circles, triangles or squares have perfect, uniform measurements and don't often appear in nature Linear Source : 2. Colors - the visual perceptualproperty corresponding in humans to the categories called red, blue,yellow, green and others. Color derives from the spectrum of light
  13. 13. Nature based hues Secondary colors - is a color made by mixing two primary colors in a given color space.
  14. 14. Tertiary colors - tertiary color or quaternary color (called intermediate colors )is a color made by mixing either one primary color with one secondary color, or two secondary colors, in a given color space such as RGB[1] and CMYK (more modern) or RYB[2](traditional). Tertiary colors are a combination of full saturation of one primary color plus half saturation of another primary color and none of a third primary color. Tertiary colors have specific names, one set of names for the RGB color wheel and a different set of names and colors for the RYB color wheel. These names are shown below.
  15. 15. C. Principles 1. Repetition What is repetition, pattern, and rhythm? How do they relate to each other? Repetition refers to one object or shape repeated; pattern is a combination of elements or shapes repeated in a recurring and regular arrangement; rhythm--is a combination of elements repeated, but with variations.
  16. 16. Repitition 2. Rhythm - Rhythm is most easily understood within music. Rhythm represents our desire for order. Rhythm is like our own heartbest; it gives us a sense of the pulsing of life.
  17. 17. Of color Of shapes Of lines Grade 7 Art Second Quarter Content Standards 1. Realizes that stil pictures, film and moving images have a visual language and artistic elements different from still drawings and pantings 2. Understands that a story can be told through a short film with emphasis on images, colors and music, with dialogue and necessary component Topics A. Process 1. Printmaking and New Media a. still pictures b. camera films c. video clips d. video cam e. cellphones screen printing of designs B. Elements 1. shapes 2. colors Film is a series of moving scenes Color sets the mood C. Principles 1. contrast – is created when opposite sides are combined; quite colors; and loud colors, slow action and frantic movement
  18. 18. Grade 7 3rd Quarter Content standards – 1. Know the modern sculptors and craftsmen use any material in their environment to create a 3D work 2. Sees that among the indigenous groups , it is common to create musical instruments, pots and fishing and hunting weapons, weave clothes, contract houses, according to their design using local materials. Mt. Province – bamboo based music instruments and metal gongs Visayas – Guitar T’boli – molded bells, jewelry figurines Mindanao – bronze cast jars, gongs and weapons Topics A. Process 1. Sculpture and 3D assemblage creation of: a. Installation of nature objects by Jun Yee b. metal parts to create a music instrument by Lirio c. Metal scrap sculpture of Rai Arogante d.sack cloth, seeds, shells, button, wall hanging by Ching Abad e. Sculpture, bicycle parts Picasso B. Elements 1. Texture – of found and natural objects 2. Shape – organic and natural shapes C. Principles 1. Contrast 2. Emphasis