Raised Bed Gardening and Companion Planting - West Virginia University
Raised Bed GardeningSquare Foot GardeningSeason ExtendersCompanion- and Inter- Planting
Soil warms earlier in the spring and stays warm later inthe fall, allowing for season extensionCan be used where native soil is too poor for gardening orwhere drainage is poor (clay soils)Dense planting reduces weedsEasier access for those with mobility limitations orphysical impairments
May be 6-8 inches above ground or higherRecommended width is 4ftCan be constructed from many materials • Landscape timbers ● Concrete blocks • Lumber ● Landscape edging stoneCan be simply mounded soilFilled with rich, fertile soil and organic matterPlants are spaced much closer than “conventional” rows
Extra watering needed in hot summer months due toincreased drainageGood mulching (organic and inorganic) can reduceweeds and water lossGood sanitation is needed due to closeness of plantsBe aware of any leaching from materials used inconstruction
Intensive type of raised bed gardeningA certain number of plants (species specific) of one type are evenlyspaced in each 1ft x 1ft (square foot) section of a raised bedNo two adjoining squares have the same plantsBeds are usually 4ft x 4ft squares, but can be longer (4ft x 8 ft, etc.)
Great for small spaces or those with limited timeSuccession planting is easy – once a square is empty plantsomething elseDiverse plant population can help reduce disease and pestproblemsCrop rotation is easy
1 per sq ft 4 per sq ft 9 per sq ft• Cole Crops • Herbs • String Beans• Tomatoes • Chard • Peas• Potatoes • Corn • Garlic• Peppers • Large Greens • Beets• Squash • Most Flowers • Turnips• Cucumber • Head Lettuce • Spinach
Grow compatible plants close togetherInterplanting relies on plants growing at different times orat different heightsCompanion planting takes advantage of plantcharacteristics to help reduce disease and pest problems
Companion plants are used to limit diseasesand pests• Chives help repel aphids and black spot from roses• Beans planted with corn increases nitrogen supply• Rosemary or sage repels cabbage worms• Borage attracts bees for pollination and repels tomato worms
Plants take advantage of different growing timesand areas• Plant fast growing plants around slower growing plants to double crop• Use plants that have different growth habits to save space• Classic example: Three sisters – Corn, Beans and Squash
Companion Planting•http://activities.byui.edu/married/pdf/Companion%20Planting%20Guide.pdfIntegrated Pest Management•http://www.extension.iastate.edu/Publications/RG201.pdfOrganic Vegetable Gardening•http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/VH/VH01900.pdfRaised Bed Gardening•http://www.oznet.ksu.edu/library/hort2/mf2134.pdf•http://www.wvu.edu/~agexten/hortcult/homegard/ raisbeds.htmGardening in Small Spaces•http://www.ca.uky.edu/enri/gardening/ smspacegardening.pdf•http://www.uwex.edu/CES/cty/taylor/cnred/documents/ SquareFootGardeningrev08.pdf
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