The iliad intro 2


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The iliad intro 2

  1. 1. The Iliad by Homer
  2. 2. Socratic Seminar: Discussion Questions <ul><li>What makes a hero? </li></ul><ul><li>What makes a good leader? </li></ul><ul><li>3. Girls, would you allow a war to be started over you? A fight? </li></ul><ul><li>4. Boys, would you start a war over a girl? </li></ul><ul><li>5. Would you fight for a family member even if you knew they were wrong? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Is war ever a good idea? </li></ul><ul><li>When a politician today does not win, who or what does he blame it on? </li></ul><ul><li>In society how do we gain glory? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you control your rage? </li></ul><ul><li>What is hubris? Who is someone who is hubris? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Elements of the Epic <ul><li>An extended narrative poem recounting actions, travels, adventures, specific rhyme, and heroic episodes and written in a high style (with ennobled diction). </li></ul><ul><li>These elements helped them to memorize the poem. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Epic Structure <ul><li>Invocation to the muse or other deity (&quot;Sing, </li></ul><ul><li>goddess, of the wrath of Achilles&quot;) </li></ul><ul><li>Story begins in medias res (in the middle of things) </li></ul><ul><li>Catalogs (of participants on each side, ships, sacrifices) </li></ul><ul><li>Histories and descriptions of significant items (who made a sword or shield, how it was decorated, who owned it from generation to generation) </li></ul><ul><li>Epic simile (a long simile where the image becomes an object of art in its own right as well as serving to clarify the subject). </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent use of epithets (&quot;Aeneas the true&quot;; &quot;rosy-fingered Dawn&quot;; &quot;tall-masted ship&quot;) </li></ul><ul><li>Use of patronymics (calling son by father's name): &quot;Anchises' son&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Long, formal speeches by important characters </li></ul><ul><li>Journey to the underworld </li></ul><ul><li>Use of the number three (attempts are made three times, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Previous episodes in the story are later recounted </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Epic Hero Cycle <ul><li>The main character is a hero, who is </li></ul><ul><li>often possessed of supernatural abilities </li></ul><ul><li>or qualities. </li></ul><ul><li>The hero is charged with a quest. </li></ul><ul><li>The hero is tested, often to prove the worthiness of himself and his quest. </li></ul><ul><li>The presence of numerous mythical beings, magical and helpful animals, and human helpers and companions </li></ul><ul><li>The hero’s travels take him to a supernatural world, often one that normal human beings are barred from entering. </li></ul><ul><li>The cycle must reach a low point where the hero nearly gives up his quest or appears defeated. </li></ul><ul><li>A resurrection. </li></ul><ul><li>Restitution. Often this takes the form of the hero regaining his rightful place on the throne. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Homer, the epic poet <ul><li>Classical Greek Poet </li></ul><ul><li>Told stories orally </li></ul><ul><li>Is known for capturing and passing down Greek Mythology and The Iliad and The Odyssey </li></ul><ul><li>He wrote about preserving honor. Honor is the most important thing. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Iliad: Why study it? <ul><li>Learn a little about an ancient world whose ideas have greatly influenced our own world </li></ul><ul><li>Be familiar with the first piece of literature the western world has to offer </li></ul><ul><li>Discover an eventful, exciting war story. </li></ul><ul><li>Gain insight into the minds of men in the desperate circumstances of war </li></ul>
  9. 9. Themes in The Iliad <ul><li>Rage </li></ul><ul><li>Glory of War </li></ul><ul><li>Role of Women in Ancient Civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Military and glory over family </li></ul><ul><li>Human life and the role of the gods </li></ul><ul><li>Hubris </li></ul>
  10. 10. Pre-Iliad <ul><li>Paris/ Alexandros takes Helen back to Troy </li></ul><ul><li>Hera and Athena have hate for Troy and Aphrodite because Paris says Aphrodite is the most beautiful. </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks and Trojans have been in war for 9 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Agamemnon steals the duaghters of Apollo’s priest and then Apollo plagues the city. </li></ul>
  11. 11. A Clip Introduction to the Iliad <ul><li> ADNWwTmgKbw </li></ul>