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The iliad intro 2

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  • 1. The Iliad by Homer
  • 2. Socratic Seminar: Discussion Questions
    • What makes a hero?
    • What makes a good leader?
    • 3. Girls, would you allow a war to be started over you? A fight?
    • 4. Boys, would you start a war over a girl?
    • 5. Would you fight for a family member even if you knew they were wrong?
  • 3.
    • Is war ever a good idea?
    • When a politician today does not win, who or what does he blame it on?
    • In society how do we gain glory?
    • How do you control your rage?
    • What is hubris? Who is someone who is hubris?
  • 4. Elements of the Epic
    • An extended narrative poem recounting actions, travels, adventures, specific rhyme, and heroic episodes and written in a high style (with ennobled diction).
    • These elements helped them to memorize the poem.
  • 5. Epic Structure
    • Invocation to the muse or other deity ("Sing,
    • goddess, of the wrath of Achilles")
    • Story begins in medias res (in the middle of things)
    • Catalogs (of participants on each side, ships, sacrifices)
    • Histories and descriptions of significant items (who made a sword or shield, how it was decorated, who owned it from generation to generation)
    • Epic simile (a long simile where the image becomes an object of art in its own right as well as serving to clarify the subject).
    • Frequent use of epithets ("Aeneas the true"; "rosy-fingered Dawn"; "tall-masted ship")
    • Use of patronymics (calling son by father's name): "Anchises' son"
    • Long, formal speeches by important characters
    • Journey to the underworld
    • Use of the number three (attempts are made three times, etc.)
    • Previous episodes in the story are later recounted
  • 6. The Epic Hero Cycle
    • The main character is a hero, who is
    • often possessed of supernatural abilities
    • or qualities.
    • The hero is charged with a quest.
    • The hero is tested, often to prove the worthiness of himself and his quest.
    • The presence of numerous mythical beings, magical and helpful animals, and human helpers and companions
    • The hero’s travels take him to a supernatural world, often one that normal human beings are barred from entering.
    • The cycle must reach a low point where the hero nearly gives up his quest or appears defeated.
    • A resurrection.
    • Restitution. Often this takes the form of the hero regaining his rightful place on the throne.
  • 7. Homer, the epic poet
    • Classical Greek Poet
    • Told stories orally
    • Is known for capturing and passing down Greek Mythology and The Iliad and The Odyssey
    • He wrote about preserving honor. Honor is the most important thing.
  • 8. The Iliad: Why study it?
    • Learn a little about an ancient world whose ideas have greatly influenced our own world
    • Be familiar with the first piece of literature the western world has to offer
    • Discover an eventful, exciting war story.
    • Gain insight into the minds of men in the desperate circumstances of war
  • 9. Themes in The Iliad
    • Rage
    • Glory of War
    • Role of Women in Ancient Civilization
    • Military and glory over family
    • Human life and the role of the gods
    • Hubris
  • 10. Pre-Iliad
    • Paris/ Alexandros takes Helen back to Troy
    • Hera and Athena have hate for Troy and Aphrodite because Paris says Aphrodite is the most beautiful.
    • Greeks and Trojans have been in war for 9 years.
    • Agamemnon steals the duaghters of Apollo’s priest and then Apollo plagues the city.
  • 11. A Clip Introduction to the Iliad
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= ADNWwTmgKbw