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The iliad intro 2
 

The iliad intro 2

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    The iliad intro 2 The iliad intro 2 Presentation Transcript

    • The Iliad by Homer
    • Socratic Seminar: Discussion Questions
      • What makes a hero?
      • What makes a good leader?
      • 3. Girls, would you allow a war to be started over you? A fight?
      • 4. Boys, would you start a war over a girl?
      • 5. Would you fight for a family member even if you knew they were wrong?
      • Is war ever a good idea?
      • When a politician today does not win, who or what does he blame it on?
      • In society how do we gain glory?
      • How do you control your rage?
      • What is hubris? Who is someone who is hubris?
    • Elements of the Epic
      • An extended narrative poem recounting actions, travels, adventures, specific rhyme, and heroic episodes and written in a high style (with ennobled diction).
      • These elements helped them to memorize the poem.
    • Epic Structure
      • Invocation to the muse or other deity ("Sing,
      • goddess, of the wrath of Achilles")
      • Story begins in medias res (in the middle of things)
      • Catalogs (of participants on each side, ships, sacrifices)
      • Histories and descriptions of significant items (who made a sword or shield, how it was decorated, who owned it from generation to generation)
      • Epic simile (a long simile where the image becomes an object of art in its own right as well as serving to clarify the subject).
      • Frequent use of epithets ("Aeneas the true"; "rosy-fingered Dawn"; "tall-masted ship")
      • Use of patronymics (calling son by father's name): "Anchises' son"
      • Long, formal speeches by important characters
      • Journey to the underworld
      • Use of the number three (attempts are made three times, etc.)
      • Previous episodes in the story are later recounted
    • The Epic Hero Cycle
      • The main character is a hero, who is
      • often possessed of supernatural abilities
      • or qualities.
      • The hero is charged with a quest.
      • The hero is tested, often to prove the worthiness of himself and his quest.
      • The presence of numerous mythical beings, magical and helpful animals, and human helpers and companions
      • The hero’s travels take him to a supernatural world, often one that normal human beings are barred from entering.
      • The cycle must reach a low point where the hero nearly gives up his quest or appears defeated.
      • A resurrection.
      • Restitution. Often this takes the form of the hero regaining his rightful place on the throne.
    • Homer, the epic poet
      • Classical Greek Poet
      • Told stories orally
      • Is known for capturing and passing down Greek Mythology and The Iliad and The Odyssey
      • He wrote about preserving honor. Honor is the most important thing.
    • The Iliad: Why study it?
      • Learn a little about an ancient world whose ideas have greatly influenced our own world
      • Be familiar with the first piece of literature the western world has to offer
      • Discover an eventful, exciting war story.
      • Gain insight into the minds of men in the desperate circumstances of war
    • Themes in The Iliad
      • Rage
      • Glory of War
      • Role of Women in Ancient Civilization
      • Military and glory over family
      • Human life and the role of the gods
      • Hubris
    • Pre-Iliad
      • Paris/ Alexandros takes Helen back to Troy
      • Hera and Athena have hate for Troy and Aphrodite because Paris says Aphrodite is the most beautiful.
      • Greeks and Trojans have been in war for 9 years.
      • Agamemnon steals the duaghters of Apollo’s priest and then Apollo plagues the city.
    • A Clip Introduction to the Iliad
      • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= ADNWwTmgKbw