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Elzivir Azevedo Guerra, Coordinator of the Network of Mineral-based Production Chain, Ministry of Science and Technology, Brazil--Roundtable 2: Mining and the Environment: Legal Framework, Policies of ...

Elzivir Azevedo Guerra, Coordinator of the Network of Mineral-based Production Chain, Ministry of Science and Technology, Brazil--Roundtable 2: Mining and the Environment: Legal Framework, Policies of Formalization and Aggregation of Value to ASM Production

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Scale Mineral Production In Brazil Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Small – Scale Mineral Production in Brazil CURRENT DAYS AND PROJECTION FOR THE FUTURE CASM - Communities and Small - Scale Mining Brasília, 8 de outubro de 2008 Ministério de Minas e Energia Secretaria de Geologia, Mineração e Transformação Mineral
  • 2. Summary
    • I. Brazilian Constitution and government's management on geology and mining
    • II. Actions and Propositions of Lula's government
    • III Actions and Propositions of Lula's government to small scale mining
  • 3. I. Brazilian Constitution and Government’s Management on Geology and Mining
  • 4. BRAZILIAN FEDERAL CONSTITUTION - 1988
    • Art. 20 – Brazilian State is the owner of the following goods:
      • IX – mineral resources, including underground
    • Art. 22 – Brazilian State has exclusive competence to make the laws on:
      • XII – mining and metallurgy;
      • XVIII – national geological, cartographic
      • and statistics systems.
  • 5. Minister Bureau Legal Advisory Economic Advisory Executive Secretariat MINISTER OF MINES AND ENERGY Secretariat of Planning and Energetic Development Secretariat of Oil, Natural Gas and Renewable fuels Secretariat of Electric Energy Secretariat of Geology, Mining and Mineral Processing ANEEL ANP DNPM AUTARCHIES ELETROBRÁS PETROBRAS MIX ENTERPRISES EPE CBEE CPRM PUBLIC COMPANIES
  • 6. Secretariat of Geology, Mining and Mineral Processing National Department of Mineral Production – DNPM Autarchy manager of the Brazilian Mineral Assets BRAZILIAN BUREAU OF MINES Company of Research and Mineral Resources– CPRM (act as the Geological Survey of Brazil) Public Company responsible for the generation and diffusion of the basic geological and hydrological knowledge of the Country GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF BRAZIL Department of Political Administration of Geology, Mining and Mineral Processing Department of Geology and Mineral Production Department of Processing and Mineral Tecnology Department of Sustainable Development in the Mining
  • 7. II. Actions and Policies of Lula's Government
  • 8. Brazilian Geology Brazilian Ores…
  • 9. Niobium(1º) Iron (1º) Manganese (1º) Bauxite (2º) Tantalum (2º) Graphite (3º) Amianthus(4º) Global Player Exporter Self Sufficiency Dimension Stones Kaolin Magnesite Vermiculite Mica Limestone (cement) Chrome Industrial Diamond Titanium Gold Talc Nickel Brazilian World Ranking in Mineral Production External dependence Phosphate Cooper Zinc Diatomite Tungstenium Potassium Sufur Metallurgic Coal Rare Earth Elements Importer /Producer
  • 10. US$ Mil Fonte: DNPM, SECEX External Trade – Mineral Sector (1978 – 2007) Mining Sinopsis & Metalic and Non Metalic Mineral Transformation Fonte: Sinopse M &TM, 2007 , DTTM/SGM/MME US$ billions 2,9 % 40,1 46,1 44,8 Commercial Surplus M&TM 43,5 % 37,5 % 33,7 % M&TM / Brazilian Surplus 15,3 % 17,4 17,3 15,0 Brazilian Commercial Surplus External Trade (US$ billions) 5,9 % 5,5 % 5,4 % 2007 / 06 15,3 % 47,8 313 1.029 2005 15,0 % 14,3 % M&TM no PIB Industrial 59,7 48,2 M&TM GDP 398 323 Industry GDP 1.314 1.067 Brazil GDP 2007 2006
  • 11. detail 1:500.000 1:250.000 1:100.000 1:500.000 1:250.000 1:100.000 54,6% 32% 14 % GEOLOGIC KNOWLEDGE Retomada dos Levantamentos PLGB: 1995-2002 PLGB integração Pré PLGB
  • 12. PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION OF MATERIALS (2006) (kg/hab) Fonte: Sumário Mineral DNPM, 2007 800 286 2,2 7,0 CHINA 380 190 2,6 4,9 206 110 1,8 4,5 Ciment Steel Copper Aluminum WORLD BRAZIL MATERIAL
  • 13. Mine in Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro
  • 14. Mineral Development Strategies
    • Improving geological and aerogeophysical knowledge
    • Diversifying and expand mineral production
    • Adding values to mineral goods
    • Developing equipment and services
    • Mining in order to promote local, regional and national sustainable development
  • 15. 2008 PRIORITIES Geology, Mining and Mineral Processing Long Term Policy Plan 2008 – 2028 Improving modernization of Mineral Code and governmental institutions that generate and spreading geological and hydrological knowledge (CPRM), and monitoring the mineral resources of the Country (DNPM); Continuing geological mapping and airborne geophysical survey; STRENGTHENING ACTIONS TO IMPROVE SMALL - SCALE MINING BRAZILIAN MINERAL POLICY
  • 16.
    • 46 sheets avaliables in CD ROM
    • Text – book with DVD
    GEOLOGICAL MAP OF BRAZIL 1:1.000.000 - in SIG August, 2005
  • 17. GEODIVERSITY MAP OF BRAZIL - 1:2.500.000 2006
  • 18. STATES DIAGNOSTICS PROGRAM Relationship with states for development of Diagnostics and State Gudelines for Public Policy for the Mineral Sector Situação maio 2008 Estados com realização prevista para 2009-2010: Pará, Roraima, Bahia, Rondonia, Ceará, Paraíba *2008 Acre *2008 Maranhão *2008 Amazonas *2008 Sergipe 2007 Amapá Ano contratação Estado Estados com diagnósticos em curso ou * em contratação – 2008 2008 Tocantins 2008 Rio de Janeiro 2005 Rio Grande do Norte 2005 Piauí Ano conclusão Estado Estados com diagnósticos concluídos entre 2003-2008 2002 Goiás 2002 Mato Grosso Ano conclusão Estado Estados com diagnósticos concluídos anteriormente a 2003
  • 19. III. Actions and Policies of Lula's Government for Small Scale Mining
  • 20.
    • Account for about 73% of mining companies.
    • Responsible for about 25% of the total amount of employment in the formal mineral activity. 
    • Dominates the production of:
    • Shale, Sand, Gravel, Limestone, Gems, Gypsum, Granite, Bentonite, Calcite, Diamond, Feldspar, Mica, Silex, Talc, Quartz, Cassiterite.
    IMPORTANCE OF SMALL – SCALE MINING IN BRAZIL
  • 21.
    • Informality, hidering financial, technical and manangerial support;
    • Precarious mineral processing and treatment, not always providing desiderable recovery;
    • The quality of the final production often does not meet the requirements of the market, hidering the trade;
    • Often damage the health of workers and enviromental factors that could be avoided or minimized.
    Small – Scale Mining Problems
  • 22.
    • Insufficiency of geological information;
    • No utilization of available technologies ;
    • Labor worker without the necessary qualification;
    • Little knowledge of the market;
    • Low level of administrative structure.
    Small – Scale Mining Problems
  • 23. National Seminars of Mineral Cooperatives 2005 2006 2007 Average participants: 300 Main Objective: national discussion and organization of mineral cooperatives in order to better define demands and solutions for the problems
  • 24. National Program on Legalization 100.000 Workers benefited by the Program until 2008 9 States 89 Municipalities Apuí (ouro) Juína (diamante) Tapajós (ouro) São Luis (areia) Recife (areia) 9 municípios RN, PB, (gemas, caulim) 7 municípios nordeste de MG (gemas, feldspato) Coromandel (diamante) 3 municípios na Serra da Canastra (quartzito) Serra Pelada (ouro) Itariri, Itaquruçú, Igrejinha (ametista), Itaoca (areia) Curitiba e 27 municípios do norte (argila) Porto Alegre e 37 municípios (areia)
  • 25. ARRANJOS PRODUTIVOS LOCAIS DE BASE MINERAL Gems and jewlery - MG # # Opal de Pedro II - PI Calcareous and shale – CE Industrial Minerals – RN-PB Pedra Sabão – MG Gems and jewlery - RS Gypsum - PE Dimension Rock - ES Gems and jewlery - Pará Calcareous, Talc - PR Dimension Rock - RJ Shale – MG Quartzite – MG Quartzite/Shale- GO Dimension Rock - BA Ceramic - SP Ceramic - SC Arrangements Productives of Mineral Base Shale -AP Shale -TO
  • 26. Manaus Porto Velho São Miguel do Guamá São Luís Itapecurú Mirim Fortaleza Russas Assu Natal Salvador Curitiba Foz do Iguaçu Belém Iranduba Macapá local dos 16 cursos/UF PERÍODO 2005- 2006 # Timon # Cacoal # Pimenta Bueno # Campo Maior # 16 ESTADOS CONTEMPLADOS LOCALIDADE Nº Participantes Teresina/PI 20 Russas/CE 55 Assu/RN 21 Alagoinhas/BA 26 S.Miguel do Guamá/PA 12 Porto Velho/RO 19 Macapá/AP 50 Itapecurú/MA 50 Socorro/SP 28 Foz de Iguaçu/PR 45 Iranduba/AM 56 Goiânia/GO 44 Assu/RN 21 Morro da Fumaça/SC 23 Monte Carmelo /MG 44 Itaituba/PA 27 TOTAL 541 Morro da Fumaça Itaituba previsão de 22 cursos em 13 UF PERÍODO 2007- 2008 Campo Grande Alagoinhas Mara Rosa Itauna Monte Carmelo Cuiabá Recife Caruaru Rio de Janeiro Itaboraí Pelotas Porto Alegre Criciúma Itu Socorro Palmas Cornélio Procópio Campos S.João Batista Florianópolis Ituiutaba Goiânia Anicuns # Nazário # Teresina Limoeiro do Norte Iranduba Goiânia # Anápolis São Paulo Colatina Belo Horizonte (2) Pres.Prudente Marabá Capacity building of the ceramic – pottery sector
  • 27. Seminars and short techinical training and management in the sector of minerals aggregates for construction. (2005-2006) All Brazilian States 1.500 producers of sand NACIONAL PLAN OF AGGREGATES
  • 28. Quilombolas Inclusion Production through the Mineral Activity Quilombos are indepent territories where the liberty, the social – politicies, economics and culturals dimensions are significant to the maintenance of their identity. Communities in Brazil: 5.200 SGM WITH SECRETARIA ESPECIAL DE POLÍTICAS DE PROMOÇÃO DA IGUALDADE RACIAL - SEPIR
  • 29. Project: Diagnosis of the Mineral Sector as a subsidy to the deployment of Agenda 21 Mineral Municipalities: Nova Era (MG), Coromandel (MG), Campos Verdes (GO), Tenente Ananias (RN), Pimenta Bueno (RO), Vila Pavão (ES) Plan of Implementation Agenda 21, Rio + 10 Paragraph 46 Mining, the minerals and metals are important for the economic and social development of many countries. Mineral is essencial for the modern life . AGENDA 21 MINERAL IN LARGE MINERAL MUNICIPALITIES: Ouro Preto, Mariana, Arcos, Congonhas, Itabira, Paracatu, Corumbá O Setor Mineral Campos Verdes – GO / 2007
  • 30. NATIONAL PROGRAM OF MINERAL EXTENSION ACTIVITY Objective: Consolidate actions to promote and support the small – scale mining Bases of national action: PORMIN is a tool for spreading information and capacity building. MINERAL TELECENTERS are physical structure for extension activities Coordination: SGM, DNPM, CPRM
  • 31.  
  • 32. Mineral Telecenters and Centers of Digital Inclusion Humaitá Manicoré Juína Canaã dos carajás Pedro II Currais Novos Nova Palmeira Boa Vista Monte Santo, Palmas Viitória da Conquista Itambé Cristalina Teófilo Otoni, Araçuaí, Coronel Murta, Salinas Corinto, Joaquim Felício Coromandel, Monte Carmelo Chopinzinho Ametista do Sul Morro da Fumaça Guapiara Santana do Cariri 27 Centers of Digital Inclusion in the Municipalities (Final fase of implementation) Edital to new 19 Telecenters 27 TELECENTERS AT THE MUNICIPALITIES
  • 33. USEFUL LINKS http : //www.mme.gov.br M in i stry of Mines and Energy http : //www.cprm.gov.br Brazilian Geological Survey http : //www.dnpm.gov.br National Department of Mineral Production THANK YOU