IV Congreso de Transporte Sustentable Ciudad de Mexico, 27-29 octubre 2008
 
LAND USE PATTERNS  TRANSPORT  HIPOTESIS HIPOTESIS WALKING & BIKING TRIPS
 
 
Proximity and Connectivity
 
Urban Density  (Residents/Ha) Kenworthy and Laube, Murdoch University, Australia
Daily Walking or Biking Trips (%)  Kenworthy and Laube, Murdoch University, Australia 50 liters of gas / year 3,000 liters...
LAND USE PATTERNS  TRANSPORT  HIPOTESIS HIPOTESIS WALKING & BIKING TRIPS
LAND USE PATTERNS  TRANSPORT  HIPOTESIS HIPOTESIS Less Chronic Diseases WALKING & BIKING TRIPS  PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
30 minutes a day or 150 minutes a week of moderate physical activity
 
45% Colombians are physically active
45% Colombians are physically active 36% Colombian National Nutrition Survey, 2005
45% Colombians are physically active 36% 9% Colombian National Nutrition Survey, 2005
LAND USE PATTERNS  TRANSPORT  HIPOTESIS Less Chronic Diseases WALKING & BIKING TRIPS  PHYSICAL ACTIVITY  ?
LAND USE PATTERNS TRANSPORT  HIPOTESIS HIPOTESIS Less Chronic Diseases WALKING & BIKING FOR TRANSPORT  A B
<ul><li>Commuter Walking and Biking studies have shown to: </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce all cause mortality  (Anderson et. al....
Influence of Walking, Cycling and Utilitarian P.A. on Mortality, Shangai, China   Mattews CE, Jurj A, Xiao-ou Shu et. Al. ...
Mattews CE, Jurj A, Xiao-ou Shu et. Al. Am J Epi, 2007 P Trend = 0.000 Independent protective  effects of  all utilitarian...
 
Policy Issues
LAND USE PATTERNS  TRANSPORT  HIPOTESIS Less Chronic Diseases WALKING & BIKING P.A.  Air Quality &  ↓ GHG Road Safety  Soc...
<ul><li>“ I have found that, in most but not all cases, the best ethical and environmental choices also happen to be the b...
<ul><li>Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Public Health  </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Development </li></ul>
Transport Public Health Sustainable Development Human Mobility TOD
Transport Public Health Sustainable Development Power to redefine and create new markets
Transport Public Health Climate Change Sustainable Development
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Transport and Health (Physical Activity)

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By Enrique Jacoby. Presented at Day One of Transforming Transportation 2010. Washington, D.C. January 14, 2010. www.transformingtransportation2010.org

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  • We have entertained the hypothesis that walking on the streets for utilitarian purposes can be an excellent way to achieve the health benefits of physical activity (pa) for millions of citizens. This model has two sub-hypothesis…..
  • Features to demonstrate: Segregation of uses Low connectivity Large distances
  • Features to demonstrate: Segregation of uses Low connectivity Large distances
  • We have entertained the hypothesis that walking on the streets for utilitarian purposes can be an excellent way to achieve the health benefits of physical activity (pa) for millions of citizens. This model has two sub-hypothesis…..
  • We have entertained the hypothesis that walking on the streets for utilitarian purposes can be an excellent way to achieve the health benefits of physical activity (pa) for millions of citizens. This model has two sub-hypothesis…..
  • We have entertained the hypothesis that walking on the streets for utilitarian purposes can be an excellent way to achieve the health benefits of physical activity (pa) for millions of citizens. This model has two sub-hypothesis…..
  • We have entertained the hypothesis that walking on the streets for utilitarian purposes can be an excellent way to achieve the health benefits of physical activity (pa) for millions of citizens. This model has two sub-hypothesis…..
  • We have entertained the hypothesis that walking on the streets for utilitarian purposes can be an excellent way to achieve the health benefits of physical activity (pa) for millions of citizens. This model has two sub-hypothesis…..
  • We have entertained the hypothesis that walking on the streets for utilitarian purposes can be an excellent way to achieve the health benefits of physical activity (pa) for millions of citizens. This model has two sub-hypothesis…..
  • Transport and Health (Physical Activity)

    1. 2. IV Congreso de Transporte Sustentable Ciudad de Mexico, 27-29 octubre 2008
    2. 4. LAND USE PATTERNS TRANSPORT HIPOTESIS HIPOTESIS WALKING & BIKING TRIPS
    3. 7. Proximity and Connectivity
    4. 9. Urban Density (Residents/Ha) Kenworthy and Laube, Murdoch University, Australia
    5. 10. Daily Walking or Biking Trips (%) Kenworthy and Laube, Murdoch University, Australia 50 liters of gas / year 3,000 liters gas / year
    6. 11. LAND USE PATTERNS TRANSPORT HIPOTESIS HIPOTESIS WALKING & BIKING TRIPS
    7. 12. LAND USE PATTERNS TRANSPORT HIPOTESIS HIPOTESIS Less Chronic Diseases WALKING & BIKING TRIPS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
    8. 13. 30 minutes a day or 150 minutes a week of moderate physical activity
    9. 15. 45% Colombians are physically active
    10. 16. 45% Colombians are physically active 36% Colombian National Nutrition Survey, 2005
    11. 17. 45% Colombians are physically active 36% 9% Colombian National Nutrition Survey, 2005
    12. 18. LAND USE PATTERNS TRANSPORT HIPOTESIS Less Chronic Diseases WALKING & BIKING TRIPS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY ?
    13. 19. LAND USE PATTERNS TRANSPORT HIPOTESIS HIPOTESIS Less Chronic Diseases WALKING & BIKING FOR TRANSPORT A B
    14. 20. <ul><li>Commuter Walking and Biking studies have shown to: </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce all cause mortality (Anderson et. al., 2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Improve cardio fitness with trips 3Km/d/4 days-week (Hendriksen, 2000; P. Oja, 98) </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the risk of colon CA and breast CA in women (Matthews, 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Be associated with reduced obesity (Bessett, 2008; Wen & Rissel, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>A 31% reduction in CVD risk and 32% reduction in all-cause mortality in a meta-analysis of 18 walking studies (Hamer and Chida, 2008) </li></ul>
    15. 21. Influence of Walking, Cycling and Utilitarian P.A. on Mortality, Shangai, China Mattews CE, Jurj A, Xiao-ou Shu et. Al. Am J Epi, 2007
    16. 22. Mattews CE, Jurj A, Xiao-ou Shu et. Al. Am J Epi, 2007 P Trend = 0.000 Independent protective effects of all utilitarian activities on mortality risk, Shangai, China Physical Activity Dose (MET hrs/day) Protective Effect
    17. 24. Policy Issues
    18. 25. LAND USE PATTERNS TRANSPORT HIPOTESIS Less Chronic Diseases WALKING & BIKING P.A. Air Quality & ↓ GHG Road Safety Social cohesion
    19. 26. <ul><li>“ I have found that, in most but not all cases, the best ethical and environmental choices also happen to be the best choices for our health ─ very good news indeed.” </li></ul><ul><li>Michael Pollan, In Defense of Food </li></ul>
    20. 27. <ul><li>Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Public Health </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Development </li></ul>
    21. 28. Transport Public Health Sustainable Development Human Mobility TOD
    22. 29. Transport Public Health Sustainable Development Power to redefine and create new markets
    23. 30. Transport Public Health Climate Change Sustainable Development

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