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Transport and Health (Physical Activity)

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By Enrique Jacoby. Presented at Day One of Transforming Transportation 2010. Washington, D.C. January 14, 2010. www.transformingtransportation2010.org

By Enrique Jacoby. Presented at Day One of Transforming Transportation 2010. Washington, D.C. January 14, 2010. www.transformingtransportation2010.org

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  • We have entertained the hypothesis that walking on the streets for utilitarian purposes can be an excellent way to achieve the health benefits of physical activity (pa) for millions of citizens. This model has two sub-hypothesis…..
  • Features to demonstrate: Segregation of uses Low connectivity Large distances
  • Features to demonstrate: Segregation of uses Low connectivity Large distances
  • We have entertained the hypothesis that walking on the streets for utilitarian purposes can be an excellent way to achieve the health benefits of physical activity (pa) for millions of citizens. This model has two sub-hypothesis…..
  • We have entertained the hypothesis that walking on the streets for utilitarian purposes can be an excellent way to achieve the health benefits of physical activity (pa) for millions of citizens. This model has two sub-hypothesis…..
  • We have entertained the hypothesis that walking on the streets for utilitarian purposes can be an excellent way to achieve the health benefits of physical activity (pa) for millions of citizens. This model has two sub-hypothesis…..
  • We have entertained the hypothesis that walking on the streets for utilitarian purposes can be an excellent way to achieve the health benefits of physical activity (pa) for millions of citizens. This model has two sub-hypothesis…..
  • We have entertained the hypothesis that walking on the streets for utilitarian purposes can be an excellent way to achieve the health benefits of physical activity (pa) for millions of citizens. This model has two sub-hypothesis…..
  • We have entertained the hypothesis that walking on the streets for utilitarian purposes can be an excellent way to achieve the health benefits of physical activity (pa) for millions of citizens. This model has two sub-hypothesis…..
  • Transcript

    • 1.  
    • 2. IV Congreso de Transporte Sustentable Ciudad de Mexico, 27-29 octubre 2008
    • 3.  
    • 4. LAND USE PATTERNS TRANSPORT HIPOTESIS HIPOTESIS WALKING & BIKING TRIPS
    • 5.  
    • 6.  
    • 7. Proximity and Connectivity
    • 8.  
    • 9. Urban Density (Residents/Ha) Kenworthy and Laube, Murdoch University, Australia
    • 10. Daily Walking or Biking Trips (%) Kenworthy and Laube, Murdoch University, Australia 50 liters of gas / year 3,000 liters gas / year
    • 11. LAND USE PATTERNS TRANSPORT HIPOTESIS HIPOTESIS WALKING & BIKING TRIPS
    • 12. LAND USE PATTERNS TRANSPORT HIPOTESIS HIPOTESIS Less Chronic Diseases WALKING & BIKING TRIPS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
    • 13. 30 minutes a day or 150 minutes a week of moderate physical activity
    • 14.  
    • 15. 45% Colombians are physically active
    • 16. 45% Colombians are physically active 36% Colombian National Nutrition Survey, 2005
    • 17. 45% Colombians are physically active 36% 9% Colombian National Nutrition Survey, 2005
    • 18. LAND USE PATTERNS TRANSPORT HIPOTESIS Less Chronic Diseases WALKING & BIKING TRIPS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY ?
    • 19. LAND USE PATTERNS TRANSPORT HIPOTESIS HIPOTESIS Less Chronic Diseases WALKING & BIKING FOR TRANSPORT A B
    • 20.
      • Commuter Walking and Biking studies have shown to:
      • Reduce all cause mortality (Anderson et. al., 2000)
      • Improve cardio fitness with trips 3Km/d/4 days-week (Hendriksen, 2000; P. Oja, 98)
      • Reduce the risk of colon CA and breast CA in women (Matthews, 2007)
      • Be associated with reduced obesity (Bessett, 2008; Wen & Rissel, 2008)
      • A 31% reduction in CVD risk and 32% reduction in all-cause mortality in a meta-analysis of 18 walking studies (Hamer and Chida, 2008)
    • 21. Influence of Walking, Cycling and Utilitarian P.A. on Mortality, Shangai, China Mattews CE, Jurj A, Xiao-ou Shu et. Al. Am J Epi, 2007
    • 22. Mattews CE, Jurj A, Xiao-ou Shu et. Al. Am J Epi, 2007 P Trend = 0.000 Independent protective effects of all utilitarian activities on mortality risk, Shangai, China Physical Activity Dose (MET hrs/day) Protective Effect
    • 23.  
    • 24. Policy Issues
    • 25. LAND USE PATTERNS TRANSPORT HIPOTESIS Less Chronic Diseases WALKING & BIKING P.A. Air Quality & ↓ GHG Road Safety Social cohesion
    • 26.
      • “ I have found that, in most but not all cases, the best ethical and environmental choices also happen to be the best choices for our health ─ very good news indeed.”
      • Michael Pollan, In Defense of Food
    • 27.
      • Transport
      • Public Health
      • Sustainable Development
    • 28. Transport Public Health Sustainable Development Human Mobility TOD
    • 29. Transport Public Health Sustainable Development Power to redefine and create new markets
    • 30. Transport Public Health Climate Change Sustainable Development

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