Chlamydia

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Chlamydia

  1. 1. Chlamydia Dr. Abbas Hayat
  2. 2. Chlamydia 1. Ocular Infections:  Chlamydia trachomatis causes: Trachoma and inclusion conjunctivitis. 2. Genital Infections: 3. Respiratory Infections:
  3. 3. Trachoma and inclusion conjunctivitis. • Trachoma characterized by development of follicles and inflamed conjunctivae. • Cornea becomes cloudy and vascularized; repeated infections common cause of blindness. • Inclusion conjunctivitis is a milder inflammatory conjuctival infection with purulent discharge.
  4. 4. Genital Infections:  C trachomatis strains cause genital infections, including Non Gonococcal Uretheritis (NGU) in men and acute salpingitis and cervicitis in women.  LGV I , 2 & 3 cause Lymphogranuloma venereum, a venereal disease with genital lesions and regional lymph node involvement (buboes). Some
  5. 5.  Respiratory Infections: Chlamydia psittaci usually causes an influenza like illness called psittacosis.  Chlamydia pneumoniae  (TWAR organism) causes atypical pneumonitis in humans.
  6. 6. Chlamydia trachomatis  Inoculated into the eye by contaminated fingers or fomites in neonates, by passage through an infected birth canal.  Genital infections are spread sexually ,  respiratory infections by inhalation.
  7. 7. Though symptoms of Chlamydia usually mild or absent, serious complications cause irreversible damage, including infertility occur ing "silently" before a woman ever recognizes a problem. Chlamydia also can cause discharge from the penis of an infected man.
  8. 8. Prevention and Control  Avoid promiscuous behavior  Prefer monogamous intimate relationship with screened partners.  Condoms  Safe sex practices  Treatment of patients and of contacts also  Sex education
  9. 9. Treatment  Tetracycline and erythromycin are the drugs of choice.  Penicillin is not effective.
  10. 10. Clinical manifestations of chlamydial infections. .
  11. 11. What will matter is not your competence, but your character. What will matter is not how many people you knew, but how many will feel a lasting loss when you're gone.

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