Trachoma and inclusion
• Trachoma characterized by development
of follicles and inflamed conjunctivae.
• Cornea becomes cloudy and vascularized;
repeated infections common cause of
• Inclusion conjunctivitis is a milder
inflammatory conjuctival infection with
C trachomatis strains cause genital
infections, including Non Gonococcal
Uretheritis (NGU) in men and acute
salpingitis and cervicitis in women.
LGV I , 2 & 3 cause
Lymphogranuloma venereum, a
venereal disease with genital lesions
and regional lymph node
involvement (buboes). Some
Chlamydia psittaci usually causes
an influenza like illness called
(TWAR organism) causes
atypical pneumonitis in humans.
Inoculated into the eye by
contaminated fingers or fomites
in neonates, by passage through
an infected birth canal.
Genital infections are spread
respiratory infections by
Though symptoms of
Chlamydia usually mild
or absent, serious
including infertility occur
ing "silently" before a
woman ever recognizes a
Chlamydia also can
cause discharge from the
penis of an infected man.
Prevention and Control
Avoid promiscuous behavior
Prefer monogamous intimate
relationship with screened
Safe sex practices
Treatment of patients and of
erythromycin are the
drugs of choice.
Penicillin is not
Clinical manifestations of
chlamydial infections. .
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